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Video: Plants For Reservoirs. List Of Plants For Ponds, Stream Banks With Names And Photos - Page 2 Of 6
1. Plants for the deep-water zone of the reservoir
Deep water is the area in the pond favored by very few plants. Only truly aquatic cultures that live in the water column and adorn it with luxurious leaves are able to settle here. This is the kingdom of water lilies, but not only with their help, you can arrange the most difficult area of the pond.
- The length of the zone: from a depth of 40 cm to the deepest point of the reservoir.
- Humidity level: stable, immersed environment.
- Dominant plants: floating and submersible.
Floating plants are the most decorative and showy inhabitants of the deep-sea zone. These are plants, the leaves of which mainly float, lie on the surface of the water. Such plants are planted in special baskets and then lowered to the bottom. These are large crops that need control and require large areas.
The second group of plants capable of settling in deep water is crops with submerged leaves. They actually float in the water column and absorb all the resources they need on the surface of stems and leaves, have a poorly developed rhizome, and sometimes do not form roots at all.
There is also a kind of transitional variant - crops that have two types of leaves.
Water lilies (Nymphaea) are the undisputed favorite of deep water design. The queen of water bodies settles at a depth of 40 cm to 1 m. Those who live in regions with a mild climate are able to appreciate the beauty of fifty different types of water lilies. However, in warm regions it is possible to grow both tropical water lilies and the legendary lotuses (Nelumbo) themselves, who love stable and long summers. And where winters are harsh, hybrids and varieties of white nymphea are mainly represented(Nymphaea alba). Simple white, touching pink, semi-double and double - water lily flowers are different. As well as the shape of the petals, giving them a resemblance to dahlias, peonies, lotuses. But the leaves of the queens of the ponds are easy to recognize: large, flat, they lie on the surface of the pond like large saucers. Among the water lilies there is not such a large group of dwarf varieties that are planted on the border between deep water and shallow water. Such plants are suitable for decorating even small ponds, even if they force you to constantly control their growth. But most varieties are medium and large vigorous water lilies, intended for ponds with a depth of 1 m or more.You need to choose a variety very carefully: all water lilies, without exception, grow quickly and are able to form thickets in a too shallow reservoir in which the leaves will protrude above the water,it is ugly to bend, close flowers and negatively affect the state of the water. Small water lilies are set at a depth of 20-40 cm, medium ones - 40-60 cm, and large ones - 60-80 cm. Among the water lilies there is a clear variation in endurance and stature: white water lilies are larger and stronger than the "colored" ones.
In addition to water lilies, other crops with floating leaves are also used in the design of the deep-sea zone:
- Yellow pod (Nuphar lutea) is an aquatic beauty that has both floating and underwater leaves, is well adapted to the middle lane and is often found in parks. Suitable only for large reservoirs, also grown in a container, adapts well to low temperatures. Large leaves are no less luxurious, but bright yellow inflorescences are more modest and smaller.
- P anunculus inundatus or aquatic buttercup (Ranunculus inundatus) with floating and underwater leaves, is a kind of transitional variant between two groups of plants for deep water. Carved leaves glow on the water surface, and touching snow-white flowers seem to be spring stars fallen on the water surface.
- Urut or Peristolis (Myriophyllum), forming a dense underwater lace of long, up to 1.5 m stems with deeply dissected filiform leaves.
- Vodokras ordinary (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae) is a spectacular plant with round small leaves that floats on the surface of the water and surprises with three-petal white-cream flowers. We know it as a frog.
- Floating water walnut, or Floating hornwort, or Chilim (Trapa natans) is an annual plant that forms rosettes of diamond-shaped leaves floating on the surface of the water with beautiful denticles along the edges.
- The "water hyacinth" eichornia is excellent (Eichhornia crassipes) - also forming floating rosettes of leaves, a plant in which swollen cuttings act like floats.
- Hornwort (Ceratophyllum) is a rootless plant whose appearance most closely resembles asparagus greens.
- The water star - bog (Callitriche), considered one of the most effective oxygen generators for the reservoir, is a spectacular plant whose star-shaped rosettes of small leaves float on the surface of the water.
- Swamp turcha (Hottonia palustris) is a graceful culture in which feathery leaves are submerged, and peduncles with loose spikelets of white asterisks of flowers rise above the water film.
- Highlander (Persicaria amphibia) is an aquatic form of a plant that transforms on the coast into a non-flowering aggressive culture. It is distinguished by narrow leaves floating on the surface and dense, as if fluffy pink spikelets of inflorescences.
- Common telores (Stratiotes aloides) is something similar to an aloe species, in which a rosette of leaves in the warm season floats half in the water, and in autumn it sinks to the bottom.
- Bog flower (Nymphoides peltata) - resembling a water lily in shape of leaves, but a small species with floating leaves, which has very beautiful yellow flowers with five pointed sepals seem simple and exquisite at the same time.
The continuation of the list of plants for different zones of the reservoir, see the next page
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