Argirantemum Is A Shrub With Super-abundant Flowering. Chrysanthemum Daisy. Planting And Leaving. Growing. Photo

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Argirantemum Is A Shrub With Super-abundant Flowering. Chrysanthemum Daisy. Planting And Leaving. Growing. Photo
Argirantemum Is A Shrub With Super-abundant Flowering. Chrysanthemum Daisy. Planting And Leaving. Growing. Photo

Video: Argirantemum Is A Shrub With Super-abundant Flowering. Chrysanthemum Daisy. Planting And Leaving. Growing. Photo

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Cultivated in regions with harsh winters only as an annual plant, Argirantemum is one of the most abundant horticultural crops. This large, almost gigantic summer plant looks like a full-fledged shrub and is most often grown in containers. Delightful bloom, lasting from July to the autumn cold, allows you to admire the scattering of classic chamomile baskets with a bright yellow core. It is not so easy to grow argyranthemum, but only relatives - potted chrysanthemums - can compete with it in the beauty of flowering.

Argyrantemum mix
Argyrantemum mix

Extraordinary characteristics of an annual argiranthemum

Argiranthemums are better known as daisy chrysanthemums. Previously, these plants were ranked as a common genus with all chrysanthemums, but thanks to active selection and research, today they are considered as an independent genus, including more than 20 plant species.

Argirantemum shrub is the most popular species native to the Canary Islands. The popular nickname of argyranthemum - "chamomile" in our country and "Parisian chamomile" in Europe - describes its flowering as well as possible.

Argiranthemum develops in the form of a wide bush with a height of 30 cm to 1 meter. A pillow of leaves and shoots seems lush, solid, surprisingly delicate. The cirrus-dissected leaves of this annual are distinguished by a silvery or surprisingly bright green color. They are collected in a lush root rosette. Inflorescences appear in July, at the tops of the branches. They are very similar to chamomile in argiranthemum both in shape and in color palette. Bright yellow flowers form the center, and reed flowers in one or more rows create a beautiful shining halo. Argiranthemum sometimes has a shortened row of ligulate flowers in the center of the flower, which brings it closer to the anemone.

The color palette of Argiranthemum includes white, pale cream, yellow, pink, apricot colors. Usually the colors are presented in the most delicate, light shades, close to white.

Argyranthemum shrub, shrub chrysanthemum (Argyranthemum frutescens)
Argyranthemum shrub, shrub chrysanthemum (Argyranthemum frutescens)

Use in garden decoration

Argiranthemum is grown here as a classic container annual or as a large annual shrub that can add spectacular accents to any garden composition.

It is good both on flower beds and in flower beds, where it places bright color spots. But Argirantemum reveals its qualities most fully when grown in containers. It can be placed as a guard at the entrance to the house or on the terrace, decorate the potted garden, create a special atmosphere in the resting corner. Argiranthemum in pots also looks great when placed in a flower bed to enhance the effect of abundance. Thanks to the acceleration of growth, potted argyrantemums are already on sale from spring and they can decorate the garden until the very first frosts. In order for the bushes to be super dense and appear to be a head, they are often treated with growth inhibitors.

The flowering of argiranthemum, which looks like a continuous cloud of chamomiles, is increasingly used for boles: on a high leg, argirantemum will eclipse even roses.

The best varieties of argyranthemum shrub include:

  • blue-blue greens of the Dana variety, up to only 30 cm high, developing in the form of a wide pillow with surprisingly touching inflorescences;
  • cherry or pink argiranthemum of the Madeira cultivar;
  • the variety group " LaRita " with white, light green and peach colors;
  • variety " Sweety " about 70 cm high with very bright, almost flashy greenery and light pink inflorescences, which have an additional decoration in the form of a snow-white ring around the yellow tubular flowers in the center of the baskets;
  • pale pink half-meter grade " Flamingo ".

