Florist's Calendar For December. Works In The Flower Garden In December. Photo

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Florist's Calendar For December. Works In The Flower Garden In December. Photo
Florist's Calendar For December. Works In The Flower Garden In December. Photo

Video: Florist's Calendar For December. Works In The Flower Garden In December. Photo

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With the arrival of frost and snowfall, the long-awaited holidays begin for all gardeners. But even in a long winter, when a snow-white veil wraps the garden kingdom in frosty shackles, one should not completely rest from garden troubles. And you shouldn't forget about the garden and its main characters - plants. The focus in December is on decorative ensembles, flower beds and paved floors. The main work should be aimed at combating snow, its competent distribution over the site. But it is better not to postpone both monitoring and planning.

In December, it is also necessary to carefully monitor the ornamental plants and territory
In December, it is also necessary to carefully monitor the ornamental plants and territory

Safety and cleanliness come first

In winter, the garden must be cleaned of snow. But far from everywhere and everywhere you need to get rid of the snow cover. First of all, after snowfalls, you should get rid of the fluffy blanket as soon as possible on all paths, paths, paved areas, terraces, porch, stairs.

In short, on all objects that are intended for movement in the garden and for which the snow, gradually turning into a crust of ice, can be destructive. Snow removal is necessary not only for easier movement, but also for the safety of stone and concrete structures, your safety.

Correcting nature and redistributing snow

When clearing your garden, paths and areas from the snow that has fallen, you should not rush to throw out the fluffy shelter from the site. Snow is not only reliable, but also vital for a successful wintering.

After all, it is not for nothing that most of the flowering species of horticultural crops are so afraid of a snowless winter. And so that there is no risk of freezing of plants, it is better to provide a fluffy cover with your own hands. Bulbous plants, perennials from phlox to irises, roses, standard plants, vines and shrubs and other garden crops bent to the soil overwinter so well.

When cleaning paths and trails, throw snow on the beds and flower beds. And where the situation is too windy, create a particularly powerful coating and additionally install snow-retaining shields from branches, boards, and other devices for plants in wind-blown places. When the cleaning is over, trample a blanket around ornamental trees, bushes, between clumps of plants.

This must be done not only to compact the cover, to provide a reliable shelter even with significant temperature fluctuations, but also to make it difficult for mice and other rodents to move underground. Wrap the plants in snow starting with the first snowfall in December and keep pace until the end of winter.

One of the tasks in December is to clear the paths of snow and ice on time
One of the tasks in December is to clear the paths of snow and ice on time

Shaking off snow from trees and shrubs and monitoring their condition

Ornamental representatives of the shrub-woody group more than their fruit and berry competitors need help during the winter. Dense branching, fragile shoots, not to mention grafting, constant pruning, leaving only young branches - these are the factors due to which ornamental plants are more vulnerable to the snow burden than powerful and rare crowns in an orchard.

If too much snow falls, the plant may simply break under its weight, and even more so if the snowfall is combined with a thaw period and such a shelter is especially heavy, wet, dense. It is necessary to shake off the snow from the crowns of both evergreens and deciduous plants after all heavy snowfalls and a rise in temperatures.

Just take a walk in the garden and shake the white blanket from the branches, no matter how beautiful it seems to you. In many ways, this work will be facilitated by taking care of the protective seal of the crowns: it is better to tie coniferous and other ornamental trees with twine, tighten the crown so that the risk of damage under the snow is minimal.

In addition to shaking off snow, try to carefully examine your decorative pets. If you see even a small crack, crack, immediately treat them with garden varnish. Check the cuts, log cabins, wounds, hemp made in the fall: if the weather permits, try in December to re-process all the cuts with garden pitch or a special wound treatment. You should immediately react at the first signs of a red ulcer on the plants: the branches should be cut off immediately to healthy tissues, followed by processing the wood.

If you didn't manage to do this in the fall or accidentally missed spoiled fruits and berries, left them on the branches, then remove them when visiting the garden in December. The crowns should also be examined for traces of pest nests. This month, some gardeners are used to removing and destroying all achenes, fruits and panicles from ornamental plants, but if they still decorate the garden, do not rush.

