Gooseberries - Planting And Care. Varieties. Photo

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Gooseberries - Planting And Care. Varieties. Photo
Gooseberries - Planting And Care. Varieties. Photo

Video: Gooseberries - Planting And Care. Varieties. Photo

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Video: Growing Gooseberries from Planting to Harvest 2023, January
Anonim

Gooseberry bush in our country can be found on almost every site, and this is understandable - an excellent harvest of gooseberry berries can be obtained with enviable regularity for 15 and even 20 years with minimal effort to leave it. The main thing is to choose a light and dry place and enjoy tasty and healthy berries.

Description of gooseberry

Gooseberry is a perennial shrub about 1 m high and 1.3 - 1.8 m in diameter. The bush has a highly developed root system. Gooseberry is drought-resistant and photophilous, does not like low damp areas and heavy clay soils with a close standing of groundwater - in such places it is usually affected by fungal diseases and almost does not yield a crop, and if it does, then the berries are very small.

Gooseberry
Gooseberry

Some varieties of gooseberries

  • Malachite. Medium late. Winter hardy, versatile. Resistant to disease. The bush is medium-spine. The berries are green, large (5-6 g), slightly sour. The pulp is juicy and tender.
  • Kolobok. Mid-season. Winter hardy, disease resistant. The bush is slightly spiny, medium-sized. The berries are large, red in color, with a pleasant taste.
  • Russian. Frost-resistant, vigorous, versatile. Spines are single, long, strong. The berries are dark red, large, aromatic, tasty, firmly attached to the bush.
  • Russian yellow. Medium late. Winter-hardy, high-yielding, medium-sized. The bush is medium-spine. The berries are large, transparent yellow, tasty.
  • Prune. Mid-season, winter hardy. The bush is medium-sized, slightly spiny. The berries are almost black, with a waxy coating, juicy, tender, aromatic, good for processing into juice and wine.

The following varieties are also recommended: Smena, Yubileiny, Sirius (Gulliver), Pink-2.

Planting gooseberries

Gooseberries, like currants, bear fruit well up to 12 - 18 years. It sets fruit well in the presence of several bushes, even of the same variety, but the yield and quality of berries increase significantly when at least 3 to 4 varieties are grown.

A well-lit area is allocated for the gooseberry. The diameter of the planting holes depends on the composition of the soil: on light soils - 50 cm, on heavy soils - 70 cm.

Into the pits are introduced: manure humus or peat - 2 buckets, organic fertilizer "Berry" - 300 g, nitrophoska - 5 tablespoons, wood ash - 1 glass. Everything is mixed with the top, fertile layer of earth taken out of the pit. If the soil is clayey, then 1 bucket of coarse river sand is added to the pit.

Saplings are planted in spring, before bud break, and in autumn, from the second half of September, at a distance of 1.0 × 1.0 m, 1.2 × 1.2 m, 1.5 × 1.5 m. Before planting, the roots are soaked in a solution of the bacterial preparation "Barrier" (5 tablespoons per 5 liters of water). Can be soaked in liquid organic fertilizers: 3 - 4 tablespoons of "Ideal" or sodium humate per 5 liters of water. Soak for one day. After that, the roots take root faster.

Gooseberry
Gooseberry

Gooseberry seedlings are planted without a slope with the root collar deepening 6 -7 cm below the soil level. In this case, you must ensure that the roots are well spread. Then they are covered with soil. So that there is no space left between the roots and the ground, it is compacted, while slowly pouring water over it. After planting, the shoots are cut off from the seedling, leaving 5 - 6 buds above the soil surface. Weak branches are removed completely. Then dry peat or humus is poured under the bushes with a layer of up to 5 - 6 cm.

To prevent freezing, the seedlings are huddled in late autumn and additionally sprinkled with peat or sawdust under them with a layer of up to 15 cm.

Gooseberry care

Care before fruiting consists in watering, loosening, hilling, in the fight against weeds, pests and diseases. In the spring, make nitrogen fertilization: in 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tablespoon of urea or "Ideal", spend 5-10 liters per 1 bush.

