Table of contents:
- 1. You made the wrong choice
- 2. Change the lighting
- 3. Adjust watering
- 4. Change the pot
- 5. Adjust the humidity
- 6. How does your flower feed?
- 7. Provide a dormant period for the plant
- 8. Treat diseases, fight pests
Indoor plants have become so firmly established in our lives that without them it is already impossible to imagine an apartment or office. Large and small, flowering and decorative leafy, they create coziness and enliven the interior, delighting us with their healthy appearance and frustrating with wilting. They cannot speak, therefore they will not tell what they do not like, but by the appearance of the plant, by the state of its leaves, flowering or its absence, you can guess a lot. If the plant has “lost its appearance”, does not grow, does not bloom or dies before our eyes, it means that something or someone is interfering with it. To your attention - 8 most likely reasons why a houseplant dies. Having eliminated the cause, he, for sure, can be saved.
1. You made the wrong choice
Often, once in a flower shop and seeing the unearthly beauty of beautiful buds or flowers that have already opened, an incredible color or an interesting shape of decorative deciduous plants, an unlucky visitor succumbs to his desire and buys a wonderful flower. It is good if a person knows what kind of plant he has acquired, what conditions he needs for growth.
But it also happens that the mysterious name on the label says absolutely nothing to the buyer. Meanwhile, many flowers, especially flowering plants, are brought to us from Holland or other European countries, where the flower business is a whole industry. Such plants are grown there in huge numbers and are often sold as living bouquets.
Instead of soil - a nutritious substrate that accelerates growth, special hormones for vigorous flowering and a spray on the leaves to give shine. Not surprisingly, if such a plant dies in a month or two, there will be tranno, if it survives at all.
But this does not mean that you cannot buy flowers in the store - you can, of course, but until then you need to learn as much as possible about the plant. And if the conditions in the apartment allow growing this kind - good lighting, sufficient humidity, no drafts - then go ahead!
The first thing that needs to be done is to transplant the plant into good soil. Although many experts do not recommend transplanting in the first two weeks after purchase, they say, you need to give time to adapt to new conditions. But immediately, or two weeks later, you will have to transplant a new plant.
To do this, the easiest way is to buy a soil substrate intended for certain species, or universal (for plants that are not particularly demanding on the composition of the soil). It is better to take a plastic pot, with a diameter of 1 cm larger than the one in which the plant is located. And the main thing is to try to create the flower the most suitable conditions for humidity, lighting and air temperature. This is especially important at first.
2. Change the lighting
Not all plants are equally demanding for light. Some need bright, but diffused light, others - partial shade, and still others grow well in the shade. Errors when choosing a location for such flowers manifest themselves in different ways.
Photophilous ones, finding themselves in a poorly lit place, stretch out, the foliage turns pale and becomes rare due to the elongated internodes. In flowering plants, buds fall off or not at all. In plants with variegated foliage, colored elements disappear, the leaf becomes monotonously green. The whole plant has a frail, nondescript appearance. Shade-tolerant plants in bright light slow down growth, the leaves turn pale, become dull, and sometimes turn yellow and fall off.
In this case, no treatment or special care is needed, it is enough just to change the location taking into account the flower's need for light.
3. Adjust watering
Inexperienced growers, most often, lose their flowers due to watering errors. One often hears the question - how often to water, how many times a week? And some gardeners advise - once a week or two, or every other day. This is wrong. Such recommendations cannot be given in absentia.
The reasons why the soil in a pot dries quickly or slowly can be very different:
- indoor humidity - if the air is dry, the soil will dry out faster;
- air temperature - in a cool room you can water less often;
- pot material - soil dries quickly in clay containers, a little slower in ceramic ones covered with glaze, and even slower in plastic containers.
Therefore, the best advice is to water when the topsoil dries up, then the midges will not start. And there are not very many indoor plants that like water in large quantities, such as cyperus.
4. Change the pot
Another mistake that beginners often make is the "growing pot". Often, having bought a small palm tree, ficus or other plant in the store, which should turn into a powerful specimen with age, inexperienced growers immediately buy a large pot so that the roots are free and do not need to be transplanted again.
In no case should you do this! A young growing plant, as a rule, is transplanted every year, replacing the soil and gradually increasing the pot - the new one should be 1-2 cm larger than the previous one. The earthen lump in the pot must be completely entwined with roots, otherwise the soil will acidify, the plant will stop growing and eventually die.
If you have a flower with a similar problem, transplant it into a smaller pot, and the sooner the better. When transplanting such a plant, you need not only to change the ground, but also to rinse the roots well.
Many flowering plants, once in a large pot, stop blooming, directing all their strength to the growth of roots and green mass. This also needs to be remembered.
5. Adjust the humidity
Most of our houseplants come from countries with tropical or subtropical climates. Both those and others love high humidity. The air in our apartments and houses is quite dry, especially in winter when heating systems are turned on.
Excessive humidity can be judged by the dark spots on the leaves and shoots of flowers. Sometimes you can see a gray fluffy plaque at the points of attachment of leaf petioles to the trunk - this is gray rot. Not many types of plants are grown in indoor floriculture, which are contraindicated in high humidity, but they are. These are, first of all, cacti and succulents, geraniums, pelargonium and violets.
