Modest And Watercolor Dolls, Or Agrostemmas. Growing, Planting, Care. Photo

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Modest And Watercolor Dolls, Or Agrostemmas. Growing, Planting, Care. Photo
Modest And Watercolor Dolls, Or Agrostemmas. Growing, Planting, Care. Photo
Video: Modest And Watercolor Dolls, Or Agrostemmas. Growing, Planting, Care. Photo
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In touching cuteness and modest simplicity, the feeling that the plant was transferred to the garden from old postcards, only the periwinkle can be compared with the doll. This plant, seeming both old-fashioned and surprisingly picturesque, conquers with airy lightness and elegance. A clean palette of watercolors, with a transition from white throat to pink corolla, airy-looking curtains are created for massive groups and large spots. This is a plant that will only attract the company of fellows. But it is not easy to overshadow him in romance.

Common doll, or Sowing doll, or Common Agrostemma (Agrostemma githago)
Common doll, or Sowing doll, or Common Agrostemma (Agrostemma githago)

Content:

  • A touching and lush agrostemma
  • Types and varieties of agrostemma
  • The use of agrostemma in ornamental gardening
  • Conditions necessary for agrostemm
  • Features of care for agrostemma
  • Pest and disease control
  • Growing agrostemma from seeds

A touching and lush agrostemma

The plant, better known in our country as the cockle, is grown all over the world under the "legitimate" botanical name of agrostemma. Translated from Greek, it sounds like a "wreath of the field." And the touching elegance, elegance of the doll is the best match for this name.

At first glance, the doll can be ranked among the most beautifully flowering annual plants. Agrostemms are by no means modest in height: reaching 50 cm, all dolls can boast rather lush curtains. But at the same time, even large species and varieties, about 80 cm in height, are perceived as light, delicate and airy. The secret of this effect lies in the details.

The bushes of the cockle branch strongly, but the thin shoots do not seem massive, and the narrow, pubescent, oppositely sessile leaves are almost invisible. Lacy, graphic, graceful plant with its greenery is in perfect harmony with flowering. In the effect of quivering flowers floating in the air, only another year can be compared to a doll - cosmeya.

The pupae flowers are very large. Reaching a diameter of 2-5 cm, they stand out for their perfectly regular shape and soft color transitions. Externally, the flowers of the agrostemma are similar to phlox, but their single location immediately sweeps aside any suspicions of kinship with the legendary garden perennial. Due to the fact that the flowers are located at the ends of the shoots, they seem to be floating in the air, and the whole bush looks like a weightless grayish mass strewn with watercolor flowers.

The start of the colorful parade of flowering dolls begins only in the second half of June. But this spectacle is so impressive that it easily overshadows even the abundance of petunias, continuing until the end of summer. Dolls offer to admire the sun-dependent flowers, which "wake up" early in the morning and close again in the afternoon.

The color range of the doll is limited. It includes only two base colors - white and raspberry pink. But you can't call agrostemma boring. Their appearance never gets boring, and colors always seem especially bright and fresh.

Dolls are poisonous plants. When working with them, it is better to use gloves to protect your hands and wash your skin thoroughly in order to remove the slightest trace of juice.

Common doll, or common Agrostemma
Common doll, or common Agrostemma

Types and varieties of agrostemma

There are only three plant species in the genus Agrostema. Moreover, one of them, formerly known as the "heavenly rose" agrostemma, is now classified as belonging to the genus of completely different cultures - the Silene coeli-rosa. This plant is outwardly similar to dolls, but still the requirements for growing conditions, and its care are different.

The most popular types of dolls are:

The graceful doll, or the graceful agrostemma (formerly known under the botanical name agrostemma gracile and gracilis, and today re-qualified as agrostemma brachyloba) is a charming half-meter annual. The light pink, watercolor flowers of this Sicilian have an almost white center, perfectly symmetrical in shape, with five rounded petals, reminiscent of phlox flowers.

Due to the dense branching, it seems that the flowers are not single, but are located in loose inflorescences, but in fact, like all pupae, they sit on the tops of the shoots one by one. Agrostemma graceful blooms from mid-July to September, opening flowers in the morning and closing in the afternoon. In cut, this species can stand for a week.

Agrostemma ordinary, also known under the name of cockle seed (agrostemma githago) - a plant which can be grown as annuals, and as a biennial. In height, the common cockle is also limited to half a meter, is quite aggressive and can spread like a weed in the company of grain crops. Densely branched shoots with gray narrow leaves covered with a felt edge gracefully emphasize single flowers.

