Argemona Is A Reliable Competitor To Poppy And Anemone. Types, Varieties, Cultivation. Photo

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Argemona Is A Reliable Competitor To Poppy And Anemone. Types, Varieties, Cultivation. Photo
Argemona Is A Reliable Competitor To Poppy And Anemone. Types, Varieties, Cultivation. Photo

Video: Argemona Is A Reliable Competitor To Poppy And Anemone. Types, Varieties, Cultivation. Photo

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Video: Top 10 Sea Anemones 2023, January

Touching garden anemones and poppies are plants similar in flowering type. Despite the fact that they are present on the garden scene for a limited time, and even after flowering, the foliage rather spoils than decorates the ensembles, they are still ranked among the most popular garden crops today. And here is another plant, similar to poppy in flowering, argemona is found to be offensively rare. Meanwhile, it is argemona that is the most talented annual plant with quivering calyxes. Her leaves are luxurious, and the flowering lasts a long time, and the aroma cannot be called anything other than unique. And this is not to mention the variety of species and varieties, ease of cultivation and excellent melliferous qualities! Argemon is so good that it's hard not to fall in love with her.

Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)
Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)


  • Getting to know the prickly but very friendly Argemon
  • Types and varieties of argemona
  • Argemon growing strategy
  • Conditions necessary for argemon in the garden
  • Argemon planting
  • Argemon care rules
  • Reproduction of argemon

Getting to know the prickly but very friendly Argemon

Argemon appeared in Europe only in the 19th century. But over two centuries they managed to win the title of a very special plant, which has no analogues in modern landscape design. Daring, beautifully flowering, with original foliage, the argemon offer to add a play of textures, colors and effects to the compositions. They immediately attract attention and just can't help but like them. Indeed, for every gardener, the argemona has its own talent.

Argemona (Argemone) - a charming plant is large and inaccessible, representing the family of the poppy. In height, argemones reach at least 45 cm, and the best varieties and species, in favorable conditions, even direct the peduncles to a meter height. Its foliage seems elegant, if not ceremonial. And despite the fact that you cannot touch the plant, it will surely become one of the most original spots in your flower beds and flower beds. The very attractive, bluish leaves of Argemona are thorny, tough and have one of the most striking "metallic" effects. Their texture, lace pattern, density can compete with any perennial. And foliage is considered no less pride of Argemon than flowering.

And the inflorescences of this plant are really no less striking. Outwardly similar to poppies, they are similar in trepidation to anemones. After all, argemona flowers react to the slightest movement of air, are constantly in motion and seem surprisingly tender against the background of such coarse thorny leaves. The contrast of translucent and quivering petals and metallic thorns of greenery brings the image of an argemon to perfection. All decorative argemon have very large inflorescences.

You will not find such a fragrance as that of an argemon in any other garden plant. Not the strongest, but unusually sweet, it is so enchanting that all honey plants and butterflies flock to appreciate its originality.

An important "trump card" of the argemon is the duration of flowering. It lasts literally until the very frosts, and not the first frosts, because argemona is not afraid of not only spring, but also autumn frosts and sometimes continues to bloom even when the temperature drops to -10 at night (provided a warm day). Starting at the beginning or middle of summer, the flowering of the argemona, both in abundance and in tirelessness, is able to compete even with the recognized kings of the ampel.

The only thing that argemona will yield to competitors is a variety of colors. The color range of this plant is limited to delicate, pastel variations of white, cream and yellow. Argemon with lilac-purple color are less common, and even then the representatives of the genus with brighter flowers belong only to the widest prickly argemon.

Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)
Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)

Types and varieties of argemona

Argemon are far from boring plants in terms of species diversity. The genus of these plants includes more than two dozen perennial plants, but only 4 species are used in ornamental gardening:

  • wide argemon;
  • large-flowered argemon;
  • argemon white;
  • argemona mexican.

They are united by amazingly beautiful, in varying degrees prickly greenery and large inflorescences that bloom tirelessly until the very frost. Despite the fact that any argemona is a perennial, it is grown more often as an annual crop.

