Ledum Is An Intoxicating Plant. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Properties. Kinds. Photo

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Ledum Is An Intoxicating Plant. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Properties. Kinds. Photo
Ledum Is An Intoxicating Plant. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Properties. Kinds. Photo

Video: Ledum Is An Intoxicating Plant. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Properties. Kinds. Photo

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The Russian name "wild rosemary" comes from the old verb "wild rosemary", which means "to poison", and forgotten in our time, derived from it, the adjective "wild rosemary" means: poisonous, intoxicating, tart, strong. This name reflects the characteristic feature of this shrub - a strong, suffocating smell. The scientific name of wild rosemary - "Ledum" (Ledum) comes from the Greek ledon - as the ancient Greeks called the plant from which the aromatic resin was extracted - frankincense (ladanum).

Greenlandic rhododendron, or Greenlandic ledum
Greenlandic rhododendron, or Greenlandic ledum

Content:

  • Description of wild rosemary
  • Growing wild rosemary
  • Ledum care
  • Propagation of wild rosemary
  • Using wild rosemary in the garden
  • Medicinal properties of wild rosemary
  • Ledum species

Description of wild rosemary

Ledum (Ledum) is a genus of plants from the Heather family.

Ledum grows in the cold and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. There are 6 types, 4 of which are common in Russia. Ledum is represented by shrubs and shrubs with evergreen, alternate, whole-edged, leathery, often with a curled edge, leaves.

The leaves and branches of wild rosemary emit a pungent intoxicating smell, which is explained by the content of a complex essential oil in the plant, which has poisonous properties that affect the nervous system and causes dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes loss of consciousness.

Flowers are bisexual, white, five-dimensional, in umbellate or corymbose inflorescences at the ends of last year's shoots. The rosemary fruit is a five-celled capsule that opens up from the base. The seeds are very small, winged.

Ledum is propagated by seeds, in culture - by cuttings, layering, dividing bushes and root suckers.

Rhododendron daurian (Rhododendron dauricum)
Rhododendron daurian (Rhododendron dauricum)

Growing wild rosemary

Planting wild rosemary

The best time for planting wild rosemary is spring. However, if the plant is sold with a closed root system, then planting time does not really matter. Since plants are planted in a permanent place for many years, the planting pits should be 30-40 cm deep, although the bulk of its roots are at a depth of 20 cm.If you want to create a bright spot, and wait several years for one specimen to grow, do not enough patience, plant a few bushes, while the distance between plants in the group should be 50-70 cm.

Soil for wild rosemary

Ledum plants prefer acidic soils. Therefore, the pit is filled with a mixture of high peat, coniferous soil and sand in a ratio (3: 2: 1). Some species can grow in poor sandy soils. For example, greenland rosemary and large-leaved wild rosemary, for which the soil mixture is composed of the same components, but with a predominance of sand. At the bottom of the planting pit with a layer of 5-7 cm, drainage is poured, consisting of river pebbles and sand. Planting mulch.

Ledum
Ledum

Watering

To maintain the optimal level of soil acidity, it is necessary to regularly (2-3 times a month) water the plantings with acidified water. The bushes are fed once a year in spring with full mineral fertilizer. It is enough to scatter 1.5-2 tbsp around the bush in April-May. l. fertilizers.

Tolerates waterlogging, but does not tolerate drought and soil compaction. Loosening is also desirable, but careful, because due to the root system located at the surface, the roots can be damaged

Ledum care

Although wild rosemary grow on poor soil in the garden, they need nutrition to grow well. Therefore, it is important to feed the plants. It is better to do this in the spring, once a season. For top dressing, a complete mineral fertilizer is used at the rate of 50-70 grams per m 2 for each adult plant, for young plantings - 30-40 grams per m 2.

In dry and hot summers, wild rosemary need watering. Therefore, at least once a week, they should be watered abundantly with 5-8 liters of water per plant. After that, the soil around the bushes can be carefully loosened and be sure to mulch with peat to retain moisture. They loosen the ground, as already noted, very carefully, since the roots are located close to the soil surface.

Ledulniks do not need special pruning. To maintain a decorative look, only dry and broken twigs after winter are cut.

In culture, wild rosemary are resistant to diseases and pests, probably due to the repelling strong smell.

Marsh rosemary seedling
Marsh rosemary seedling

Propagation of wild rosemary

All species are propagated by seeds and summer cuttings. But grafting requires some skill and knowledge. For successful root formation, summer cuttings must be treated with 0.01% heteroauxin solution for 16-24 hours, then rinsed and planted in a box. But even after this treatment, callus is formed only by autumn, and the roots from it grow only the next year.

Using wild rosemary in the garden

Ledum of all kinds are very graceful and interesting plants. Planted in the garden, they will always decorate it. The smell of fresh leaves and branches of wild rosemary scares off blood-sucking insects, protects fur and wool from moths. In addition, they will protect you, because the substances secreted by their leaves kill bacteria harmful to humans. And who knows, perhaps in the near future, medicine will thank nature for creating this "insidious" bush and forgive him for its intoxicating properties.

Greenland wild rosemary
Greenland wild rosemary

Medicinal properties of wild rosemary

Plants contain a whole range of active substances, which determines the versatility of their effects on the body as a whole. Therefore, it is very difficult to divide plants into expectorants, antitussives, bronchodilators, etc. Among the people, wild rosemary is considered almost a universal medicine. Has antispasmodic, expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, disinfectant, analgesic, narcotic and sedative properties, has diuretic, antimicrobial activity.

