Table of contents:
- Harvesting seeds
- We carry out feeding
- We continue to fight pests
- Helping the garden prepare for frost
- Preparing the beds for the next season
Video: Gardening Calendar For September. September Works In The Garden And Vegetable Garden. Photo
So the summer is over - September comes into its own. However, we will not have to breathe a sigh of relief for gardeners soon. A lot of trouble awaits us in the first month of autumn. But what about - winter is ahead and you need to prepare for it in advance!
Despite the fact that many vegetable and fruit crops have already given most of the harvest, there is still something to collect in the garden and in the garden. In September, late varieties of pears and apples ripen, late and remontant strawberries give off the last berries, raspberries still hang on the bushes, grapes and figs ripen. Tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins, squash ripen on the beds. It's time to harvest late potatoes, store onions and garlic.
Before frost, you need to dig up the beets. But with carrots, you can wait - the first frosts are not terrible for it. If you remove it from the beds now, 40% of the crop mass will be lost.
As soon as night temperature readings approach + 8 ° C, you must immediately pick unripe tomatoes. Pull out small-fruited varieties together with the bush and hang in a ventilated place, put large fruits for ripening in boxes. Moreover, if the stalk is cut off, the tomatoes will ripen faster, if left, the process will be delayed. Recommended temperature for ripening is from +20 to +25 ° C.
It would be nice to help white cabbage in September. Those plants where the forks have gained a significant mass must be dug in order to tear the roots, or tear off the lower leaves from them. This technique will keep the heads of cabbage from cracking.
If the storage for vegetables is not yet ready, you must take care of it too: ventilate, wash, disinfect.
At the beginning of autumn, you can still collect seeds. At this time, beans ripen, dill umbrellas dry up, lettuce panicles swell. Seeds of artichoke, lemon balm, sorrel, perennial onions, asparagus are often ready for harvest.
To obtain seed material next year, this month it is already possible to select specimens of mother plants of radish, carrot, beet, cabbage (white, red, Savoy, Brussels sprouts), celery, parsley, parsnip, turnip.
But do not try to collect seeds from hybrid plants - they do not retain the properties of their parents, they will have to be purchased again.
We carry out feeding
In September, it is still necessary to carry out top dressing. First, in the garden:
- apply the main fertilizer for fruit crops once every four years;
- once every two years under the gooseberry;
- annually for currants and garden strawberries.
Secondly, in the garden: for late cabbage.
At the same time, nitrogen fertilizers are already banned, but phosphorus and potash fertilizers are only welcome. Phosphorus stimulates the development of fruits, and potassium increases the winter hardiness of plants.
In the second half of September, winter garlic is already being planted in some regions. The time of its planting must be chosen so that about two weeks remain before a strong cold snap. This will allow the bulbs to take root, but not yet expel the foliage. In this state, they will better endure the winter and will grow faster in the spring.
It is already possible to sow dill, lettuce and radish for autumn use.
It is good to occupy the empty beds with green manure.
In September, the time comes to renew the plantings of garden strawberries. If a new variety is planned for planting, then the seedlings must be bought carefully: those plants that are sold in individual pots will take root better, have a developed, but not overgrown pot, root system and at least three real healthy leaves. If new bushes are taken from their own strawberry, then it is good if they are selected from the most productive plants, from the second - fourth bud of the antennae (odd buds are reserve, young plants do not form on them).
You can plant strawberries until the end of the month, but the best period is still the first - second decade of September. It is especially not recommended to delay the transplant in those regions where winter comes early - the plants must have time to take root before the frost in order to survive the winter cold.
From mid-September, for the middle zone and more northern regions, the time comes for planting young seedlings of fruit trees and berry bushes (in the south from October). What is good about the autumn planting? Private traders often save fruits for a sample, which allows them to establish themselves in the choice of the purchased variety. The root of the planted seedlings has time to develop before frost. The lack of heat means less watering and less attention to young plantings. However, you should not buy planting material before the natural shedding of the leaves, since such trees often have unripe shoots and therefore are more at risk of being damaged by frost.
September is a good time for grafting black currants (red grafts are cut in August, as it takes longer to take root). If during this period, one-year lignified branches about 0.7 cm thick and 15-20 cm long are cut from the mother bush (it is advisable to choose shoots on a 2 or 3 year old branch) and dig them in the garden at an angle of 45 °, leaving there is only one bud above the ground, then in the spring they will put down roots and begin to develop. In cases where planting is planned in the spring, the stalks are cut and stored.
We continue to fight pests
Despite the fact that the beds have yielded almost the entire harvest, and the garden is at the stage of completing the harvest, the pest control should be continued - a new season is ahead. However, if before that the battle was fought with the help of tinctures, decoctions and chemicals, now the time has come for mechanical techniques. Since everything that remains in the garden and vegetable garden on the ground will become a haven for diseases and pests “seeking shelter” for wintering, the main task of the month is to thoroughly clean the area from dry plants, volunteers, rotten vegetables and weeds affected by diseases.
By the end of September, it is already possible to dig up tree trunks, remove and destroy trapping belts, clean old trunks of dead bark, remove from under fruit-bearing apple trees and disinfect props, cut dead branches, carry out sanitary, rejuvenating and forming pruning of gooseberries, currants and honeysuckle.
If the cold is just around the corner, it would be good to whitewash the garden. This will allow not only to destroy pests that have already managed to get into the cracks in the bark of trees, but also to protect the trunks from winter and spring burns.
Despite the fact that it is not so hot in autumn, the weather is often still warm, and therefore the growing season of some plants (beets, late cabbage, carrots) continues. To help them form a crop, it is necessary to continue watering as needed.
Helping the garden prepare for frost
In order for fruit crops to better endure winter frosts, we stopped watering them abundantly in August. But, situations happen that provoke a second wave of shoot growth, and this does not allow the wood to ripen in time, and therefore to prepare for winter. To help plants (this is especially true for young seedlings), pinch their tops by 10-15 cm. This technique stops their growth and stimulates the speedy corking of the bark and ripening of wood.
Young trees of thermophilic crops, such as apricot, sweet cherry, cherry, at the end of September can be mulched in a near-trunk circle.
An important agricultural technique that increases the resistance of trees and shrubs to cold weather is water recharge irrigation. It differs from the usual watering of the garden and has recommendations - about 70 liters for a bush and about 100 liters of water for a tree.
Preparing the beds for the next season
If by the end of the month there is free time, you can already start preparing the beds for the next season: apply the main fertilizer, dig, sow winter green manures, mulch the crops wintering in the garden.
Be sure to disinfect greenhouses and hotbeds in late September - early October. Remove and dry films, repair structures. If the plants were affected by gray rot, anthracnose and other dangerous diseases, replace the top layer of the earth (2-3 cm) with fresh soil.