Argemona grandiflora (Argemone grandiflora) - a compact and relatively tender plant. This is the least prickly Argemon species that should not be contacted anyway. The bushes are dense, the shoots are cut in half, decorated with white veins, which surprisingly well emphasize the metallic sheen of the leaves. Reaching a height of only half a meter, large-flowered argemona seems to be a touching and watercolor plant. Its flowers reach almost 10 cm in diameter, their color is delicate, pastel cream or white, with a light green tint inside the calyx. The effect of the extraordinary luminous bloom is enhanced by the fact that the flowers are close together and blossom in loose inflorescences. It is very easy to recognize this argemon by the yellow sap that the plant produces on the slices.

Argemone grandiflora (Argemone grandiflora)
Argemone grandiflora (Argemone grandiflora)

Despite the fact that the wide argemon (Argemone platyceras) is the most prickly of the argemon, it is she who is called the most quivering and touching. Plants up to only 45 cm in height branch densely and release a mass of stunningly beautiful gray leaves, against which 10-11 cm flowers seem to be luminous saucers. Snow-white and slightly "crumpled" petals, sensitively reacting to any breath, yellow stamens on red "threads" and a purple pistil - everything in this argemon is unusual. In addition to the basic form, there is also a wide variety of argemon with a lilac-pink color.

Argemon white (Argemone alba) is the most powerful representative of the genus. This plant seems to be more wild, exuberant than the rest of the argemon. Reaching a height of 70 cm to 1 meter, the plant forms a dense and lush mass of branching shoots at the top, strewn with gray thorny leaves. Flowers in this species are cupped, large, up to 6 cm in diameter and are only white in color. Abundant flowering begins in late June.

Unlike argemona white, Mexican poppy, or argemona Mexican (Argemone Mexicana) is a rather modest plant. Bushes grow up to only 30-40 cm, leaves and stems are covered with a gray waxy bloom. The plant is very thorny, and the thorns are located both below the leaves, and on the sepals, and on the stems. This is a yellow-flowering anemone, with large, up to 5 cm in diameter, flowers of light or intense yellow color. The Mexican argemona blooms only with the arrival of July.

Argemone Mexican, or Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana)
Argemone Mexican, or Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana)
Argemon white (Argemone alba)
Argemon white (Argemone alba)
Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)
Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)

In landscape design, argemona is used:

  • as a soloist for decorating lawns, meadows, filling slopes, decorating support walls (especially in large spots);
  • to decorate rocky gardens - both in rockeries and on alpine hills;

    to fill voids and bald spots, quickly plant unattractive areas of the garden (in particular, with unfavorably dry or poor soil);

  • in wide ridges or as a point decoration on mixborders;
  • as a powerful honey plant;
  • as a cutting plant: unlike poppy and anemones, argemona will stay in bouquets for more than a week (after cutting, the ends of the shoots must be burned or dipped in boiling water).

Argemon growing strategy

It is far from easy to decide whether this is an annual or perennial culture. Argemona is grown mainly as an annual plant, even in warm regions, and its flowering time is similar precisely to annual plants. Despite the fact that the argemona is quite cold-resistant, it will not be able to winter in the middle zone. And even in a potted culture, its flowering lasts a long time, the plant is prone to rapid degeneration and, as a rule, does not bloom at all in the following years. It is better to treat the argemon exactly as a summer man. Growing it is amazingly simple, it does not take away even the smallest planting effort. And it is better to sow new plants every year without worrying about preserving old ones.

Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)
Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras)

Conditions necessary for argemon in the garden

Finding a comfortable place in the garden for the argemon is as easy as shelling pears. After all, a plant has strict requirements for only one parameter - lighting. This is a light-loving annual, which blooms the more massively, the more sunny it is. The Argemon are absolutely not afraid of drafts, winds, or the most draining southern slopes.

As for the soil, you can grow argemon literally on any soil - from high-quality to poor, stony, sandy. It is believed that argemona is capable of blooming even on uncultivated soil. But the choice of soil directly affects the care required by the plant. If you don't want to take care of argemon at all, plant them only on well-drained soil with high fertility rates.

For the poor, feeding will have to be included in the care program. But since they will need to be carried out for a limited period, only a month or two, even the poorest soil in rockeries will not cause the plant to be capricious and will not burden your gardening calendar too much. But one characteristic of the soil should be paid increased attention: argemon does not tolerate waterlogging. Never plant the plant in lowlands, crevasses and ravines, or in soil where there is even the slightest risk of stagnant rainwater or high groundwater levels.

