Dwarf, Or Columnar Apple Trees - The Way To A High Yield

Dwarf, Or Columnar Apple Trees - The Way To A High Yield
Dwarf, Or Columnar Apple Trees - The Way To A High Yield

Video: Dwarf, Or Columnar Apple Trees - The Way To A High Yield

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Video: Grow 18 POUNDS of Apples in Just 1 Square Foot in Containers! 2023, January
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Not so long ago, an interesting article about columnar apple trees was published on Botanichka. Due to my professional duties, I had a little to get acquainted with the experience of growing them in Poland. I would like to share some observations and a number of non-standard technological features that may be interesting and useful to gardeners who are both professional growing apple trees and owners of small summer cottages, where you have to save on every meter.

Columnar apple trees
Columnar apple trees

Indeed, our stalls are full of apples from Poland and other Eastern European countries. They are both larger and cheaper, and most often they are stored better. Why? One of the main secrets is the widespread use of special technology of dwarf or columnar apple trees for several decades in these countries. We have continued and continue to grow ordinary tall trees. The power of stereotypes!

But the cultivation of undersized, columnar apple trees has obvious advantages: yield, early onset of the fruiting period, winter hardiness, ease of care and compact size of plants, better preservation of fruits. The most important thing is that the plant does not need to spend significant nutrient resources in the formation of wood, everything is aimed at fruiting.

And I must say that technologies are developing very rapidly here to achieve maximum yield per unit area and reduce costs. For example, it turned out that the technology gives considerable advantages when two long columnar shoots are formed on one short trunk. Their correct orientation to the sun (see Fig. 1) allows for more optimal use of solar energy and retains the advantages of simple columnar apple trees. Experienced gardeners can try it, this gives an increase in yield by about 20%.

Figure: 1. Dwarf apple trees with two columnar shoots
Figure: 1. Dwarf apple trees with two columnar shoots

Some farms went even further, forming 3 columnar shoots, placed in a certain way (Fig. 2). So that the existing space between trees is used to the maximum. And this can increase the yield by another 5-10%.

Figure: 2. Dwarf apple trees with three columnar shoots
Figure: 2. Dwarf apple trees with three columnar shoots

The formation of a vase-like or spiral-shaped crown on a short trunk looks quite exotic (Fig. 3), but this is more likely for design compositions, since it is very laborious and requires very high qualifications, and the biological benefits of this, in my opinion, are no longer so obvious. But if someone in his country house does something like that, he will undoubtedly amaze the neighbors and win the glory of a noble gardener.

Figure: 3. Vase-shaped crown of an apple tree
Figure: 3. Vase-shaped crown of an apple tree

Two more short and simple tips. Support your columnar apple trees with special wire structures, especially if they are arranged in a row, because their shoots are relatively thin and fragile.

And one more secret. Experiments have shown that it is most effective to feed not into the ground under the roots of columnar apple trees, but to spray the shoots themselves from a spray bottle or sprayer. At the same time, digestibility is much higher, consumption is less, and the result is then obvious!

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