Unlike fruit plants, on ornamental plants they will not become a refuge for pests and fungi. Moreover, beautiful berries and seeds will become an additional source of food for birds and animals and will help your garden to be attractive even in winter.

A special approach to lawns

Green carpets need a completely different approach: the snow cover for them must never be trampled down. Moreover, during the winter, it is better not to walk on the lawns at all. Do not direct snow from paths onto lawns. The lawn does not need large snowdrifts, but an even natural covering from 10 cm in height will be beneficial. If, as a result of the temperature difference, the site turns out to be frozen and crusty, then it must be carefully destroyed, split.

The lawns can still be cleaned before the first snow by removing leaves and other debris from them. This is the last chance to do all the necessary procedures. But cleaning is possible only on a fine, dry and warm day.

If in December the ground is not yet frozen, then lay a site for a new lawn not in early spring, but in the beginning of winter. Just turn over the lumps of soil on the site and let the winter fluff the soil. This will greatly simplify the process of creating a new lawn.

Pond chores

With the arrival of severe frosts, start regularly monitoring the degree of freezing of water in the pond. Do not let the mirror freeze completely and be sure to leave at least a small hole for air to enter. You can strengthen it, protect it from freezing with foam or plastic bottles.

Take care of wintering birds by constructing feeders for them
Take care of wintering birds by constructing feeders for them

Chemical attack

If ice has formed on the tracks, it will be very difficult to clean them without salt and other anti-icing agents without harming the coating. Today, the choice of products is wide, and many drugs are considered almost safe for plants. But when working with any chemical composition, and even more so with salt, be careful. It should be applied so as not to harm the plants in the garden, especially crops located close to paths.

Try to scatter the preparations carefully, so that not a grain of it falls on the soil. And the snow from the paths, even that fell out after icing, must be thrown out, thrown out of the site.

Fences growing along the perimeter of the site also need protection from chemicals. Green walls that border the carriageway and road should be protected from salt and chemicals with the help of foil, reed mats and mandatory dry mulching of the soil under the plants. Perfectly protects the soil from the influence of chemicals sawdust, bark, shavings. In the spring, the mulch is thrown away, and the shelter is removed.

Finishing touches for the shelter of roses and other plants

In December, you need to close all the cracks and holes in the shelters of roses, if the weather allowed them to be left before the beginning of winter to effectively ventilate the bushes.

For other sheltered plants, inspect the protection and, if damaged by wind or rain, replenish the foliage, touch up the wrappers, and replace the materials. Of those roses and shrubs that hibernate without shelter, it is imperative to remove the last leaves (if you have not done this before).

Planting large trees and removing stumps

If you are looking to purchase an already mature plant for a quick design, then December is the ideal month to buy large plants. The slowed down development and almost stopped sap flow processes will allow you to relocate to your garden with minimal injuries. Planting should be carried out in accordance with the instructions of the nursery that has grown the tree or shrub, but the main thing is to provide the plant with stretching, high-quality soil mulching and a minimum of injuries during the transshipment process.

It is best to get rid of those trees that you decided to give up due to old age, illness, damage also in December. It is easiest to uproot stumps, cut off ground parts and clear the area at the beginning of winter. Moreover, this way the efforts to bring the soil in order will be minimal.

We continue to prepare for the big frosts for furniture and Co

Metal, wooden furniture, garden interior items wintering in the open air, various objects of small architecture and sculpture in the garden, which do not need to be taken indoors for the winter, must be protected from ice in December. If you haven't done so beforehand, be sure to cover any remaining items in the garden with waterproof wrap or other shelter that will help protect the structures from moisture and ice.

Do not forget about the equipment that you continue to use even in the cold season and the garden helpers running on fuel. At the beginning of the month, you must:

  • remove the spark plugs;
  • drain fuel (both gasoline and oil-gasoline mixtures).

If some inventory or equipment needs repair, take it up at the very beginning of winter and do not postpone the process until the last.