Argemona is almost the only one who is not sensitive to temperature extremes. She is not afraid of late spring frosts even at a young age, does not suffer from sudden changes between day and night temperatures. And in the fall, when all the other annuals fearfully stop flowering, the argemon will hold on firmly until the frosts themselves. After all, the first frosts and slight nighttime temperature drops below 0 are not at all afraid of her. And in order for blooming argemon to show off flowers, they will not need to be protected.

Spiny Mountain Poppy (Argemone chisosensis)
Spiny Mountain Poppy (Argemone chisosensis)

Argemon planting

Thanks to the very simple agricultural technology of crops, it is not harder to grow argemones than ordinary garden perennials. Not a single summer grower will be able to compete with her in this parameter, this is the most unpretentious and grateful seasonal plant.

All the specificity of agricultural technology is determined by the extreme sensitivity of argemona to transplantation. The roots of the plant not only cannot be disturbed: even an earthen clod along the edges of the containers of growing seedlings should in no case be damaged. That is why argemona is rarely planted on seedlings, preferring a more productive and simple method of sowing seeds directly into the soil.

At the same time, the seeds of a plant should be treated in fact as seedlings, sowing them not in rows or in bulk, but in holes in which they will grow. At the site of cultivation, you should carefully dig up and loosen the soil, if you want to simplify the care - add mineral and organic fertilizers to it. Then, with a knife or by hand, create small holes, place seeds (2-4 seeds each) in them, covering them with 1.5 cm of soil on top.

If you nevertheless decide to use seedlings (by growing it yourself or buying it), remember that when planting an argemon, you cannot even partially touch the earthen ball. The most sensible option is seedlings in peat pots, which will allow you not to touch the substrate at all. Seedlings are planted in small individual pits, with the obligatory abundant watering. The optimal time is May.

The distance to neighboring plants and between argemon should be the same. Both when planting seedlings and when sowing seeds in the ground, the recommended distance is 30 cm.

Argemone Mexican, or Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana)
Argemone Mexican, or Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana)

Argemon care rules

Argemon are practically not required to care. Only plants that grow on poor soils need more attention, but the care of such specimens cannot be called anything other than minimal.

Argemon do not need watering. But if you want to achieve impressive flowering, to watch how not 2-3 flowers bloom on a bush, but dozens of luxurious inflorescences, then provide argemon with watering during a drought. They should be infrequent, moderate enough, just not allowing the soil to dry out for too long. Argemona does not tolerate systemic, regular and abundant watering. This plant is very afraid of getting wet, any waterlogging. And too active watering can literally ruin your argemon.

Top dressing is applied only on depleted soil. From the moment of thinning the seedlings or planting seedlings in the soil, argemon should receive a portion of full mineral fertilizers every 2 weeks (nitrophoska is perfect). But you need to continue such feeding only before flowering begins. As soon as at least one flower blooms on the argemon, you can forget about careful care, and stop feeding completely. No more procedure is needed even to stimulate a longer flowering: the argemon will bloom until frost anyway.

These are all the procedures that can be carried out with the plant. Due to the thorniness of the leaves, even large-flowered argemon, a relatively delicate look, is not recommended to be touched. Specific greenery makes it impossible and unnecessary and weeding, and mulching the soil, and its loosening. It is also not necessary to "clean" the argemon, because the plant sheds withered flowers on its own. And do not even remove the bushes before winter: there will be no trace of argemona in the spring.

This plant is not afraid of either pests or diseases. And even if it grows in a totally infected flowerbed, the argemon itself will not suffer. All that can destroy the plant is too loving care, including constant overflow.

Argemon protected, or Chikalote, or Thorny Poppy (Argemone munita)
Argemon protected, or Chikalote, or Thorny Poppy (Argemone munita)

Reproduction of argemon

For this plant there is only one method of reproduction - seed. True, the strategies can be different:

  1. Outdoor cultivation is the most popular and productive method. Seeds are sown in April-May, placing 3-5 seeds in one hole (and not in ridges) and embedding them in the soil to a depth of about one and a half centimeters (after the emergence of seedlings, they are thinned out);
  2. Growing through seedlings is not very welcome, because the Argemon does not like the plants to disturb and the seedlings will need to be grown in small peat pots. Seeds are also sown in several pieces at once in containers in which they will grow, and the seedlings are transferred to the ground along with the entire mass of the earthen clod and the peat pot in May. It is better to germinate seeds under a film, while bright lighting is a mandatory parameter. If you want to use the classic technique, then dive the argemon at the cotyledon stage, until full leaves are formed.

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