Indoor flowers with thin leaves especially suffer from lack of air humidity. This is understandable, because the plant stores the moisture reserve in the leaf plate, and the thicker it is, the more hardy the view.
Insufficient humidity can be judged by several signs:
- the tips of the leaves turn yellow, then dry;
- flowers, buds fall;
- leaves droop and turn yellow;
- spider mites appear on some plants.
The situation should not be allowed to flow, otherwise the flowers will die. It is necessary to try by any means to increase the humidity of the air. If there is a humidifier - great, but if not - you need to spray the plants daily with soft, settled water.
In winter, it is better to group the flowers - in thin thickets, the air humidity will be slightly higher. Particularly delicate specimens can be placed on pebbles in trays filled with water. In this case, you need to ensure that the bottom of the pot is above the water level. If the heating battery is near the flowers, and there is no way to change the location, you should try to isolate the plants from the warm air - cover the battery with a shield, blanket or any other material.
6. How does your flower feed?
Flowers growing in pots quickly use up the supply of nutrients in the soil, and if not replenished, their deficiency will affect the appearance in the most sad way. However, excess nutrition is equally dangerous. You can determine the problem by the color of the leaves and the general condition of the plant.
Nitrogen. With a lack of this element, the plant stops growing, there are no new growths, the leaves thin out, and the leaf plates become pale, then turn yellow. With an excess of this element, on the contrary, one can observe a lush growth of greenery, and flowering may be delayed or not at all.
Phosphorus. Its deficiency weakens the plant, making the flower easily vulnerable to diseases and pests. You can determine the lack of phosphorus by the leaves, which lose their luster, at first become dark green, then turn brown and acquire a purple hue. New leaves grow small and narrow, often affected by necrosis. With prolonged phosphorus starvation, the tops of the shoots and the edges of the leaves gradually dry out and die off. An excess of this element also negatively affects the development of the plant.
Potassium. It is necessary for plants to produce sugar, starch, proteins and various enzymes, without which normal growth is impossible. This element is also responsible for the flower's ability to regulate water consumption and resist cold. With a lack of potassium, the edges of the leaves dry out and curl, and the whole plant looks scorched. Young growths do not develop at full strength and look underdeveloped. Some of the old shoots die off, and during flowering, foliage may drop. Brown necrotic burns along the edges of the leaves indicate an excess of potassium in the soil.
Magnesium. Also very important for indoor plants. With a deficiency of this element, chlorosis appears on the leaves in the form of spots, the interveinal sections of the leaf grow faster than the veins, as a result of which the surface of the leaf plate becomes bumpy. Necrotic spots appear on irregularities.
Calcium, boron, sulfur, iron and several other elements are also important for good growth and flowering of indoor plants. Correct, balanced nutrition increases the immunity of plants, they are less susceptible to various diseases and pests, better tolerate stress.
In flower shops today there is a huge selection of various fertilizers, and you can choose what you need for each flower. It is important when diluting drugs to adhere to the doses recommended in the instructions and remember that almost all plants have a dormant period when feeding is excluded.
7. Provide a dormant period for the plant
Some flowers do not tolerate the absence of a dormant period. If nature has laid down that a plant has a growing season when it grows, blooms and bears its fruits, and a dormant period, when it rests from all these affairs, there is no point in arguing with this. It is necessary to provide the plant with this very rest.
For most indoor flowers, you need very little - a little less air temperature, a little less watering and a little more humidity, stop feeding and, we can assume, peace is provided. A rested plant will start growing in the spring and will delight you with the next flowering.
Lack of winter dormancy weakens the plant, foliage falling or shoots stretching out in winter is often observed. At the same time, problems arise with flowering.
About which plants need complete rest in the winter, and for which it is not required, read our material "Features of wintering indoor plants."
8. Treat diseases, fight pests
Signs of diseases and pests are easily detected by regular inspection of plants. The problem can get into the house with a new flower, therefore, when acquiring another "tenant", it is necessary to provide him with quarantine and keep him separate from other flowers for 3-4 weeks. During this time, one can understand whether the plant is pure or not.
When the first signs of pests appear, the fight should be started immediately, since it is harmful insects that spread fungal diseases.
Whiteflies, aphids, scale insects, spider mites, mealybugs and other insects sometimes appear on indoor plants. Some of them can be seen with the naked eye, others can be recognized by various marks on the leaves - sticky plaque, cobwebs, spots and holes on the leaves. Having found these signs, you need to immediately treat the flowers with an insecticide, if possible, systemic.
For indoor flowers it is better to use biological preparations - "Fitoverm", "Avertin" and the like. These products are of low toxicity for humans and pets, but are quite effective against harmful insects.
Of the diseases for indoor plants, the most dangerous are powdery mildew, downy mildew, dark mold and other fungal diseases. When the first signs of damage appear, it is necessary to treat all flowers with a fungicide, and if necessary, repeat the treatment.
Dear Readers! Growing houseplants can be a real passion or a little hobby - it doesn't matter. It is important that flowers should delight, and this is possible only if the plants are healthy. To achieve this is not difficult at all - you need to know what kind of flower got into your house, what conditions and care are preferable for it, and try to create these very conditions and care for it. A little care, attention and houseplants will surely thank you with beautiful healthy leaves and luxurious flowers.