Table of contents:
Video: Spinach - Features Of Cultivation, The Best Varieties, Description, Photo
Among vegetable greens, spinach is one of the first places for its useful and nutritious properties. For a long time it was believed that this herbaceous plant originally from Asia contains a large amount of iron - as much as 35 mg per 100 g of the product. And although the real figures are 10 times lower, the myth did its job and gave the spinach world fame. For its useful and even medicinal properties, it is used as an ingredient for salads and various dishes. Spinach leaves are especially popular with Europeans. But in Russia this vegetable greens were appreciated at their true worth.
Benefits of spinach
Spinach is rich in nutrients. In addition to iron, it also contains calcium and magnesium. Fresh leaves contain a large amount of antioxidants, as well as vitamins E, A and C. Moreover, the latter are preserved even after heat treatment. Spinach is also the leader in the content of vitamin B9, or folic acid.
This vegetable greens became famous for its medicinal properties. Spinach can kill cancer cells. Because of this, in many countries it is recommended for daily use as the prevention of cancer and in the direct fight against them. The benefits of this vegetable for people suffering from anemia, tuberculosis, or regularly suffering heavy mental stress were also noted.
- helps in the production of serotonin, which is necessary for a good mood;
- has anti-inflammatory effect;
- has a diuretic and laxative effect;
- has a calming effect on the body and helps in the fight against stress and overwork.
Eating such greens is as useful as possible fresh, using young leaves. Spinach has a pleasant taste with a slight acidity and is excellent for preparing salads. It is also added to pies, casseroles, soups and other dishes.
Spinach is a low-calorie food with a high energy value. If you regularly include spinach greens in your diet, your body will receive most of the important nutrients without unnecessary calories.
This vegetable greens are unpretentious. The main requirement: to use for cultivation fertile, well-drained and rich in organic matter soil. And also, do not abuse nitrogen fertilizers. Spinach tends to accumulate their constituent elements.
You can sow spinach outdoors from late April to mid-autumn. In the fall, the green crop does not shoot the seed arrow, so much more nutritious leaves can be harvested.
Sow spinach at 20-day intervals from May to September for fresh greens, 20 cm apart and 50 cm spacing. Summer crops can be shaded to reduce the possibility of shooters due to heat. Before planting, be sure to soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours, this way, you will speed up the process of their emergence.
Seeds are sown to a depth of 1 to 1.5 cm, covering slightly with a layer of soil and sprinkling with water.
Spinach is a relatively cold-resistant early maturing vegetable. Seeds germinate at a temperature of +4 ° С, but the optimum temperature for normal vegetation is + 15 … + 18 ° С.
It is very important to provide the plant with regular, but not excessive watering. Avoid stagnating water for spinach to avoid fungal infections.
Shooting of spinach occurs during the spring-summer period. To delay this process as much as possible, you should maintain optimal soil moisture. Adequate watering will help keep the leaves young and fresh.
Diseases and pests of spinach
As a rule, during the main period of growing spinach (May-June), diseases such as powdery mildew, downy mildew (peronosporosis), fusarium, root rot (mainly Fusarium root rot) may appear on it, as on other vegetable plants., as well as ascochitis and cercospora.
It is possible to resist against downy mildew only with the help of "Fitolavin". The rest of the diseases can be prevented by preventive measures - adequate crop rotation, adherence to care recommendations and seed dressing with special preparations.
The seed can be pickled if the spinach ripens 40 days or more. That is why it is so important to purchase quality seeds. You can use dressing agents - "Maxim Dachnik", "Prestige", "Apron", "Cruiser" (thiamethoxam).
For spinach, leaf-eating and leaf-sucking pests are most dangerous - moth, scoop, aphid, cruciferous flea and others. The presence or absence of pests depends on the condition of the soil and the predecessor plant. Sheet treatments with chemical preparations are contraindicated.
Processing with "Cypermethrin" is allowed in the phase of the first true sheet. For spinach, it is very important to protect against pests exclusively by biological preparations - "Fitoverm", "Biokill", "Lepidocid", "Bitoksibats", "Fitosporin", "Alirin", "Gamair", "Glyokladiny" and "Trichoderma" when watering.
Biological products can be used no later than 7 days before harvest.
Important! Follow the instructions for use on the drug packaging exactly.
Yielding spinach varieties
Spinach comes in a wide variety. The best varieties, in terms of yield, include:
Spinach "Victoria" is one of the early maturing varieties. After germination, the first full harvest is harvested on the 21st day. Victoria is characterized by dark green dense leaves with a rounded shape, collected in a compact rosette with a diameter of up to 20 cm.
It is a cold-resistant and moisture-loving crop. Recommended for outdoor cultivation. The variety is resistant to shooting, is not afraid of most diseases and pests.
Spinach "Space F1" is one of the mid-season and high-yielding species. More suitable for spring or summer cultivation. The leaves are collected in a horizontal rosette. The blistered leaf plate has a rounded oval shape. The color varies from gray to yellow-green. Plants are characterized by uniformity, resistant to shooting and powdery mildew.
Spinach "Fat-leaved" is a mid- season variety that yields a harvest after three weeks from the first shoots. Sufficiently long oval leaves are collected in a wide rosette with a diameter of up to 28 cm. One of the main advantages: resistance to temperature extremes. This feature allows sowing in early spring. In addition to resistance to cold, the variety is immune to powdery mildew.
Most annual and perennial spinach varieties are optimal for growing in home gardens. Thanks to the variety of species, everyone will be able to choose the most suitable option for themselves, focusing on their preferences and the time available for caring for the garden. Useful vitamin greens will help diversify the diet, supplement meals with important vitamins and minerals.
Agrosupeh brand on social networks: