Table of contents:
6. Japanese grapes
Among the decorative species of grapes and its relatives, the primacy is usually given to the luxurious decorative deciduous maiden grapes with their carved foliage and gigantic dimensions. But today, a plant with no less spectacular foliage in the fall from eastern Asia is returning to fashion again.
Coigne grapes, also Kempfer grapes, or Japanese grapes, are one of the most powerful deciduous vines. Thin shoots cling to tendrils or twine around supports, are combined with not quite ordinary large leaves, the diameter of which can exceed 30 cm. The dark color of the upper side of the leaf plates is combined with the reddish or bluish color of the reverse side.
All the beauty of the leaves of Japanese grapes can only be appreciated in autumn, when the bright watercolor crimson reveals their texture and veining pattern. Short clusters of inflorescences are inconspicuous, but rather large black balls of berries adorn the liana, although they are hardly noticeable.
- Botanical Name: Vitis coignetiae
- Other names: Coigne grape, or Kempfer grape
- Liana height: from 4 to 8 m
- Creeper flowering period: May-June
One of the main advantages of Coigne grapes is its frost resistance, which allows it to be grown not only in the southern regions. But in order for the plant to reveal its beauty, it is worth choosing places protected from drafts and well-lit places for it: shading inhibits the growth of vines. The soil should be loose, not moist, and at least medium nutritious. Caring for this type of grape comes down to watering in a very long drought for young plants. Top dressing is not necessary, but in early spring, full mineral fertilizers will help the plant quickly fill the support allotted to it. The spread and direction of growth of the grapes is best controlled by pruning.
For a modern garden, Japanese grapes are used as an analogue of watercolor Japanese maples in vertical gardening. This liana is fully revealed in modern trends in landscape design and projects with a focus on unpretentious plants (in gardens, for which they want to simplify care), on textures and original solutions. But there is a place for the universal large liana in other areas of garden art.
Japanese grapes are most commonly used wherever maximum planting height is desired. It is very good on tall buildings, columns, when landscaping structures and utility blocks. The Coigne grape will do an excellent job of creating green tunnels and alleys, screens and fences, walls and fences, gazebos and creating tents over the nooks for relaxation.
To go to the next part use numbers or links "Previous" and "Next" Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7