The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names - Page 4 Of 8

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The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names - Page 4 Of 8
The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names - Page 4 Of 8

Video: The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names - Page 4 Of 8

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Video: Growing Fruit in Cold Climates: Zones 3 and 4 2023, January
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3. Frost-resistant varieties of cherries

For cherries, it is not persistent frosts that are terrible, but spring thaws with subsequent cold weather. This is due to the different effects of negative temperatures on plant organs. Cherry varieties successfully overcome the freezing bar, which have the same temperature conditions for vegetative and generative organs. Through numerous crosses, breeders have successfully overcome limiting factors and created hybrid varieties of cherry, capable of withstanding natural disasters, withstanding frosts of -30..-37, and sometimes -38 ° C and forming a crop in the coldest regions of the northernmost outskirts.

Cherries on the branches of a cherry tree
Cherries on the branches of a cherry tree

Cherry varieties for the Northwest regions of Russia

Cherry variety Vladimirskaya. Old variety (bred in the 18th century). Represented by a bush or a low tree. Fruits are dark red with dense pulp. Flat-rounded or slightly turnip-shaped, weighing up to 3 - 4 g. The wood is highly frost-resistant, and the fruit buds are medium, that is, the tree is subject to partial frostbite during changes in spring temperatures. The variety is self-fertile. The best pollinator is the Lyubsky variety. In turn, the Vladimirsky variety is an excellent pollinator for other varieties, including Lyubskaya cherry.

Cherry variety Crimson. Early (end of July). A distinctive feature is a very high winter hardiness. Needs a pollinator. The berries are dark red with juicy pulp, with an average weight of 3.5 g.

Cherry variety Lyubskaya. Like the Vladimirskaya variety, it is zoned for the North-West regions. Grows in the form of a bush or tree. The variety is self-fertile. Fruits are formed on an annual growth in the form of inflorescences of 3-6 flowers. The fruits are large (4 g). The pulp is very juicy, dark red. High frost resistance.

Cherry variety Apukhtinskaya. The variety is self-fertile. The aerial part is bushy, with drooping branches. Fruits are dark red, cherry taste, pleasant, sweet and sour. Average winter hardiness.

Variety Molodezhnaya. Differs in high winter hardiness of wood and flower buds. Bushy type of aboveground part. Self-fertile. Fruit ripening later. Fruits weighing 5 grams or more, dark maroon. The pulp is dark red, juicy, sweet taste.

Of the varieties that are resistant to frost with spring drops for the Central strip and the Moscow region, in addition to the above, cherry varieties Molodezhnaya, Polevka can be recommended.

If garden limited small area is formed hardy good yields self-pollinating varieties of cherries, which can be planted single trees: Morozovka, Ruby, Tambovchanka, generous, Voljskaya, Shakirovka, Chocolate, lots.

Of the new varieties of cherries, the most frost-resistant are Rusinka, Zastenchivaya, Turgenevka, Rastorguevskaya, Radonezh, Morel Bryanskaya and others.

Cherry tree
Cherry tree

Cherry varieties for the Ural and Siberian regions

For regions with a long cold period, breeders have bred and zoned early cherry varieties with high frost resistance. Sufficiently high yields are formed by the varieties Metelitsa, Ob, Novoaltaiskaya, Mayak.

The varieties of these regions need pollinators. The Altai Swallow variety serves as a universal pollinator.

In the self-fertile variety Ashinsky, which is found in many adjoining gardens, flower buds often die when freezing, which must be taken into account when planting them in the garden.

The continuation of the list of frost-resistant varieties of popular fruit crops for cold regions, see the next page

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