Climbing Roses Care Calendar. By Seasons And Months

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Climbing Roses Care Calendar. By Seasons And Months
Climbing Roses Care Calendar. By Seasons And Months

Video: Climbing Roses Care Calendar. By Seasons And Months

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Climbing roses are leaders among garden vines both in distribution and in decorativeness. Claymers and ramblers are rightly called irreplaceable garden aristocrats. On a figured support, near the porch or above the path, in the company of clematis or as a soloist, climbing roses stand out for their especially abundant flowering, turning them into luxurious blooming clouds. But their complex nature is also an important feature of climbing roses. Indeed, in regions with severe winters, for the successful wintering of these plants, you will have to make a lot of efforts to care for them.

Climbing rose on the facade of the house
Climbing rose on the facade of the house

Content:

  • Features of the care of climbing roses
  • Climbing rose care in spring
  • Summer climbing rose care
  • Caring for climbing roses in autumn
  • Caring for climbing roses in winter

Features of the care of climbing roses

Climbing roses, despite their large size, are difficult to attribute to the category of unpretentious crops. They do not need such careful care as for the usual bush roses, but they do not grow without attention at all. These vines require protection for the winter. Both the removal from the supports and the shelter require effort and time, and these steeplejacks must be properly prepared for winter.

But only on protection from frost, the difficulties of caring for climbing roses do not end there. Roses need attention and care. Only with constant monitoring and some mandatory procedures can you achieve high decorativeness and lush flowering from them.

Basic care for climbing roses includes only a few procedures, but they are all very important:

  1. Watering.
  2. Top dressing.
  3. Mulching.
  4. Pruning.
  5. Prepare for winter and shelter for the winter.

Watering

Watering for climbing roses is carried out, focusing on weather conditions. For climbing beauties, at least three main procedures are carried out - in the midst of active growth of green mass, at the stage of budding and at the peak of flowering. But for ramblers and climbers (especially), it is better to additionally irrigate during the period of growth and budding (in the absence of normal precipitation). The optimal strategy is watering after 8-10 days in a dry period using 2 or 3 buckets of water per plant.

Top dressing

Top dressing is another component of care that you cannot do without in the cultivation of climbing roses. Fertilizers for treetops are applied during the period of their active growth until the beginning of autumn. For ramblers and clays, you can use both organic and mineral fertilizers. Special preparations for roses, complete or calculated for a certain season of fertilization, satisfy the needs of climbing beauties not only for nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, but also for trace elements.

It is believed that potassium is most needed for roses, which increases the number of flowers. But nitrogen, which is responsible for the splendor of the foliage, and phosphorus, which is necessary for the normal development of the root system, are mandatory elements that are brought in for ramblers and climbers annually. The following dressings are mandatory for climbing roses:

  1. Early spring feeding, which is carried out at the very beginning of the active growing season after removing the shelter. For it, you can use full or nitrogen fertilizer, organic matter, embedding fertilizers in the soil or applying with watering in liquid form. A popular strategy is to fertilize first with nitrogen fertilizers and then with full mineral fertilizers after 2-3 weeks.
  2. Top dressing at the budding stage with full mineral fertilizer.
  3. Summer top dressing for re-flowering roses, which is carried out after flowering to stimulate the second wave.
  4. Autumn feeding, which in regions with severe winters is best done in August or at least early September. Potassium-phosphorus fertilizers optimize preparation for winter, but for this top dressing, bone meal is most often used, embedding it in the soil (or adding it additionally).
Climbing rose at the window of the house
Climbing rose at the window of the house

For climbing roses, foliar dressings can also be carried out, stimulating the thickening of the crown and the formation of a denser deciduous canopy.

Fertilizer dosage is standard. Enough 50-60 g of the mineral mixture for one bush for 1 bucket of water or 1 square meter of soil.

Mulching

Both ramblers and climbers, from the moment of planting and throughout the entire growing period, need to maintain a constant mulch layer. It protects against overheating, prevents soil crusting, simplifies weed control and maintains normal soil permeability.

For climbing roses, the mulch is usually renewed twice a year - in the spring, after loosening the soil and applying fertilizers, and in the fall, before preparing for winter and after cleaning. For climbing princesses, humus, sawdust, compost, straw, cut grass can be used as mulch.

Pruning

Pruning is different for re-flowering and once-flowering roses. For the latter, it is carried out after flowering, for the former - in the spring. But in each case, the task is to carry out regular rejuvenation and leave strong main and replacement shoots on the bush, annually controlling development and getting rid of unproductive branches.

Since climbing roses bloom only on last year's shoots, branches are pruned only to stimulate the growth of young shoots - to the first productive bud, slightly shortening.

Climbing rose on a trellis
Climbing rose on a trellis

Let's take a closer look at the peculiarities of caring for climbing garden roses in each of the seasons.

Climbing rose care in spring

Works to remember in March:

  • preparation of soil and holes for planting new climbing roses;
  • airing shelters and starting to unwrap roses;
  • trampling snow around bushes for added protection from rodents;
  • ordering planting material;
  • studying catalogs;
  • visiting exhibitions and studying the assortment of seedlings (end of the month);
  • inspection of container roses wintering in the premises, moving them into heat and light.

In the southern regions, you can also perform the following procedures:

  • removing shelters and checking roses;
  • pruning damaged, dry shoots;
  • removal of root shoots from rootstocks;
  • cleaning up wild bushes;
  • application of organic and mineral fertilizers to the soil;
  • planting new seedlings.

