May. Folk Calendar. Folk Omens, Holidays

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May. Folk Calendar. Folk Omens, Holidays
May. Folk Calendar. Folk Omens, Holidays

Video: May. Folk Calendar. Folk Omens, Holidays

Video: May. Folk Calendar. Folk Omens, Holidays
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The Greeks named the last month of spring in honor of the goddess of the mountains, Maya, as at this time the mountains in Greece are covered with greenery. For the Romans, Maya is the goddess of fertility, the spring renewal of the earth. The old Russian name for May is yarets, named after the Slavic sun god Yarila. In Ukrainian, May is grass: herbs grow, trees turn green.

The average monthly temperature is + 11.5 ° C.

A. K. Savrasov Rural view (1867)
A. K. Savrasov Rural view (1867)

Folk proverbs and signs of May

May warmth is unreliable.

  • May will deceive and go into the forest.
  • A good start promises a cold second half of the month.

Often there is a return of cold weather: at the time of flowering bird cherry - bird cherry cold. The usual cold snap at the end of the month is "seven years."

  • When the bird cherry blossoms, the cold always lives.
  • To plow in shirts - to sow in fur coats.
  • May - give the horse hay, and climb on the stove yourself.
  • Cold May is a grain-growing year.
  • March is dry and wet May - there will be porridge and loaf.
  • May dew is better for horses than oats.

The return of cold weather usually occurs in the first and third five days. Sometimes it snows: May 9, 1909; May 15, 1913, May 21, 1927, 1971

But "the frost of May will not squeeze out tears."

In the second half of the month, the weather is dry and hot - up to + 25 ° C.

The nightingale sang, which means that the birch has let go of the leaf. The nightingale sings when the dew from a birch leaf can get drunk.

Birch turns green 5-6 days before the temperature transitions above 10 ° C. You can plant potatoes. In early spring, planting begins a week after the deployment of birch leaves - at the time of flowering bird cherry.

Chaffinch fumes (displays a trill, like a cricket) - it will rain.

The peasant has a lot of work: "I would be glad to get married, but May does not order."

Seasonal Calendar

Phenomena Term
middle the earliest late
The first spring thunderstorm May 2 March 23 (1915) May 31 (1908)
Morels appear the 6th of May April 18 (1922) May 26 (1924)
Freezing air ends the 6th of May April 19 (1960) June 4 (1930)
May beetles fly out the 6th of May April 24 (1950) June 22 (1947)
Swallows arrive May 9 April 24 (1950) June 16 (1958)
The nightingale sings May 10 May 1 (1916) May 18 (1918)
Blooming:
dandelion May 11 April 30 (1934) May 25 (1941)
gooseberry May 14 May 1 (1950) May 23 (1927)
bird cherry 16th of May April 25 (1921) June 13 (1941)
May 17
May 20
plum May, 23rd May 5 (1906) June 8 (1912)
Temperature transition above 10 ° C 12 May April 24 (1934) June 11 (1941)
Swifts arrive May 14 May 8 (1921) June 24 (1943)
Plant potatoes May 3 (1935) June 1 (1944)

Detailed folk calendar for May

May 1 - Kuzma. This carrot and beet to Kuzma.

May 6 - Egoriy is warm.

  • Yegor came - and the spring will not leave.
  • Egoriy begins spring, Ilya (August 2) ends the summer.

May 8 - Mark.

  • On Mark, the sky is bright, the women in the hut are hot.
  • Songbirds arrive in flocks on Mark.

May 13 - Jacob. A warm evening and a starry quiet night on Jacob - to a windy, dry summer.

May 14 - Eremey the harness.

  • It's fine on Eremey - the cleaning is good.
  • It's bad weather on Eremei - you will miss the whole winter.
  • This week after Yegor (May 6) and another after Yeremey.

May 15 - Borisov Day - a nightingale holiday.

  • Borisov day - nightingale, nightingales begin to sing.
  • The nightingale began to sing - the water began to decline.

May 16 - Martha - green cabbage soup, thrush. The cows from the field come full.

The color of the bird cherry brings cold. Green grass - milk gain. The cow has milk on her tongue.

May 18 - Arina the nursery. Cabbage is planted in the ridges. At the same time, they said: "Do not be ankle, be belly, do not be empty, be tight, do not be red, be tasty, do not be old, be young, do not be small, be great!"

May 19 - Job - pea, borage, rossin.

  • Job the rossier dismissed the dew.
  • Large dew - for the harvest of cucumbers.

22nd of May. Nikolashchina. Nikola the Wonderworker. Patron saint of the people.

  • Nikola would come, but it would be warm.
  • Egoriy (May 6) with a body, and Nikola with a cart.
  • From Nikola Veshniy Sadi late potatoes.
  • From Nikola 12 frosts (matinees) remained, if not in spring, then on Semin's day (September 14).

May 24 - Mokiya Day - was considered an indicator of weather for the whole year.

  • It's wet on Mokiya - wet all summer.
  • If it is foggy on Mokiya and a crimson sunrise, and in the afternoon it rains - to a wet, dirty summer.

May 25 - Epifan. If it’s morning on Epifan in a red caftan, it’s a fire summer.

May 26 - Lukerya-Komarnitsa. Mosquitoes appear.

May 27 - Sidor.

  • Siverko is still on Sidor.
  • The Sidors passed, and the Siver passed.
  • Summer is cold on Sidor siverko.
  • Swifts and killer whales will fly to Sidor and bring warmth.

May 28 - Pakhom.

  • Pakhom came - the smell of warmth.
  • It is warm on Pakhom - warm all summer.

May 31 - Fedot.

  • Fedot will come and unfold the last oak leaf.
  • The oak is getting dressed - the cattle is eating up.
  • An oak in front of an ash tree will let a leaf - by a dry summer.
  • If Fedot is on the top of the oak with the edge, you will measure the oats with a tub.

Ascension is the last spring holiday

Copes on the 40th day after Easter. Ascension does not have its own constant date and in different years falls on different numbers. From this day on, spring gives way to summer.

From Ascension Day, spring then washed itself, bows to honest Semik, looks at the Trinity-Virgin from under a white handle.

May is a real holiday of spring. Leaves bloom near birch, mountain ash, alder, elm, hazel, lilac, jasmine, willow and many others. The bird cherry blossoms and fades; apple trees, yellow acacia, black currants, gooseberries, mountain ash and strawberries, lily of the valley, forget-me-not, lilac, celandine, budra, dandelion, primrose - rams, hoofs (sometimes even at the end of April) bloom, in spring puddles - marigold; in damp meadows - marsh violet, bather; strong sedge bloom; rape blooms profusely, pig mushrooms appear.

First cuckoo crowing; first song of the nightingale. City swallows and swifts, flycatchers, warblers arrive. Finches build nests. Lapwings lay eggs. The crows begin to fly from the nest.

The elk gave birth to a calf, sometimes two; a fox and a wolf are puppies. The bear is molting, ferrets, otters, and minks have cubs - in general, most of the animals have this breeding season.

A viper wakes up, a legless lizard - a spindle and other lizards. At the end of May, a gray toad emerges from its burrow and lays eggs with long cords.

Used materials:

V. D. Groshev. Calendar of the Russian farmer (folk signs)

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