4 Compulsory Spring Treatments Of The Garden From Diseases And Pests. Spraying Preparations, Timing. Photo

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4 Compulsory Spring Treatments Of The Garden From Diseases And Pests. Spraying Preparations, Timing. Photo
4 Compulsory Spring Treatments Of The Garden From Diseases And Pests. Spraying Preparations, Timing. Photo

Video: 4 Compulsory Spring Treatments Of The Garden From Diseases And Pests. Spraying Preparations, Timing. Photo

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Video: Organic Pest Control Spray for Your Vegetable Garden for Aphids & Chewing Insects 2023, January
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Spring is coming, and gardeners have more work, and with the onset of warmth, changes in the garden occur rapidly. On the plants that were still asleep yesterday, buds are already beginning to swell, everything literally comes to life before our eyes. After a long winter, this is good news. But along with the garden, its problems come to life - insect pests and pathogens. Weevils, flower beetles, aphids, klyasternosporiosis, moniliosis, scab, powdery mildew - you can list it for a long time, yes, I think you know them yourself. How to make sure that these uninvited guests are not in the garden, or at least there are fewer?

4 mandatory spring garden treatments for diseases and pests
4 mandatory spring garden treatments for diseases and pests

There are various ways to achieve this goal, but perhaps the simplest and most popular is spraying the garden with effective chemicals. Of course, I know about the harm that these products can cause to the environment, animals and us, but still … How many are ready to give them up? Here, in my opinion, the situation here is roughly the same as with mineral fertilizers. You can argue about this for a long time, but for many it is simple and effective, the main thing is to use it “wisely”. So, when and with what to spray in the spring, so that it is "smart"?

Content:

  • When to start spraying the garden against pests and diseases?
  • The first spring spraying is the most important thing
  • Second spraying of the garden in spring - "along the green cone"
  • Third spraying - "on the rose bud"
  • Fourth spring spraying of the garden - after flowering

When to start spraying the garden against pests and diseases?

The first thing to understand is that you are unlikely to solve the problem with a one-time spraying. After all, all the "problems" wake up not only in your garden, but also in the vicinity. Get rid of yourself for a short time, but the breeze will bring a new portion of both pests and diseases. Therefore, in the spring it is worth spraying 4 times.

Second. The fight should start immediately with the onset of the first warm days (in different regions it is different and it makes no sense to name specific dates). If you miss the first moment, and all this "evil" starts to creep and spread around the garden, then it will be more difficult to deal with it. And now specifically.

The first spring spraying is the most important thing

In my opinion, the first spraying of the garden is the most important, and you should definitely do it. It is carried out in early spring before the buds begin to swell on the plants at an average daily temperature of about +4. At this moment, the tree is still sleeping in the same way that overwintered pests and disease spores are sleeping. And you can use preparations of a fairly strong concentration without fear of harming the plants.

It's just worth taking a closer look at different plants, not all of them are in the same phase. For example, if the apple tree is still asleep, then the buds have already swollen on the black currant and strong solutions can harm it, simply burn it. Therefore, we approach the first spraying very carefully.

What to use? The classic, one hundred years already popular solution - "Bordeaux liquid". It is a mixture of two aqueous solutions of lime and copper sulfate. Someone prepares it on their own (and this must be done correctly), someone buys a ready-made set for cooking in a garden store ("Bordeaux mixture"). For the first spring spraying, use 3% Bordeaux liquid.

You can use ferrous sulfate by diluting it in water (300-500 grams per 10 liters). What does concentration depend on? The degree of infestation in your garden. With a weak infection, 300 grams is enough for a bucket of water, with a clearly sick garden, it is better to dissolve 500 grams.

Some gardeners use good old Nitrofen for their first spring spraying. To do this, in my opinion, is not worth it. He is “kind” in the sense of his effectiveness, but not at all “kind” to our health.

