Video: Columnar Apple Tree. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Fruit Trees. Garden. Harvest
Columnar apple trees were first discovered in America about 30 years ago. This is a natural mutation. But since then, breeders in many countries have been working with them, because columnar apple trees - that is, without side branches - are very convenient.
Here are their benefits in our cold climate:
- Every gardener wants to have more different varieties with a limited area of the site. And if ordinary apple trees need to be planted at a distance of 4-6 meters from each other, then columnar - at a distance of 40 cm to 1.2 m. That is, several times more varieties will enter the same area.
- In a frosty winter, they have a chance to survive, since there are more apple trees. In addition, they can simply be wrapped with insulation, or covered with a warm cap for the winter - therefore, you can have larger southerly varieties on your site.
- It is much more convenient to process, monitor their health and harvest. On large farms, mechanized harvesting and garden maintenance is possible.
- Columnar apple trees give a harvest in the second year, and ordinary ones - in the fifth.
- Such a garden pays off much faster.
There are varieties with side branches. But if you want only one barrel - they need to be removed. Otherwise, they will look like a pyramidal poplar. Their lateral branches grow at an acute angle upward. And if you buy a seedling with a well-developed root system and a height of 70-80cm, it can give a harvest in the first year. Columnar apple trees need feeding and fertilization. And in watering - much less than ordinary apple trees. Only in drought.