Tamed Indoor Cotton Wool. Asklepias Kyurasavsky. Home Care. Photo

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Tamed Indoor Cotton Wool. Asklepias Kyurasavsky. Home Care. Photo
Tamed Indoor Cotton Wool. Asklepias Kyurasavsky. Home Care. Photo

Video: Tamed Indoor Cotton Wool. Asklepias Kyurasavsky. Home Care. Photo

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Video: Пробуем ваточник, многолетний медонос. Посадка 9 апреля, состояние на 3 мая. 2023, February
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Legendary willow trees are rightly called one of the most “wild” flowering garden plants. The unbridled disposition and propensity to overgrow this original garden beauty cannot be recognized in room culture. By taming asklepias and transferring it to pots and containers, it is possible not only to get rid of many problems in growing. After all, it is in room culture that asklepias appears not as a landscape “wild” miracle, but as a real beautifully blooming star.

Kurassavsky vatochnik, or Asclepias curassavica
Kurassavsky vatochnik, or Asclepias curassavica

Content:

  • Indoor relative of garden asklepias
  • Caring for the fleece at home
  • Transplantation of cotton wool and substrate
  • Diseases and pests of cotton wool
  • Reproduction of indoor cotton wool

Indoor relative of garden asklepias

Vatochniks (Asclepias) represent in room culture the Kutrovy family (Apocynaceae). In nature, Asklepias Kurassavsky is mainly distributed in subtropical and tropical climates, found in Africa and the Americas.

Few plants can boast such eloquent folk nicknames, indicating the original fruits and seeds. Asclepias are known both as gorse, and as gorse, and gorse, and as gorse grass. Even with the official name of the plant, there is a lot of confusion, because asklepias is just one of the variants of the botanical name transcription. The plant can be called asclepias and asclepia in equal measure.

At the mention of the Asklepias, or willows, the first to come to mind are the incomparably persistent and tenacious thickets of wild willows. And while this culture, which is widespread even in our nature, is actively tamed and transformed into a garden one, developing new forms and varieties, the status of this star plant for the landscape style of landscape design is undeniable.

Indoor asklepias, unlike garden vatniks, remain very rare. And although we are talking about just different species of this genus, these plants should not be confused with each other. If in the garden they grow mainly blood-red and Syrian willows, then a species that is almost not cultivated in open soil has found its new life in the room - the charming flowering Kurassavsky willow.

Milkweed kyurasavsky or asklepias kyurasavsky (Asclepias curassavica) - the only milkweed, which can be grown as pot plants. And the most spectacular flowering beauty. A semi-shrub with densely leafy, rather thin shoots, in the absence of formation, reaches a height of 70-80 cm. In case of any injury, it actively demonstrates the presence of lactose. Leaves bloom from the bottom of the shoots, are opposite, create a beautiful massive crown.

The leaves grow up to 12 cm in length, the petioles are short. Lanceolate leaves sit densely, stand out not so much in shape as in bright concave veins and a rich tone of dark green, herbaceous color. The light reverse side with an almost gray color does not detract from the beauty of the greenery.

The flowering of the fleece would last in the rooms all year round, but due to the reduction in the length of daylight in winter, the plant stops the flowering process and is forced into a state of relative dormancy. The inflorescences of this fleece are original. They bloom on the tops of the shoots, flaunting the density of the arrangement of stars-flowers in dense shields up to 10 cm in diameter. Bright, dark, orange or red petal-shaped stipules and a beautiful volumetric center give each flower a jewelery beauty.

From some distance flowering seems fluffy due to the delicate structure of flowers and their even distribution over the bushes. But up close one cannot help but be surprised at the elegance of individual flowers. The orange-yellow-red "fiery" palette of Asklepias of Curasavi contrasts perfectly with the bright herbaceous tone of the leaves. The strong aroma that attracts rare species of butterflies and crowds of insects in the garden further enhances the impression of the beauty of the cottonwood.