Works to remember in April:

  • inspection of roses;
  • planting new climbing roses in favorable weather at the end of the month;
  • gradual removal of shelters from bushes - starting with nonwovens and spruce branches, untiing branches to removing dry insulation;
  • installation and fixing of supports for roses, inspection and repair of supports;
  • pruning container plants, increasing access to fresh air and light.

If the shelter was removed in April, the following procedures can be carried out:

  • loosening the soil;
  • top dressing with organic and mineral fertilizers;
  • soil mulching;
  • removal of damaged or dry shoots from broken roses;
  • easy shortening of shoots to stimulate growth (to a strong bud);
  • renewing cutting of old shoots in re-flowering roses, formation.

In the southern regions, from the second half of April, climbing roses are planted only with a closed root system.

Works to remember in May:

  • plant inspections for traces of pests and diseases;
  • completion of the opening of roses;
  • sanitizing and pruning shoots to a strong bud to stimulate the development of replacement branches;
  • fertilizing cut roses;
  • planting new climbing roses;
  • protection of seedlings with light cover;
  • mulching the soil under climbing roses;
  • weeding and control of unwanted growth;
  • watering during drought;
  • support direction, garter;
  • preventive treatments;
  • the beginning of moving container roses to fresh air or hardening for taking out to the garden.

In the southern regions, in May, they continue to plant seedlings with a closed root system, they begin to remove the first wilting flowers and carry out a second feeding.

Climbing rose in spring, after removing the shelter
Climbing rose in spring, after removing the shelter

Summer climbing rose care

Works to remember in June:

  • planting new roses;
  • inspections for traces of aphids and other pests;
  • preventive treatments for powdery mildew, black spot, rust;
  • watering in dry weather;
  • removal of fading inflorescences;
  • removal of overgrowth on rootstocks;
  • loosening the soil;
  • weeding;
  • making a second feeding;
  • direction of shoots along the supports;
  • pest and disease control.

Works to remember in July:

  • regular watering for container roses;
  • watering in drought for blooming roses;
  • cutting off flowering inflorescences, in roses that have completed flowering - removal of faded parts to the first full-fledged leaf;
  • fertilization for blooming roses;
  • removal of overgrowth on rootstocks;
  • pruning too long shoots;
  • cutting of faded shoots from once-flowering roses, the formation of a bush from annual and biennial shoots;
  • budding;
  • harvesting cuttings;
  • leaf inspections for traces of diseases and pests;
  • planting new seedlings with abundant systemic watering;
  • loosening the soil;
  • weed control.

Works to remember in August:

  • garter and fastening, direction along the support of strong shoots;
  • harvesting semi-lignified cuttings;
  • pinching growing shoots to accelerate ripening;
  • removal of faded parts of shoots up to the first five-leaf leaf;
  • water charging irrigation at the beginning of the month;
  • pre-autumn feeding;
  • foliage inspections and preventive treatments, pest or disease treatment measures.
Climbing rose pruning
Climbing rose pruning

Caring for climbing roses in autumn

Works to remember in September:

  • the introduction of bone meal or potassium-phosphorus fertilizers into the soil, followed by abundant watering and mulching;
  • cutting cuttings from your favorite climbing roses;
  • preparation of planting holes for planting new climbing roses in spring;
  • mulch renewal;
  • pinching shoots;
  • transplanting young roses;
  • protection of climbing roses from strong soaking of the soil;
  • cleaning, pruning, preparation for transferring container roses to premises.

In the southern regions, you can also perform the following procedures:

  • landing of ramblers and climbers;
  • autumn feeding;
  • removal of wilting flowers and inflorescences.

Works to remember in October:

  • cutting cuttings of climbing roses;
  • sanitary pruning - removal of unproductive, old, damaged shoots, as well as unripe twigs;
  • cleaning the soil from plant debris, mulching and hilling the base of the bushes;
  • shortening shoots to simplify shelter;
  • preparation of planting holes for planting climbing roses in spring;
  • protection of the near-trunk circle from waterlogging;
  • moving container roses to wintering premises.

In the southern regions, you can also continue to plant new climbing roses.

Works to remember in November:

  • removing roses from a support and cleaning leaves and damaged shoots;
  • laying on spruce branches or shields (after the onset of stable frosts about -5 degrees);
  • step-by-step wrapping of the rose with opening the shelter on warm days (shelter with spruce branches, boxes, dry leaves, non-woven materials)

In the southern regions, it is also possible to carry out sanitary pruning on climbing roses.

Preparing a climbing rose for shelter for the winter
Preparing a climbing rose for shelter for the winter

Caring for climbing roses in winter

Works to remember in December:

  • full cover of the rose with covering the ventilation holes;
  • distribution of snow and insulation of wrapped roses with snow;
  • airing shelters on days with a positive daytime temperature;
  • study of scientific literature and acquaintance with new varieties;
  • checking climbing roses hibernating indoors.

Jobs to not forget about in January:

  • inspection of rose hiding places;
  • redistribution of snow for optimal cover;
  • study of catalogs and cultivation techniques;
  • trampling snow to protect against rodents;
  • inspection of roses in containers, inspection of shoots.

Works to remember in February:

  • inspection of the shelters of roses;
  • airing shelters during periods of thaw;
  • studying catalogs and ordering seedlings for the middle of spring;
  • inspection of container climbing roses wintering in the premises.

In the southern regions, you can also perform the following procedures:

  • order and purchase of planting material;
  • burying seedlings for planting in early spring.

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