Much more interesting is the recently popular concentrated solution of urea (carbamide). Take about 700 grams of urea per 10 liters of water. You can add 50 grams of copper sulfate. Such a solution effectively fights both overwintered insect pests and spores of many diseases.

This solution has two additional "bonuses". On the one hand, it slows down the growing season a little (7-10 days), which can save flowers from spring frosts. On the other hand, it is nitrogen fertilizer, which is exactly what our plants need in spring. These are seemingly contradictory and, nevertheless, working properties.

There is a good option - "Drug 30-v". It is considered safe for us and the environment, because it simply creates a film on the surface of the sprayed plant, and the pests do not have the ability to "breathe". But it is worth remembering that he fights against insect pests, but not against diseases. And it should be used in those gardens that suffer from pests.

There are other drugs … When choosing one or another, the main criterion is whether it is suitable for early spring and processing at low temperatures (recall +4 degrees).

Second spraying of the garden in spring - "along the green cone"

The second spray is called the green cone spray. Already from the name it is clear that it is carried out after the buds of the plant begin to develop and protrude in the form of green, still tightly coiled cones. The expanding buds become vulnerable to strong solutions, in fact, as well as surviving and revived pests and diseases.

What to use? You can use the same Bordeaux liquid, but in a much lower concentration - 1%. But, in my opinion, it is much more effective to use modern drugs, and to prepare from them the so-called "tank mix". This means that in one bucket of water, you can mix two different drugs: one for disease control and the other for pest control.

For example, you can mix "Horus" (for scab, powdery mildew, moniliosis) and "Aktara" or "Decis" (insecticides). There are other options, the main thing is to carefully study the instructions, whether they are suitable for mixing with other drugs and whether there are any restrictions on air temperature. The use of preparations in the form of tank mixtures allows to reduce the number of treatments. Instead of separate control (first with pests, and then with diseases), you carry out one complex treatment. I hope you will do less harm to the environment.

Third spraying - "on the rose bud"

The third spraying is carried out at the time of the extension of the flower buds (they are still closed). Since most of the trees in our gardens have pink buds, this spraying is called “rose bud”. I will not talk about him for a long time. You can use the same tank mix of fungicides and insecticides.

The only remark - when buying this or that drug, pay attention not only to its name, but also to the active substance. Often, different manufacturers have the same thing under different names. And it is advisable to alternate preparations so that the active substance is different so that there is no addictive effect.

Fourth spring spraying of the garden - after flowering
Fourth spring spraying of the garden - after flowering

Fourth spring spraying of the garden - after flowering

The fourth spraying of the garden is also carried out with tank mixtures immediately after the end of flowering.

Now a few, in my opinion, important notes

  • In order for spring spraying to have a result, they must be done on time, focusing not on reference books, Internet resources or advice from video bloggers, but solely on the weather conditions and the phases of plant development in your garden.
  • It is necessary to treat the plant with this or that solution completely from the crown to the ground, and, by the way, it will not hurt to spray the trunk circle. If you miss something or just be lazy, it can nullify all your efforts, and the disease will flare up again (or the pest).
  • If the first spraying often allows you to process all the plants in the garden at the same time (they are all sleeping), then a strong differentiation in development begins. It is quite possible that when processing a tree "on a pink bud", there will be a flowering tree nearby, and therefore it is no longer possible to process it. Be careful.
  • Try to negotiate with your neighbors about simultaneous treatments, so the effect will be more complete.
  • Try to find and use drugs that are harmless to insect pollinators and animals, and such are available.
  • Do not forget that even if the package says that the drug is harmless, you should take care of protecting your skin, eyes and respiratory system. It is my firm belief that if a drug kills an insect, then it is not harmless for us either. They usually recommend using glasses and respirators, which, in my opinion, is uncomfortable. I like the transparent face masks, of course, with a hat and gloves included.

Of course, anything can happen and perhaps spraying will be needed both in summer and autumn, but it is these, the first four, that are, in my opinion, decisive and determining the health of your garden this season.

Good health to you and your garden! And a bountiful harvest!

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