Don't forget about the ubiquitous rodents and other animals

Throughout December, be as attentive to rodents as possible. In the first month of winter, they can get close to the succulent bulbous and tuberous plants growing in the soil, covet your stocks of planting material with favorite spring and summer accents, not to mention the tender bark of young seedlings. Try at the first signs of detecting activity of mice and other animals to take action: prepare a supply of poisoned baits, traps, modern means of rodent control.

But useful animals in December cannot do without your help. Be sure to take care of hedgehogs and birds, which, even at the very beginning of winter, will suffer from a lack of food. Place feeders around the garden and hang out treats for the birds, and be sure to replenish feed supplies periodically. With your help, the long and hungry winter may not be so harsh. And with the advent of an active season, animals will more than thank you for your care, help fight pests and fill the gardens with life and sounds.

Pay attention to planting materials stored until spring
Pay attention to planting materials stored until spring

Monitoring of planting material stored outside the soil

In December, when the largest temperature difference occurs, it is extremely important to carefully monitor the conditions in which tulips, gladioli, and root tubers of other favorite perennials are stored. After all, the risk of excessive humidity and heat is very high. Check that the correct temperature is maintained, avoid dampness and constantly ventilate the rooms so that moist air does not stagnate.

The plants themselves need to be checked: inspect the tubers and bulbs for signs of rot, change the peat and sand in a timely manner if you store the plants in the substrate. At the slightest sign of rot, trim the damage and try to save the planting material by treating the sections with a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicide and sprinkling with charcoal. If the damage is severe, discard the root tubers immediately.

At the first signs of insufficient moisture, wrinkling, drying out, increase the soil moisture and water the plants overwintering in the substrate, slightly moisten the bulbs.

Pay attention to cuttings that are in the rooting stage or that remain until spring. Inspect them as often as the stored stocks of bulbs and tubers. And at the first signs of decay, the spread of mold, immediately destroy the diseased specimens.

Pot and tubs also need inspections

Plants that do not have sufficient frost resistance to winter in the garden and are taken to rooms with different conditions for the dormant period need careful care and constant inspections. Watering is needed for these plants even during wintering, but they should be meager, restrained. For procedures, you can use only water of the same temperature with the air in the room. It is better to remove damaged branches, too thin and long shoots immediately, without waiting for spring.

Do not allow dust to accumulate on the leaves of evergreen crops. Inspections of plants for traces of pests and diseases should be carried out every week: the sooner you identify the problem, the easier and faster you will cope with it. A spider mite is a particular danger to garden plants wintering indoors.

If the plants overwinter in a cold conservatory or greenhouse with an unheated floor, then it is imperative to put stands under the pots: they will help prevent cooling of the root system.

Putting things in order in the seed store

The seed fund, the stock of seeds purchased or personally collected in the garden is also better to disassemble in December. This way, you will not only have time to draw up your shopping plans and take advantage of the most favorable discount periods on time, but you will also be able to prepare to plan your plantings for the next year.

List all the seeds and planting material in stock, check the expiration periods, sowing dates. Discard seeds that are no longer suitable for planting. And those in need of stratification (seeds of a swimsuit, gentian, aconite, adonis, etc.) - place in the cold. And be sure to make a schedule for planting plants for seedlings, so that you do not return to this question later.

Pre-holiday shopping

December is a great month to buy new planting material. Corms, bulbs and seeds can be bought at a discount at the end of the year, and pre-holiday promotions will help you save a lot. If you have time to assess your stocks, you can replenish the seed stock with significant budget savings.

Gifts from tools and other garden helpers are also worth considering this month. After all, sales and promotions often come with surprises. And "on the fresh track" you can make more rational purchases.

Summarize the past season

After the New Year, it will be time for planning. And in December it's time to start evaluating the past season. And take a day or two to take stock, undo positive and negative changes, or unexpected happenings.

Evaluate flower beds, ridges, decorative plantings, individual plants (especially young ones). Note the positive and negative aspects of crops, the necessary adjustments to growing conditions and the main features of care. Using them, you can competently draw up a plan for gardening work for the next year and think over changes in the design.

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