Stone Flower Of Echeveria. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. A Photo

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Stone Flower Of Echeveria. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. A Photo
Stone Flower Of Echeveria. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. A Photo
Video: Stone Flower Of Echeveria. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. A Photo
Video: #96 Echeveria flower stalks - how to propagate with them, and why you need to chop them off 2023, February
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Echeveria is a genus of succulent plants of the Tolstyankovy family. Sometimes it is wrong - Echeveria. Distributed mainly in Mexico, some species - from Texas and California (USA) in the north to Peru in the south. The genus is named after the artist Anastasio Echeverria (Atanasio Echeverria), who illustrated books on the flora of Mexico. Popular names: "stone flower", "stone rose".

Echeveria stone flower
Echeveria stone flower

Content:

  • Description of Echeveria
  • Conditions Needed by Echeveria
  • Caring for Echeveria
  • Reproduction of Echeveria

Description of Echeveria

Plants of this species form dense rosettes of fleshy, moisture-filled leaves. Different species can be stemless or with long shoots. Rosettes with a diameter of 3 to 40 cm. The leaves are hard or watery. They differ in different color and shape of the leaves.

Flowers from yellow to orange-red, usually small. They are located on a long peduncle, vertical or lateral. The shade often depends on the light: the buds that have developed in sunny weather are more red, in cloudy they are yellow.

A common houseplant.

Conditions Needed by Echeveria

Location

The plant is extremely light-requiring, it needs direct sunlight. For the summer, it is useful to take it out into the open air, you can land it on a southern alpine slide in the garden. In winter, watered 2-3 times a month and kept at a temperature of 6-10 ° C.

Lighting

Bright light.

Watering

Watering in the summer is plentiful with drying the earthen coma between waterings, the water from the pallet must be drained.

Air humidity

Moderate.

Echeveria runyonii
Echeveria runyonii
Echeveria multicaulis (Echeveria multicaulis)
Echeveria multicaulis (Echeveria multicaulis)

Caring for Echeveria

The dormant period lasts from October to February. In March-July, the plant needs to be fed with mineral fertilizers, including nitrogen fertilizers. It is necessary to remove yellowed leaves in time, loosen the soil. The Echeverians are growing rapidly. To maintain the decorative shape, cardinal pruning or replacement with young plants is necessary. Echeveria are short-day plants, but they react to changes in the length of the day: therefore, by adjusting the length of the day, you can change the flowering time.

The most favorable conditions for the formation of flowers are temperatures of 15-18 ° C and a short day - 12-13 hours for 50 days. For different species, slight fluctuations in the duration of a short day (up to 60 days) are possible, while the plants must be at least one year old (in natural conditions, starting in February, the intensity of the long day increases and flowering occurs with a long day and a temperature of 20 ° C) … Day length and temperature are regulated for breeding purposes only.

Transfer

Enough every two years in the spring; for transplanting, they take a not too large pot and soil for growing cacti.

Possible difficulties

Affected by mealybug and phylloxera.

Echeveria graceful (Echeveria Elegans)
Echeveria graceful (Echeveria Elegans)

Reproduction of Echeveria

Echeveria are easily propagated by leaves, cuttings, rosettes and seeds. Semi-shrubs are also propagated by the tips of the shoots. Cuttings are planted in bowls, in pots, or directly into the ground of the rack or in seed boxes. Before planting, the cuttings (and leaves) wither slightly. The composition of the soil for grafting: clean sand or compost soil - 1 hour, mixed with sand - 1 hour. The cuttings take root quickly. Cuttings are cut in spring - in March-May, but can be cut during the entire growing season. Rooted cuttings are planted one at a time in small pots (7 cm).

For flower decoration, in the first year, root small rosettes of leaves are cut, since after rooting they can be used for planting. When sown with seeds, germination is noted within 12-14 days, however, products that are acceptable for practical use can be prepared within six months (usually a year), therefore, under production conditions, Echeveria is propagated vegetatively.

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