Kurasavskiy vatochnik can be used as a garden summer or a garden potted plant. When placing it on the balcony or in the garden, it should be borne in mind that the massive attention of insects can significantly spoil the rest, therefore, it is better to place the cotton wool where the frequent visits of all types of useful (and not so) guests will not interfere with the owners of this plant.

But even when grown in a room, it should be borne in mind that vatniks are large perennials, which are closer in size to tub soloists than to ordinary indoor crops. They need to be provided with sufficient free space and take into account that they take up a lot of space and are not suitable for small rooms.

Asclepias juice contains strong irritants. You need to work with the plant carefully, with full protection of the skin and mucous membranes.

Kurasavskiy vatochnik in room culture
Kurasavskiy vatochnik in room culture

Caring for the fleece at home

Despite the fact that the Asclepias are primarily associated with garden plants, in the rooms the charming Kurasavski cottonweed reveals the true beauty of these amazing plants. In room culture, vatniks are neither perennials nor annuals: they can bloom for more than one year, but they quickly degenerate and need to be periodically replaced with new bushes. Fragility is the only serious drawback of a plant that is undemanding to temperatures and care.

Lighting for cotton wool

In room culture for this plant, it is worth choosing the brightest, sunny windowsills. Vatochnik grows well in diffused lighting, but it reaches its maximum decorative effect only on the southern windows. He practically does not notice artificial lighting, asclepias needs good natural lighting.

The plant needs bright lighting throughout the year. For the winter, the Asklepias are moved to the brightest places on the southern windowsills.

Comfortable temperature

The endurance of willow weeds is fully manifested in the fact that the plant perfectly adapts to any temperature during the active growing season. There is no need to create any special regimes of keeping for cotton wool: the plant will feel great in any warm room, it is not afraid of heat, but does not like temperature changes. The minimum allowable air temperature for asklepias from spring to autumn is 18 degrees.

The winter maintenance regime is selected from among cool or moderately room indicators. The minimum temperature at which Asklepias feels well is 13 degrees Celsius. Wintering at 15-18 degrees is considered optimal. If the temperature rises higher, the plant requires a corresponding increase in air humidity. But in general, it winters well even in normal room conditions.

Watering cotton wool and air humidity

In indoor culture, this plant retains not only the drought resistance of its garden counterparts, but also their dislike of dampness. Any excessive watering, not to mention waterlogging of the substrate, for this plant can cause death. The Asklepias are watered carefully even in the midst of flowering. Between waterings, the potted substrate should dry out partially. Soil moisture should be stable throughout the flowering period. When it stops, the plant is transferred to winter mode, but soil moisture is not greatly reduced, preventing the substrate from drying out completely, simply by reducing watering in comparison with summer care.

For asclepias, you need to carefully monitor the quality of the water. It should be not only soft in characteristics, but also warmer than the air in the room. Watering with cold water can cause flowering to stop or a health problem for your indoor wadder.

Despite the fact that asklepias is actually an open field plant, it loves high humidity in the indoor format. There is no need to grow it in closed windows or with constantly working humidifiers. It is enough to introduce spraying into the maintenance program during periods when the air becomes drier. The more often the leaves are sprayed, the more attractive the greens will look. When spraying, it is worth making sure that during flowering, drops of water do not fall on the inflorescences. Be sure to spray during the heating season, during warm wintering and on hot summer days.

Cultivation of Kurasavskiy vatnik in a pot, at home
Cultivation of Kurasavskiy vatnik in a pot, at home

Fertilizing the fleece

Subject to annual transplantation and the use of very fertile substrates, fertilizing for the plant can be omitted. But the greatest lushness of the asklepias is achieved with regular fertilization during the entire flowering period. Asklepias bloom and develop actively, for them standard feeding is carried out with a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks. During the dormant period, and preferably during the entire period of reducing the duration of daylight hours from autumn to winter, it is advisable not to feed.