In addition to argyranthemum shrub, you should also pay attention to:

  • bright yellow Argirantemum madersky (Argyranthemum maderense);
  • with dill-like Argirantemum fenhelevidny (Argyranthemum foeniculaceum);
  • Argiranthemum pinnately divided (pinnately incised) sub. succulent (Argyranthemum pinnatifidum ssp. succulentum), which stands out for its drought resistance;
  • with yarrow-like foliage of Argirantemum Lems, etc.
Argiranthemum pinnately divided sub. succulent (Argyranthemum pinnatifidum ssp. succulentum)
Argiranthemum pinnately divided sub. succulent (Argyranthemum pinnatifidum ssp. succulentum)
Argyranthemum fennel-shaped (Argyranthemum foeniculaceum)
Argyranthemum fennel-shaped (Argyranthemum foeniculaceum)
Argyranthemum maderense
Argyranthemum maderense

Conditions comfortable for argyrantemum

The habits of this summer are quite specific. Argirantemum loves coolness and stable warmth, but does not welcome heat. It is difficult to recreate uniform growing conditions for it, and even greenhouses are not suitable, because argirantemum in them suffers from other factors - too bright lighting and stagnant air.

When choosing lighting for an argyranthemum, try to find a location with good, diffused lighting, but no direct sunlight. These cultures do not like shading, but they are not afraid of drafts.

Choose your soil carefully. Only light, drained, well-letting water and excluding even a minimal risk of its stagnation are suitable for argiranthemum. In addition, this plant can bloom profusely only in very nutritious soil. Acidity is also important: neutral, slightly acidic or acidic soils are suitable for argiranthemum. It is best to choose loam for this plant. For container plants, choose flowering substrates or multi-purpose earth mixes.

Argiranthemum in a tub
Argiranthemum in a tub

Planting argyranthemum

This plant should be transferred to open ground as soon as the threat of night frosts disappears. The same principle "works" for potted argirantemums: the sooner it is exposed to familiar conditions, the better. Planting should be done carefully, without injuring the rhizomes, while maintaining the usual level of deepening. The first weeks of watering should be intense.

Watering for argyrantemum

This point of departure is the most difficult. Argirantemum does not like even the slightest waterlogging, but at the same time it requires not just frequent, but systemic watering. The soil should be constantly slightly moist; during a drought, it is impossible to delay watering.

Top dressing for argyrantemum

This plant produces an unthinkable number of inflorescences, and even in the most nutritious soil without top dressing, argirantemum can simply die from exhaustion. In order to enjoy the beauty of the plants, you should apply full mineral fertilizers 2-3 times per season for argyrantemum growing in the open field and every week, starting from the budding stage, feed the potted plants.

Argirantemum, variety Bright Carmine
Argirantemum, variety Bright Carmine

Pruning argyranthemum

Argyrantemum will bloom profusely even when wilted inflorescences begin to spoil its attractive appearance. But the lack of cutting will necessarily affect the duration of flowering. In this summer, wilted inflorescences must be removed from the bushes in a timely manner (of course, if you want the argiranthemum to bloom before the cold weather arrives).

Argirantemums are real harbingers of the first frost. They seem to anticipate the first cold weather and begin to fade even before they arrive. Completely remove and destroy the plant immediately after the dying process begins.

If you want to maintain a compact form of growth, create dense, neat cushions, then pinch the tips of the branches and thereby form the crown.

Diseases and pests

Argiranthemums are often affected by powdery mildew, but they are vulnerable to it only in autumn. At the first signs of disease, the plants must be dug up and destroyed without delay.

Reproduction of argyranthemum

This summer plant is propagated both by cuttings and by seeds.

Argiranthemum seeds germinate under standard conditions, provided that they are sown in early spring under glass or film. Young plants can be planted in containers as they grow, and they are transferred to open ground only with the disappearance of the last night frosts.

Argiranthemum, cultivar Summer melody
Argiranthemum, cultivar Summer melody

Cutting best of all preserves the varietal characteristics of the plant and allows you to get large bushes faster. Cuttings are cut in late summer or spring, keeping the mother plants in a bright, cool place until next year, when more quality rooting cuttings can be cut. When grafting in summer, young plants need to be grown indoors before the arrival of heat, often with backlighting, therefore, it is the mother plants that are most often preserved.

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