In folk medicine, wild rosemary is used for diseases of the respiratory system; bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, influenza, bronchial asthma, cough, whooping cough, wounds, as well as snake and insect bites. Copes well with stomach diseases, dysentery, spastic enterocolitis. It is also used in the treatment of liver diseases, fever, cystitis, pyelitis, urethritis.

It is widely used in the form of baths and lotions for the treatment of external diseases (weeping eczema, frostbite, boils, scabies), eye diseases, chronic rheumatism, gout, osteochondrosis, arthritis. It has a positive effect on tuberculosis, diabetes and cancerous tumors.

Rosemary shoots are used in the form of an infusion as a means of dilating blood vessels, improving blood circulation, and insomnia. The ability of wild rosemary to moderately lower blood pressure was revealed. Patients tolerate wild rosemary well even with prolonged use, it does not cause acute toxic effects.

Ledin is industrially produced from wild rosemary shoots as an antitussive, bronchodilator. Ledum essential oil has narcotic properties that are used in the production of beer and vodka.

Why, in the first place, is it about the respiratory organs? Essential oils of wild rosemary (anise, elecampane, mint, pine buds) are very effective on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. The folk and clinical experience of using wild rosemary for the treatment of the respiratory system is very rich.

Ledum species

Marsh Ledum (Ledum palustre, or Rhododendron tomentosum)

Marsh ledum is widespread in nature and is more common in culture. Popularly called it: bagun, wild rosemary, bagunnyak, goddess, bagunnik, bugun, marsh hemlock, puzzle, bagno, oregano, oregano, canabor, marsh canabra, big bug, bedbug grass, marsh stupor, forest rosemary.

Homeland of Marsh Ledum Arctic, East European Plain, Western and Eastern Siberia, Western, Northern, Southern Europe, Northern Mongolia, Northeast China, Korea, North America. It grows in the tundra and forest-tundra in peat bogs, in raised bogs, in the undergrowth of damp coniferous forests, along mountain rivers and streams, in the highlands, in groups, in small thickets, among dwarf cedar.

Marsh Ledum (Ledum palustre)
Marsh Ledum (Ledum palustre)

Marsh wild rosemary is a strongly branched evergreen shrub with a height of 50 to 120 cm, with ascending shoots covered with dense "rusty" felt drooping. The diameter of the bush in adulthood is about 1 meter. The leaves are lanceolate, dark, shiny, with a scent. The edges of the leaves are strongly curled down. The flowers (up to 1.5 cm in diameter) are white, rarely pinkish, sharp-smelling, in multi-flowered umbrellas (May-June). The capsule fruit opens with five leaves. The seeds ripen in mid-August. Superficial roots with mycorrhiza.

Greenlandic Ledum (Ledum groenlandicum)

The natural area of ​​Greenland Ledum is the northern and western part of North America. Grows in peat bogs. It is rare in culture, mainly in the collections of the botanical gardens of St. Petersburg, Riga, Canada, the USA, Germany and Switzerland.

Greenlandic rhododendron, or Greenlandic ledum (Ledum groenlandicum)
Greenlandic rhododendron, or Greenlandic ledum (Ledum groenlandicum)

Greenland Ledum is a shrub up to 1 meter high, with oblong leaves (up to 2.5 cm long), white flowers (up to 1.5 cm in diameter), collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. Blooms from mid-June to the second decade of July. The seeds ripen by the end of September. Moderate growth. From late July to autumn frosts, there are cases of secondary growth due to which, probably, the ends of young shoots do not have time to completely lignify and freeze slightly. However, this does not affect the decorative effect of the species.

Ledum creeping, or wild rosemary (Ledum decumbens)

Homeland of the wild rosemary creeping: Eastern Siberia, the Far East: Chukotka, Kamchatka, Okhotia, Sakhalin, northern North America, Greenland. It grows in shrub tundra on hummocks with open woodlands, on sandy hills, loaches, in thickets of dwarf cedar, on high-mountain sphagnum bogs, stony placers.

Ledum creeping, or wild rosemary (Ledum decumbens)
Ledum creeping, or wild rosemary (Ledum decumbens)

Evergreen shrub 20-30 cm tall. Blooms sparingly, but annually from the second decade of May to mid-June. Fruiting irregularly. The seeds ripen at the end of August. It grows slowly, with an annual growth of about 1 cm.

Large-leaved wild rosemary (Ledum macrophyllum)

Homeland of Large-leaved Ledum: Eastern Siberia, Far East: Sakhalin, Primorye, Amur River basin; northern part of Korea, Japan (Hokkaido). It grows in the undergrowth of mountain coniferous forests, on sphagnum bogs, on the outskirts of stone placers among thickets of heather shrubs.

Tolmachev's Rhododendron, or Large-leaved Ledum (Ledum macrophyllum)
Tolmachev's Rhododendron, or Large-leaved Ledum (Ledum macrophyllum)

Large-leaved wild rosemary is an evergreen shrub up to 1.3 m tall. Blooms profusely, from the second half of May to the first decade of June. The seeds ripen in late August - early September. Annual growth is 3-4 cm, rarely 6-8 cm.

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