Pruning and rejuvenation of cotton wool

Asclepias grow in dense bushes and naturally look quite compact and luxuriant. But indoor plants are prone to degeneration, stretching, sloppy appearance. In order to maintain the density and beauty of the bushes, it is recommended to prune the cotton wool every spring, after transplanting. Pruning is done to achieve the desired shape and size of the bush by simply controlling the size of the plant. The more the shoots are stretched, the shorter the "hemp" can be left.

Even with an annual haircut, asklepias quickly loses its decorative effect, the shoots become rough, the flowering worsens. As soon as the plant begins to look neglected and does not regain its density and splendor after pruning, it is worth rooting the cuttings or growing a replacement for it by other methods.

Transplantation of cotton wool and substrate

Like any other houseplant, it is better to replant asklepias only in spring, at the very beginning of the stage of active development. It is better to navigate for this perennial by the length of daylight hours: as soon as the sun warms up in the spring and the lighting improves, you can transplant the asklepias into a new container.

The plant does not need an annual transplant. Like any herbaceous perennial that has adapted to the conditions of a limited amount of soil, potted wart is grown in one container as long as there is free soil. Only when the plant has completely mastered all the available soil space can it be transplanted into a new container. In years when there is no need to change the container, they simply replace the top layer of the substrate.

For indoor asclepias, it is advisable to select large, spacious containers. The diameter of the pot is increased by 4-5 cm compared to the previous container.

For Asklepias, the main characteristic of the soil is nutritional value. The plant develops well in any universal loose soil mixture, both in purchased and independently mixed substrates. For a plant, you can make a simple mixture of equal parts of sod and leafy soil, adding half the parts of humus, sand and peat.

Vatochniks are not transplanted, but transferred without destroying the earthen coma and removing freely crumbling soil.

Kurasavsky vatochnik in a pot
Kurasavsky vatochnik in a pot

Diseases and pests of cotton wool

Vatochniks, even in indoor crops, are amazingly stable. In very dry air and in hot conditions, they can suffer from spider mites, and when the soil is swamped, from rot. The last problem needs to be dealt with with an emergency transplant and adjustment of care, but with ticks it is easy to cope with insecticide treatment and an increase in air humidity.

Common growing problems:

  • shedding leaves when the substrate dries up;
  • drying of peduncles, stopping flowering with improper watering.
Divided and pruned bush of Kurasavskogo, transplanted into a pot
Divided and pruned bush of Kurasavskogo, transplanted into a pot

Reproduction of indoor cotton wool

You can also grow your own potted cotton wool from seeds, and using a much more complex method of grafting. True, difficulties arise not in rooting methods, but due to the release of milky juice and the need to devote time to drying the sections. Cuttings are rooted in an ordinary sand-peat substrate, under a hood at a temperature of 21 degrees Celsius. Plants are planted immediately after rooting.

Seeds of Kurasavskogo cotton wool do not require preliminary processing. The best sowing dates are March and April. Sowing is carried out in a sandy-peat mixture or soil, consisting of equal parts of the usual substrate for seedlings and sand. The substrate is intensively moistened before sowing. Sowing is carried out superficially, covering the seeds with 1-2 mm of sand from above. For germination, the containers are covered with glass or foil, removing them daily for airing.

Seeds germinate in a month, but unevenly, sometimes the last shoots have to wait up to 3 months. Seedlings dive into small containers one at a time, as soon as a pair of true leaves appears on the plants. Already at the stage of young plants, to thicken it is worth pinching the tops of the shoots. The vatnik grown from seeds will bloom the next year, and under favorable conditions - 5-6 months after sowing in the current year (garden species of vatnik bloom only in the third or fourth year).

Powerful vatnik bushes can be divided into 2-4 divisions and planted each as an independent plant. To preserve decorativeness, pruning is immediately carried out on the parcels, before adaptation and the beginning of active growth, they provide increased air humidity, cool conditions and moderate watering.

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