How I Grow Tomatoes On A Trellis. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Method. Photo

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How I Grow Tomatoes On A Trellis. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Method. Photo
How I Grow Tomatoes On A Trellis. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Method. Photo

Video: How I Grow Tomatoes On A Trellis. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Method. Photo

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Video: Grow Way More Tomatoes In Less Space! - Best Way to Trellis Tomatoes EVER!!! 2023, February
Anonim

Astrakhan tomatoes ripen remarkably lying on the ground, but this experience should not be repeated in the Moscow region. Our tomatoes need support, support, a garter. My neighbors use all kinds of pegs, garters, loops, pre-made plant supports, and mesh fences. Each method of fixing a plant in an upright position has advantages and “side effects”. I'll tell you how I place tomato bushes on trellises, and what comes of it.

How I grow tomatoes on a trellis
How I grow tomatoes on a trellis

Content:

  • What is a trellis?
  • What my tomato garter trellis looks like
  • Advantages of the trellis method of growing tomatoes
  • Disadvantages of the trellis method of growing tomatoes
  • What tomatoes and where is it better to grow the trellis method

What is a trellis?

The word "trellis" is of Italian origin and one of its meanings is "shoulder". A shoulder to lean on. A trellis is called any structure that will support the plant, give it the necessary shape. In fact, a purchased decorative grille from a store is also a tapestry. But to buy such a tomato bush - you will go broke!

The trellis method involves the creation of a collective (for all bushes in a row) lattice and the subsequent fixation of plants on this structure. The grill is usually wood or made of wire.

Some people confuse the trellis method and the vertical garter method. Meanwhile, the difference is significant: in the first case - collective support, in the second - individual.

What my tomato garter trellis looks like

We made the trellis like this: two pillars at the beginning of the garden bed (20 cm between them) and two at the end. 2 rows of thick wire are stretched horizontally in the winding. Tomato bushes are located between them.

As they grow, the stems and brushes of tomatoes have to be distributed on a horizontally stretched wire, if necessary, they are attached to it with a piece of soft wire.

Instead of wire, you can use plastic rods or wooden slats. Iron slats should not be used, the iron heats up and its contact with leaves, stems and fruits is undesirable and even dangerous for the plant.

The height of the supports is 120-150 cm, between the horizontal braces - 20-25 cm, the first - 30 cm above the ground. It is better to strengthen the supports in advance with a "stretch", without waiting for them to fold under the weight of the harvest.

Scheme of my trellis for tomatoes: the height of the supports is 120-150 cm, between the horizontal stretch marks - 20-25 cm, the first - 30 cm above the ground
Scheme of my trellis for tomatoes: the height of the supports is 120-150 cm, between the horizontal stretch marks - 20-25 cm, the first - 30 cm above the ground

Advantages of the trellis method of growing tomatoes

Analyzing my own experience and the experience of my neighbors, I will try to briefly outline the pros and cons of using trellis for tomatoes.

So, why the trellis is very useful when growing tomatoes:

  • The trellis, in comparison with other methods of tying tomatoes, gives more freedom to the plant. Nothing pulls or binds anywhere. It just does not let you fall, it holds it securely.
  • Saving seedlings. You can leave 2-3 stems on the bush, while reducing the number of bushes in the garden.
  • The trellis provides excellent accessibility for treatments. Tomatoes planted in one row are easy to water, loosen, spray, pinch and collect.
  • Clusters of tomatoes placed on a trellis never break off under their own weight and ripen faster. The main thing is to "help" the tied brushes in a timely manner to position themselves evenly, without blocking each other, to fix them, taking into account the subsequent process of pouring the fruit.
  • A trellis can be created from a wide variety of materials, thereby keeping within any budget. In this case, you can use one and the same design for several years.
With the trellis method of growing tomatoes, it is important to fix the brushes with fruits on the supports in time
With the trellis method of growing tomatoes, it is important to fix the brushes with fruits on the supports in time

Disadvantages of the trellis method of growing tomatoes

Not without flaws here:

  • You will have to inspect and correct tomatoes on a trellis almost daily. If you do not keep track, the bush will "lie down", the stem will bend "in the wrong direction", the brush will hide from the sun.
  • It takes experience to properly place the bush on the trellis. Beginners do not always manage to evenly "spread out the bush" the first time, but often there are annoying accidental "breaking off" of a brush of unripe tomatoes or a stem.
  • The design of the trellis, simple at first glance, must be assembled thoroughly and thoughtfully, with a certain margin of safety. Otherwise, it can easily collapse and leave you without a crop.
  • The trellis needs to be processed every year, tomato diseases and pests "winter" well on it.
The trellis method of tying tomatoes implies collective support of the plants
The trellis method of tying tomatoes implies collective support of the plants

What tomatoes and where is it better to grow the trellis method

In my opinion, the trellis method of growing tomatoes is completely unsuitable for classic greenhouses. Where there is not enough space, the structure of the trellis will be touched all the time; tomatoes do not like this. Moreover, in a greenhouse, plants are usually planted in two rows, and it will be difficult to get through the trellis to the second row.

Hence, the trellis method is good for:

  • large greenhouses where plants grow in one row and have enough space in the aisles;
  • ground tomatoes in the middle lane, which first grow under a film cover, and only in mid-June are laid out on trellises;
  • for the southern regions.

The trellis method is useless when growing undersized tomatoes, tomatoes that do not require pinching. For such varieties, support pegs and slingshots are used.

The trellis is suitable for tall cherry tomatoes. For example, I grew the varieties "Cherry" and "Bull's eye". Large-fruited varieties such as Bull Heart, Three Fat Men and others ripen remarkably on a trellis.

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