Florist's Calendar For January. Works In January. Photo

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Florist's Calendar For January. Works In January. Photo
Florist's Calendar For January. Works In January. Photo

Video: Florist's Calendar For January. Works In January. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Mayesh Design Star: Asymmetrical Floating Floral Arch 2023, January
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Noisy and joyful holidays, long-awaited family meetings and merry winter fun in January come first. And even if at the beginning of the month there is no time to think about the garden shackled in winter, every summer resident, even at the beginning of the new calendar year, does not forget about work on his site. After all, no one has canceled monitoring of both the snow cover and the stored reserves. But the main effort in January should be focused on planning, landscape assessment and preparation for the coming spring boom. Indeed, it is in the middle of winter, while the period of growing seedlings is just beginning, that you can really think over the compositions and buy seeds and planting material at competitive prices.

In January, we continue to shake off snow from trees and shrubs, check the shelters of ornamental plants
In January, we continue to shake off snow from trees and shrubs, check the shelters of ornamental plants

Planning and design

Once your favorite half-month-long holidays are over, it's time to use the December assessment and plan your garden season ahead. Planning in January is in the foreground. And not only because it is the quietest month on the calendar. After all, it is in this month that it is worth finally deciding on the seedlings that they plan to grow on their own and buy all the seeds.

But it is still worth starting not with "little things". In the middle of winter, during a visit to the site, in order to monitor the condition of plants and winter shelters, it is worth examining the garden in terms of the fullness of the compositions. After all, the “skeletal” basis of the garden, the quality of its design, is manifested only in winter. If the garden seems empty and boring, then the compositions need to be worked out, adding basic elements that structure accents and plants that are attractive throughout the year.

Winter assessment should be carried out annually, even for those objects that seem perfect or have been corrected before. Winter reveals not only the crowns of trees and shrubs, but also the quality of the design. And nothing - neither bright flowers nor variegated leaves - distracts from the most important thing.

Having thus completed the assessment of the design of the garden and determining the necessary measures for its correction, proceed to planning:

  • consider planting additional plants or replacing them with more spectacular ones;
  • plan new flower beds or seasonal accents;
  • decide on the color scheme and tasks of summer gardeners, their future use and quantity;
  • make changes and updates to your favorite compositions, think over the filling of voids and other aspects of correcting the appearance of decorative ensembles;
  • make a list of plants that you will need to implement your plan;
  • think over a plan for the acquisition and planting of plants.

Do not forget to think carefully about the seedling planting schedule. Make a plan so that with the arrival of February you do not get confused and do not forget about important nuances. In the plan, it is better to display not only the order of planting, but also the timing of germination, features of care, the required conditions for the reproduction of specific plants. The information gathered in one plan will help save yourself unnecessary trouble and simplify the process.

We buy seeds, planting material and more

In January, when the holiday boom in shops, flower and garden centers is over, the demand for garden tools and planting materials falls. And it is in January that you can purchase seeds of ornamental plants, bulbs and root tubers with significant savings. January is also perfect for ordering plants from catalogs: even with the longest delivery times, new items will reach you just before planting.

When replenishing your seed stock, do not forget to immediately check all information about the plant, the expiration dates of the seeds and the planned planting dates. And immediately make changes to the seedling plan and the schedule of sowing and planting in the soil, so as not to do the same work twice and not waste precious spring time.

Also worth restocking:

  • pots and containers for planting plants;
  • ready-made substrates for seedlings and potting;
  • fertilizers;
  • fungicides and insecticides;
  • growth stimulants;
  • garden tools.
In January, you can start sowing plants with a long growing season
In January, you can start sowing plants with a long growing season

Checking seed germination

Despite the fact that the time for actually sowing seeds for seedlings has not come (with rare exceptions), it is better to prepare for the process in advance. The most important step is to test seeds for germination. It is carried out for old seeds that are in the collection for more than 2 seasons: if they have lost their germination, you will still have time to buy new ones and do not waste time and effort on fruitless crops.

It is very simple to carry out such a check:

  1. Soak a paper napkin, cheesecloth or a piece of cotton cloth in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, place on a plate and scatter 5-10 seeds on the surface.
  2. Cover the seeds with the free end of the cloth and set the plate in a warm place.
  3. Wait for pecking: if 50% or more of the seeds hatch, then your seeds can be used. Seeds with 90-100% germination can be sown as usual. If the germination rate ranges from 50 to 60%, then the crops will need to be doubled.

The first sowing for seedlings for impatient annuals

At the very end of January, you can already sow the first seedlings. True, most often gardeners limit themselves to fresh greens for March, and ornamental crops are sown nevertheless in February. But if you want to speed up the flowering of Shabo carnations and other summer plants with a long growing season, and the weather and the amount of light allow you to do early summer plants in the last days of January, do not delay sowing.