In the basic form, the diameter of the flower is limited to 2 cm, in varieties it can reach 5 cm. Flowers sit on long pedicels, bloom not only at the tops of the shoots, but also in the leaf axils. The color of the flowers is light or dark purple, sometimes pink, in addition to the light center, dark veins on the petals are well visible. Sowing cockle blooms more often closer to July, flowers also close in the afternoon and bloom in the morning.

In addition to the basic form, several varieties are distinguished in the ordinary agrostemma:

  • lilac, large-flowered variety "Milas" with gray foliage;
  • dark lilac, more intense in color variety 'Milas Serise'
  • variety with a pink-raspberry color 'Milas Pinky'
  • snow-white agrostemma variety 'Ocean Pearl'.
Common doll, or Agrostemma common 'Ocean Pearl'
Common doll, or Agrostemma common 'Ocean Pearl'

The use of agrostemma in ornamental gardening

In order for the cockle to become a star in your summer collection, it must be placed not one by one, but in groups. And the larger they are, the better, the more spectacular the cockle will look. The combination of airiness and soft watercolors of the plant is revealed only when, even in mixed plantings, the agrostemma creates beautiful texture spots.

Agrostemma looks great:

  • large single groups on lawns or meadows from ground cover;
  • large spots in the foreground and middle ground of mixed flower beds.
  • in containers and pots (the plant will need support).

Kukoli can also be grown as a cut crop. After cutting, agrostemma flowers stand in bouquets for a very long time

The best partners for agrostemma are kaleria, shaker, forget-me-not, marigolds, calendula, fescue. This plant reveals better when combined with plants that will help emphasize the airiness of the pupa. That is why agrostemma is so good in a company with constantly in motion cereal grasses, against which the pupae flutter like fluttering butterflies.

Agrostemma
Agrostemma

Conditions necessary for agrostemm

Agrostemma cannot stand even the slightest shading. This plant only needs sunny places, because even light shading, diffused light can cause a violation of the growth form in the form of stretching of shoots and the absence of normal flowering. But on the other hand, the cockle will not be afraid of drafts, winds, and even quite cold areas.

Moreover: it is better to grow this plant in windy places, because the agrostemma's ability to flutter under the air currents is unique and the spectacle of gracefully fluttering flowers already soaring in zero gravity is worth admiring in full. High varieties of cockle in the wind need support.

The soil for the doll is not suitable for any. Agrostemma feels good only on fertile, light-textured soil. A critical parameter for this plant is good drainage. Dolls do not tolerate waterlogging in any form, so it is better not to ignore the permeability of the soil. According to the reaction, calcareous soils are more suitable for agrostemme.

Features of care for agrostemma

Caring for dolls is not difficult. This plant will not need systemic procedures, but only a timely response to weather conditions.

The relative drought resistance of the agrostemma makes it possible to water the plants as rarely as the amount of precipitation allows. The procedures are best carried out only on the hottest days, in a prolonged drought. At the same time, a deep drink of the soil with moisture is more suitable for an agrostemma, and not frequent watering.

If you choose the right soil for agrostemma, then the plant will not need fertilizing. But even on depleted soil, it is not advisable to apply full mineral fertilizers: the cockle, with an excess of nutrients, increases greenery to the detriment of flowering.

For tall dolls, support may be needed. Since the shoots of the plant are thin and elongated, with an active wind, heavy precipitation, they easily lodge, bend towards the soil. And at the first sign of such a lodging, it is better to immediately tie the bushes to an easy support.

The most difficult thing in caring for a doll is to prevent aggressive self-seeding. This plant spreads very quickly, gives such abundant self-seeding that it is better to restrain it even in landscape compositions. Control is reduced to the removal of withered flowers and unripe achenes or the timely collection of seeds before they spill.

Agrostemma ordinary, or ordinary doll, or sowing doll (Agrostemma githago)
Agrostemma ordinary, or ordinary doll, or sowing doll (Agrostemma githago)

Pest and disease control

Dolls show amazing resistance and in the garden, with the correct selection of growing conditions, are invulnerable to both pests and diseases.

Growing agrostemma from seeds

Agrostemma is propagated exclusively by sowing seeds. The seedling method is not used for this plant, because the seeds germinate perfectly even when sown directly at the growing site. You can sow seeds:

  • in spring, in April or later (when the soil warms up to at least 12-15 degrees);
  • before winter, after the soil is slightly frozen.

For seed germination, they cannot be deeply buried in the ground. Spread the seeds in nests, 3-4 seeds side by side. When sowing in the spring, immediately after sowing, light watering begins, maintaining a stable soil moisture. As shoots appear, they need to be thinned out, leaving 1 plant for every 15 cm of soil.

Pre-winter sowing is carried out according to the standard technique, scattering seeds into the grooves, and after covering with soil, the plantings are mulched.

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