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Video: These Are Thorny Junipers. Features, Types, Care. Photo
2023 Author: Ava Durham | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:13
Modern landscape designs can hardly be imagined without juniper. These evergreen and unusual in shape plants have a varied color palette. And the best part is that they are unpretentious and resistant to cold weather or sudden heat.
Features of junipers
The people call the juniper differently. For some, this is juniper or northern cypress, others boast that heather grows on their site, in scientific circles the plant is called a miner. But, despite the variety of names, the juniper always remains a "native" and favorite decoration of gardens.
Plants have a number of features:
- it likes to grow near coal deposits;
- it has amazing fruits, which in the first year of ripening have a green color, and in the second year of life they acquire a black tint, with a characteristic blue tint;
- it has useful properties, therefore it is widely used for the manufacture of medicinal infusions;
- small birds like to build nests in the branches of plants.
If the wood is treated with infusion of juniper, it will protect it from decay and periodic insect infestations. The wood does not contain resin passages, therefore it lends itself well to polishing and processing. A unique plant is used to make various jewelry in the form of earrings, beads and bracelets.
Juniper is a thorny plant. Needles (needles) protect the tree from cats and large birds. In addition, they contain essential oils with a host of nutrients that effectively fight microbes.
Syrups, jelly, jelly and marmalade are made from the fruits of the plant. They are also added to meat and fish to enhance flavor and aroma.
Types of juniper and features of its cultivation
This unpretentious plant is resistant to frost and hot weather. Juniper is undemanding to the fertile qualities of the soil and its moisture. It tolerates soil salinity well.
There is an opinion that junipers hardly take root in a new place. However, numerous examples of gardeners prove that the plant feels good in the garden and does not require special fertilizers.
Before you decorate the garden with juniper, you should decide on its appearance. The plant can be large or small (dwarf), in the form of slender columns or lush bushes. All varieties of wood lend themselves well to shearing and are ideal for hedges.
The most popular and common types of juniper are:
- Virginian (Juniperus virginiana);
- Rocky (J. Scopulorum);
- Common (J. communis);
- Chinese (J. Chinensis);
- Cossack (J. Sabina);
- Medium (J. x media);
- Scaly (J. Squamata).
In order for the plant to take root well and quickly in a new place, it is necessary to take into account some points
- For planting, it is better to choose biennial seedlings, which should be purchased in April or September.
- Before planting the plant, it is advisable to add sawdust to the soil; you can add pine needles.
- A newly planted juniper requires a support, which is removed after a year.
- During the first two weeks, the seedling must be sprayed in the morning and evening.
- Throughout the season, the juniper should be watered and loosened.
- So that at the end of winter the plant does not suffer from the settling snow, a small canopy in the form of a hut should be installed over it.
Be very careful when pruning the plant as it grows slowly. You can propagate juniper by seed or cuttings.
The evergreen shrub belongs to the group of centenarians. If the plant is in favorable conditions, it can live from 600 to 3000 years.
Juniper is a symbol of life. It helps to eliminate various ailments and slows down the aging process in the body.
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