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Video: The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names - Page 6 Of 8
5. Frost-resistant plum varieties
The frost-resistant hybrids and hybrid plum varieties developed by breeders are fully or partially self-fertile. In terms of winter hardiness, the most resistant are varieties of plums of the Canadian and Ussuri groups. They became the leaders in regions with difficult weather conditions - in the Far East, the Urals, in the regions of Siberia. In the first half of winter, the recommended plum varieties can withstand temperatures down to -40..- 44 ° C. Drying winds and sharp cold snaps in January-February after a conditional thaw are dangerous.
Plum varieties for the Ural and Siberian regions
Plum variety Altai Jubilee. Medium height tree. The variety is early maturing. Plums in biological ripeness are harvested in the second half of August. Ripe fruits are yellow-orange in color with a delicate blush. The peel of the fruit is thin, covered with a waxy bloom. The pulp is tender, soft, aromatic. The taste is sweet with a slightly sour aftertaste.
Plum variety Poniklaya. The trees are not tall. The fruits ripen in the second decade of August. On some fruits, an abdominal suture is visible. The color of the fruit is yellow, dark brown. The fruits are covered with a rough skin. The pulp is very tender, yellow-greenish, pale. The taste is sweet and sour, with a light aroma. The most winter hardy of the Siberian varieties.
The old Far Eastern varieties Manchurian Beauty, Yellow Hopty (Chinese) are distinguished by high winter hardiness.
The varieties also enjoy well-deserved attention: Zarya Altai, Katunskaya, Pionerka, Baikal amber, Stranger, Daughter of Buryatia, Nakhodka. The trees are medium-sized, fast-growing (they form a harvest for 3 years). The biological ripeness of fruits usually begins in the second decade of August and lasts at least a month. The color of the fruits of the varieties is varied: yellow, burgundy, red, green with or without a waxy bloom. Fruit taste from sour to insipid, sweet and sour, sweet. In some varieties, the skin is rough with a slight bitterness. Resistant to Siberian winters.
Plum variety Pride of the Urals. It is grown throughout the region of the Urals and Siberia. Tree up to 3 m in height. The variety is self-fertile. The crown is free, semi-thickened. Fruits are oblong-oval, red in color with an orange blush. The pulp is pale yellow in color, juicy, sweet. The variety is resistant to damage from diseases and pests.
In the meteorological conditions of the Ural-Chelyabinsk zone, the following varieties are most successfully grown: Shershnevskaya (good pollinator), Belosnezhka, Krasnoselskaya, Pearl of the Urals, Kuyashskaya, Uralsky prunes, Uralskaya zolotistaya. Trees 2.5-3.5 m. The biological ripeness of fruits covers the period from early to late August. Fruits from white to dark blue color with a waxy bloom. The pulp is white, creamy, yellow, pale orange, greenish. Taste sweet-sour, honey-sweet The varieties are characterized as highly winter-hardy, but can freeze during thaws.
Plum varieties for central Russia
In private gardening, plum varieties are successful: Skoroplodnaya, Blue Dar, Eurasia-21, Egg Blue. From the early varieties: Morning, Opal, Early Zarechnaya, Superearly and others, they form a harvest of biological ripeness in June-July.
Experienced gardeners recommend planting plum curtain on the sunny locations of the following grades - Egg blue, blue gift, Smolinka, Vengerka Moscow. Closer to the southern regions, you can add an early variety of the Morning plum.
Plum variety Egg blue. Tall tree. The variety is winter-hardy, self-fertile. The fruits are large in shape and resemble a chicken egg. The color is blue-violet with a thick waxy bloom. The pulp is sweet and sour, firm, juicy.
Plum variety Hungarian Moscow. The trees are medium-sized (2.5-3 m) with a wide spreading crown. The fruit is shaped like a chicken egg. The color of the fruit is violet-red, the skin is dense, with a pleasant bitterness. The pulp is amber-yellow, dense structure, sweet-sour taste. Improves the quality indicators of processed fruits. The fruits of the autumn ripening period. Can be removed unripe and matured at home. In case of weather cataclysms, winter hardiness and frost resistance are average.
Plum variety Smolinka. Differs in very large and tasty fruits. But the variety is self-fertile and can only grow in a group with pollinating varieties.
Of the others, which are popular with gardeners, the following varieties of plums can be named - Alexy, Skorospelka red (good pollinator), Pamyat Timiryazeva, Victoria, Sineglazka. They are distinguished by increased winter hardiness, good adaptive properties to the environment.
The attention of gardeners can be offered plum varieties that are distinguished by their early maturity, excellent frost resistance and resistance to damage by pests and diseases: Yakhontovaya and Skoroplodnaya. Ripen in mid-August. They differ, respectively, in sweet-sour and sweet taste of fruits.
Tula and Chinese women ripen a month later. The fruits are dark blue and red in color. The Chinese woman has a delicate pulp taste. Larger fruits are characteristic of Tula.
The continuation of the list of frost-resistant varieties of popular fruit crops for cold regions, see the next page
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