Shabo cloves, begonia, kobei, pelargonium, ageratum, etc. are sown in low boxes or bowls up to 6 cm high, in a disinfected substrate treated with boiling water or potassium permanganate, spreading the seeds into grooves up to 0.5 cm deep rarely, after 1 cm. Distance for row spacings, it is better to leave about 2-3 cm. You need to germinate the seeds in a warm place, but in shade, covering with a film or glass and protecting the crops from light with paper from above. The paper is removed after the emergence of seedlings, the film - as they grow.

Control of covered plants

Even a shelter made by conscience for the winter for capricious horticultural crops is still worth examining periodically. After all, wind, precipitation, frost can damage the layers of the wrappers, destroy the hillock. Inspect all shelters, reinforce them if they are falling apart or completely restore the top layer.

Pay attention to the fact that the layer of snow that protects the plants is also not disturbed. Perennials and roses that prefer to winter under a white blanket, inspect, if necessary, add snow again. If the trunks of decorative trees and shrubs are exposed, do not forget to add snow to them.

Check the outside of the hedges as well. If the mats or shields that protect the green walls from chemicals and dirt are destroyed, too damaged, restore the shelter: spring is not coming soon, and plants, even with small gaps between the shields, can seriously suffer from the proximity to the roadway and roads.

Throughout January, continue to trample snow between clumps, around large plants. This is necessary to compact the covering, destroy the passages of mice and other rodents, and protect the plants.

Do not forget about other objects that attract rodents - heaps of brushwood and compost pits, other accumulations of materials on the site. Be sure to check them, place traps and baits in a timely manner, so that after the winter such a shelter does not become an unpleasant surprise, leading to the massive spread of rodents.

Clear paths of snow and ice
Clear paths of snow and ice

Clearing the white blanket from the garden must continue

January is a month of heavy snowfalls and no less severe frosts. And you need to constantly get rid of excess snow, redistribute it on the site in time, focusing on the weather. It is imperative to cover the paths with a thick "shield" in a timely manner, not allowing the snow to accumulate, and to cover the paths with a thick "shield" for icing, clean all garden areas and paths.

If a crust of ice has managed to form, then very carefully use special plant-safe preparations or classic salt (but then make sure that not the slightest grain of snow with chemicals gets into the soil of flower beds and borders nearby).

Do not forget to take care not only of the paths, but also of the plants. After all, not all crops can withstand a heavy cover. Show special diligence if wet snow has fallen, there are thaws, the temperature fluctuates. They shake off snow not only from the crowns of all evergreens and conifers, but also other ornamental and woody shrubs in garden compositions. If you did not have time and the branches broke, immediately treat the wounds with garden varnish or special preparations.

When cleaning the snow and transferring it to the flower beds, do not forget that in January, as in December, you cannot walk on the lawn, and the snow on it must lie in a thin, fluffy and not at all thick layer.

Checking stocks of bulbous and corms

All plants stored outside the soil in winter, in January, as well as throughout the winter, must be carefully examined and checked regularly. At the same time, the inspection should not be "lazy": inspect literally every corm, check if the tissue has lost its elasticity, whether there are traces of drying out, premature germination, spread of rot on them.

At the first signs of a violation of the conditions of detention, correct them, and cut the damage on the bulb to healthy tissues (not forgetting to process the sections), or throw out too infected bulbs before the problem spreads to neighbors.

Do not forget to inspect the cuttings if they are also stored indoors after rooting. Provide meager but regular watering, watch for signs of disease spread and the condition of the substrate.

Conduct an audit of the planting material stored until spring planting
Conduct an audit of the planting material stored until spring planting

Greenhouses, greenhouses and wintering tubs and pots

Garden plants that hibernate in a warm or partially warm conservatory and greenhouse, indoor conditions, need a special approach. Such plants should receive proper care, but you should not overdo it with watering, just maintaining vitality. Water for irrigation can be used only slightly warm, warmed up. But what should be paid special attention to is the air temperature and its stability.

On sunny days, under the rays of only the seemingly cold sun, greenhouses should be regularly ventilated, lowering both the temperature and humidity of the air, and also providing fresh air to the plants. Do not forget about the prevention of pests and diseases, do not let dust accumulate on the leaves of plants, which preserve greenery for the winter.

Plants overwintering in a cool room for a month, when the temperature reaches a minimum, should also be given increased attention. Monitor conditions. Examine crops carefully at least once this month in order to notice signs of pests in time.

Pay attention to the snow at the top of the structures. A blanket of snow can be heavy not only on shrubs but also on glass. Try to remove a thick, uneven layer of snow in a timely manner, but do not rush to remove a snow cover of small thickness: snow is an excellent heat insulator for both greenhouses and greenhouses.

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