Brussels Sprouts. Care, Reproduction. Growing Seedlings. Harvest. Benefit. A Photo

Brussels Sprouts. Care, Reproduction. Growing Seedlings. Harvest. Benefit. A Photo
Brussels Sprouts. Care, Reproduction. Growing Seedlings. Harvest. Benefit. A Photo

Video: Brussels Sprouts. Care, Reproduction. Growing Seedlings. Harvest. Benefit. A Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How Do Brussels Sprouts Grow? | Maddie Moate 2023, January
Anonim

In addition to white cabbage, I grow Savoy cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, and kohlrabi, but Brussels sprouts are my favorite crop, and it is not at all difficult to grow it. Among the large number of varieties of cabbage, Brussels sprouts stand out. In vegetable gardens, it is a rarity, because it is considered a capricious culture, while also a low-yielding one. My experience suggests otherwise …

Brussels sprouts are a delicious vegetable that surpasses all other types of cabbage in biological value. She is the record holder for the content of potassium, magnesium, iron salts, a source of complete vegetable protein, vitamins A, C, PP, and other nutrients that are easily absorbed by the human body. In addition, it is also a beautiful plant, especially when tying heads of cabbage. And if you plant a cauliflower like Lolla Ross or pansies along the edge of a cabbage bed, in the middle of it there are several tall marigolds, then you will have a real flower garden, not a vegetable garden.

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts

© John-Morgan

When I first started working on this cabbage, I was not happy with the result. Wanting to get the harvest early, I sowed cabbage seeds in March in a city apartment. In early May, I planted seedlings in the ground. She practically did not get a harvest: the heads of cabbage were badly tied, and the ones that were tied almost did not grow, she harvested - to the chickens to laugh.

Somehow a note about Brussels sprouts caught my eye. From her I learned that this cabbage is very cold-resistant and cannot stand high air temperatures. For tying heads of cabbage, the best temperature regime is 15-20 ° C, and at 25 ° C and higher, not only the formation and filling of heads of cabbage is delayed, but their quality also decreases. I also learned that the period from germination to harvest in the Brussels sprout is 130-150 days, depending on the variety.

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts

© norwichnuts

Armed with this knowledge, I began to experiment. I sowed seeds for seedlings at different times. Indoors at a temperature of 18-20 ° C, seedlings appear on the 3-5th day. Since the setting of heads of cabbage begins on the 110-130th day, then when sowing seeds for seedlings in March, this period falls on the end of July-beginning of August. At this time, the environs of Krasnoyarsk are characterized by a high air temperature (up to 30 ° C), which is unlikely to please my capricious ward. Calculations and experiments have shown that the best time for sowing its seeds in our area is the third decade of April.

How do I grow seedlings? I sow seeds of Brussels sprouts directly into the nursery (growing room) in April: if the weather is warm, then on the 15-18th, if the weather is unfavorable - on the 25-28th.

My growing room is a 65 cm high, 120 x 120 cm box with a frame covered with reinforced plastic. The soil in the box has a slight slope to the west. I fill the soil in the nursery with organic matter, ash and superphosphate. I make grooves and spill them with hot water before sowing.

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts

© Tobyotter

I soak the seeds in advance in a solution of immunocytophyte and dry them, that is, sow them dry. Of course, before sowing, I reject small, damaged and too light seeds, as well as irregularly shaped, with a matte (no gloss) surface.

After sowing, I cover the grooves with seeds with soil, cover them on top with a 3-5 cm layer of snow or ice, if they are still on the site.

Depending on the weather conditions, the seeds germinate in 5-10 days. Since I sow only full-weight seeds, I place them at a fairly large distance (5-8 cm) from each other, so all the seedlings grow of high quality, there are almost no weak and sick specimens.

Growing seedlings in a cold nursery has certain advantages: it does not stretch, does not get sick with a black leg, and is well hardened. I have never been able to grow such full-fledged seedlings in an apartment: she was pampered, she was sick, many plants disappeared during the pick. This way, I can avoid unnecessary transplants, which retard plant growth.

I water and feed the seedlings in the growing room. The first feeding (with urea) I do at the beginning of the appearance of the second true leaf, the second - a week later with any complex fertilizer. Seedlings I grow strong, stocky (stems 5-6 cm thick).

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts

© robynejay

Landing in the ground. When the seedlings have 4-6 true leaves, I plant the plants in the ground, usually in late May-early June, the deadline is June 10.

It is known that Brussels loves deeply cultivated, organic-rich soils and does not tolerate heavy clayey soils. And I have a plot in a lowland, in a swamp, near a forest, clayey soils, heavy, with a high level of groundwater. Therefore, for planting seedlings, in the fall, I have been preparing a high bed 1 m wide, filling it with compost, superphosphate and ash. I plant plants in two rows, and quite rarely - between plants 50-60 cm.

Care for Brussels sprouts in the beds. 2 weeks after planting, when the plants clearly begin to grow, I feed the first fertilizing with a solution of biomaster fertilizer, the second I give when the heads of cabbage begin to form. In addition, I water the field. Especially a lot has to be watered during the growth of leaves and during the formation of heads of cabbage. To protect against pests, I sprinkle ash on the soil every week after loosening. I never huddle so that the lower heads of cabbage do not rot.

At the end of August - beginning of September, I perform vershkovanie, that is, I cut off the apical buds (heads of cabbage). This is so that the heads of cabbage grow better and be dense. Later, at the end of September, I remove the entire top from plants on which the heads of cabbage are poorly developed.

How I harvest and use the crop. I start harvesting from the end of September, selectively pluck heads of cabbage as they ripen. Ripening is determined simply: the heads of cabbage become dense, shiny, reaching 3 cm in diameter.

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts

© Crazy Joe Devola

The mass of one head of cabbage is 8-15 g, and on one plant there are 35-50 of them. A crop of 10-12 plants is enough for my family.

I store the crop in plastic bags just in the refrigerator, and also freeze it.

I cook soup from Brussels sprouts (by the way, the broth from it tastes like chicken broth). I make salads, boil for a side dish, or include in a vegetable stew.

Popular by topic