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Video: Growing Phlox In The Garden. Care, Planting, Transplanting, Reproduction. Photo
The genus of phlox is quite diverse and includes both annual and perennial plant species, as well as creeping and ampelous forms. Varieties of different types of phlox differ in the size and shape of the inflorescences. Also, phlox species have different periods and flowering times. Despite the fact that many growers consider phlox to be unpretentious plants, nevertheless, in order for the plants to please with lush flowering during the summer, it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances associated with proper care for them.
- Growing phlox
- Phlox care
One of the main ingredients for successful growth and long-lasting flowering is the right place for planting and the "right" soil. Phlox are light-loving plants, so choose well-lit areas of your garden for planting. In shady areas, plants can also be planted, but in such conditions the inflorescences will not be so lush, and flowering can come much later.
Phlox are not very demanding plants for the quality of the soil, but it is still noted that plants develop well on nutritious, loose, well-drained soils with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction.
Before planting, in about two weeks, you can cultivate and improve the composition of the soil by applying mineral or organic fertilizers.
Planting phlox in open ground
Plants are planted in pre-prepared planting pits, about 25-30 centimeters deep. The bottom of the pit is covered with a small layer of sand and drainage is laid, after which the root system of the plants is carefully distributed over the entire surface of the pit. Phlox can be planted throughout the growing season, but when planted in early spring, flowering may occur two to three weeks later.
It should also be remembered that in spring a very short planting term is only the first half of May. In autumn, plants are planted in early September, so that young seedlings can adapt to new conditions and have time to take root before the onset of the first frost. In autumn, we plant phlox with stems and leaves, cutting off only the faded top. Phlox planted during this period will definitely bloom next summer.
Phlox can be planted throughout the summer. To do this, the plants are carefully dug out with an earthen clod and, after planting in a new place, are watered very abundantly. It is also necessary to remove all the inflorescences in this case, so that all the forces of the plant are directed to rooting. The distance between plants should be within 50-60 centimeters from each other, while taking into account the size of the planting material and the plant variety.
Phlox can also be transplanted even in a flowering state, but this must be done carefully so as not to damage the root system of the plant. Overdrying of the roots of the plant should not be allowed, since the plant will take root worse in the new planting site, and in the future its development will slow down significantly. Until the plant takes root, which will take about two to three weeks of time, it is necessary to constantly maintain soil moisture.
Plant care is reduced to regular watering, pest control, timely watering and the introduction of complex fertilizers. Plants need feeding throughout the growing season, 5-7 feeding is carried out per season. Since in the second half of May begins a period of intensive growth and the formation of flower stalks of plants, it is best to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers as top dressing.
The first feeding of phlox with mineral fertilizers can be carried out as soon as the snow melts. Fertilizers can be applied both dry, in the form of granules or powder, or dissolved.
When the formation of buds begins, the plants are fed with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. The sufficient content of potassium in the soil contributes to a bright, rich and lush bloom of phlox.
The last fertilization is carried out after the plant has bloomed and the period of seed boll formation begins. During this period, phosphorus-potassium complex fertilizers are used as fertilizers. It is advisable to apply fertilizers in the evening, after abundant watering or rain.
Phlox are moisture-loving plants and are very sensitive to a lack of moisture, so do not forget about regular watering, especially in hot and dry periods. The soil must be shed to the full depth of the root system. Watering is best in the early morning or late evening.
In no case should you water phlox with too cold water on a hot day, this can lead to burns of the plant and cracking of the stem. It is also undesirable for water to fall on the lower leaves when watering.
Mulching is the most reliable and proven way to keep moisture in the soil. For mulching, you can use cut grass, tree bark, neutral peat or humus.
Before the onset of frost, around the second half of October, phlox should be pruned. The base of the bush and the soil around it must be treated with fungicidal preparations.