Under the fruit-bearing gooseberry bushes in the fall, before frost, peat, humus or sawdust are additionally poured in a layer of 10 - 12 cm. The bushes are spud and left for the winter. In the spring, the soil is loosened and loosened to a depth of 12-15 cm.

The first root feeding is carried out when the leaves are blooming: 1 tablespoon of urea and 2 tablespoons of nitrophoska are diluted in 10 liters of water, watered with 16 - 20 liters per bush.

Gooseberry
Gooseberry

The second root dressing is done before flowering or at the beginning of flowering: for 10 liters of water take 1 tablespoon of mineral fertilizer - potassium sulfate and 2 tablespoons of organic fertilizer "Breadwinner" or "Berry", spend 25 - 30 liters per bush. Before feeding, 1-2 glasses of wood ash are scattered around the bushes.

The third feeding is carried out during the setting of berries: 1 tablespoon of nitrophosphate and 2 tablespoons of liquid fertilizer "Ideal" or potassium humate are diluted in 10 liters of water and spend 30 liters per bush.

During the season, they must weed, loosen the ground to a depth of 8-10 cm and watered. In dry, hot weather, it is necessary to monitor soil moisture. Gooseberry bushes should not be watered by sprinkling, especially with cold water. They need to be watered at the root - this reduces the incidence of plants.

Gooseberries require fertile soil. On sandy, loamy soils, it is recommended to apply 4-5 kg ​​of manure humus and 5-6 kg of peat annually under one fruiting bush. It is very useful to add 2-3 glasses of wood ash or crushed charcoal under each bush before flowering.

In settlements and villages, gardeners have enough organic fertilizers such as manure (mullein), bird droppings. They are used for feeding as follows: 5 kg of thick manure or 2 kg of bird droppings are taken for 100 liters of water, 10 tablespoons of nitrophoska are added, stirred well and left for 4-5 days. Then they are fed. In this case, the solution is stirred all the time. For each bush, 20-30 liters of solution are consumed. Over the summer, make 2 - 3 dressings. After each top dressing, the soil is loosened to a depth of 5 cm.

Gooseberry
Gooseberry

Gooseberry bush formation

A gooseberry bush is formed in the same way as a red currant bush, that is, by mainly rejuvenating pruning of skeletal branches and removing excess annual basal shoots.

They begin to form a bush in the second year after planting, and finish on the 5th-6th. Pruning is best done in early spring, before bud break, but can be done after harvest until late fall. Gooseberry bush during full fruiting should have up to 18 - 25 shoots of different ages.

Benefits and Applications

Gooseberries are a storehouse of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and an invaluable medicine: they have a diuretic and choleretic effect, and are useful for metabolic disorders. It is not for nothing that the people call it the northern grape.

Gooseberry jelly recipe

Gooseberries can be used to make delicious jelly. They take ripe berries (preferably red, yellow), wash and knead with a wooden pestle or spoon, pour water (1 glass per 1 kg of berries) and cook over low heat, stirring all the time until the juice separates, and then filter through a fine sieve or 2 - 3 layers of gauze. The juice is brought to a boil and boiled for 6 - 7 minutes, then granulated sugar (1 kg per 1 liter of juice) is added and boiled until the sugar is completely dissolved. The resulting mass is poured into sterilized jars and cooled. Jelly in jars is covered with granulated sugar on top.

Yoshta
Yoshta

A few words about yoshta

Yoshta is a hybrid of black currant and gooseberry, winter-hardy and resistant to diseases - anthracnose and powdery mildew, as well as to kidney mites. A bush without thorns, in shape resembles, depending on the variety, gooseberry or black currant bushes. Shoots up to 1.5 m high. Berries are black, large, taste like gooseberries and black currants. The bush gives an average of 7-10 kg of berries. Care and feeding are the same as for gooseberries. Propagated by cuttings and lignified offspring.

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