Plum Propagation By Green Cuttings. Growing Plums From Cuttings. Photo

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Plum Propagation By Green Cuttings. Growing Plums From Cuttings. Photo
Plum Propagation By Green Cuttings. Growing Plums From Cuttings. Photo

Video: Plum Propagation By Green Cuttings. Growing Plums From Cuttings. Photo

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Video: How to grow plum tree from a cutting | Home & Garden 2023, January
Anonim

Several times they began to grow plums, but they could not get a harvest. She collected some little, but mostly it, not ripe, fell to the ground, and the fruit was wormy. We used to collect a whole basin of drains from the ground and throw it into a pit. Only over the years I gained experience and realized that she, like other plants, needs individual care. Now, without buying planting material, I grow plums from green cuttings.

Plum fruit on a branch
Plum fruit on a branch

When to prepare cuttings?

The best time to prepare plum cuttings is July, its first decade. Shoots are harvested when they begin to redden and harden at the base.

I cut the cuttings on the mother bush in cool weather early in the morning or in the evening and immediately put them in the water. From each shoot 20-30 centimeters long, I cut several cuttings with two or three leaves with a sharpened knife.

Use of growth stimulants

To make the roots appear faster, I treat the cuttings with a growth regulator, for example, Ribav-extra, or heteroauxin. Heteroauxin, in an amount of 0.1-0.15 grams, is dissolved in a small amount of ethyl alcohol and diluted with water to one liter. Then I put the cuttings in this solution for 14-18 hours, immersing their ends by 10-15 centimeters.

Plum cuttings
Plum cuttings

Soil preparation

I prepare the land for planting in advance. I pour peat with sand (1: 1) on the beds in a layer of 10-12 centimeters, level the surface of the beds and sprinkle coarse river sand with a layer of 2-3 centimeters on top. In the morning before planting, I moisten the soil in the beds well and before planting the cuttings I spill it with a solution of mineral fertilizer: I dilute one teaspoon of simple superphosphate in 10 liters of water for 4-5 square meters.

Planting plum cuttings

Cuttings should be planted vertically to a depth of 2.5-3 centimeters (to the bottom leaf of the cutting) at a distance of 5-7 centimeters between rows and 5 centimeters in rows. I cover the plantings with a film. The frame for the film is made of wire arcs. The temperature in the greenhouse should be between 25-30 degrees. A month after planting, cuttings should be protected from direct sunlight. I recommend watering from a hand sprayer or watering can 2-3 times a day.

Rooted plum cuttings
Rooted plum cuttings

Easily rooted varieties form adventitious roots at 12-18 days, difficult-to-rooted varieties - at 30-40 days. As soon as the first roots appear, on hot days I raise the film for more oxygen and a decrease in the temperature regime in the greenhouse. After a month, young seedlings should be fed with full mineral fertilizer. After feeding, spill well with water.

Plum varieties for propagation by green cuttings

Of the varieties of plum, green cuttings reproduce well such as Early Ripe Red, Vengerka Moskovskaya, Pamyat Timiryazeva and Tulskaya Black.

In order for the cuttings to winter well, the beds in October must be sprinkled with peat or dry leaves with a layer of 5-8 centimeters. Until spring, all planted cuttings will be completely preserved.

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