Zinnias - Planting, Care, Types And Varieties. Growing. Flowers. Photo

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Zinnias - Planting, Care, Types And Varieties. Growing. Flowers. Photo
Zinnias - Planting, Care, Types And Varieties. Growing. Flowers. Photo

Video: Zinnias - Planting, Care, Types And Varieties. Growing. Flowers. Photo

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Video: How to Grow & Care for Zinnia to Get Lots of Blooms [with Updates] 2023, February
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Zinnias are the embodiment of the discreet beauty of a harmonious garden in its prime. But they won our hearts (and gardens) not only because of their attractiveness. These flowers have a number of advantages over other annual and perennial plants - a huge variety of colors and shades, different heights, depending on the variety, and particular ease of maintenance. Why you should plant zinnias in your garden, and how to care for them, we will tell in the article.

Zinnias
Zinnias

Content:

  • Botanical description of the plant
  • Benefits of growing zinnia
  • Features of growing zinnia
  • Planting zinnias
  • The use of zinnias in garden design
  • Varieties and types of zinnias

Botanical description of the plant

Zinnias are annuals and perennials, herbaceous and semi-shrubs. Leaves are ovate with a pointed apex, sessile, whole, located opposite or whorled on the stem.

Zinnia inflorescences are baskets, solitary, relatively large, apical, on long, usually on top, thickened peduncles or sessile. The wrapping of the baskets is multi-row, tiled. The marginal flowers are ligulate, variously colored: yellow, red, white, pink, purple, lilac, densely located, with a rounded or notched limb; internal - small, tubular. Zinnia fruit is achene.

In gardening there are two types of annuals - Zinnia elegans (Zinnia elegans) and Zinnia angustifolia (Zinnia angustifolia). They gave rise to numerous varieties of garden zinnias, which are very diverse in decorative possibilities. Zinnias are especially popular in the USA. Most of the modern varieties were bred there. Americans love it for its heat resistance and bright color.

Benefits of growing zinnia

There are at least five reasons that explain the desire of many gardeners to have beautiful zinnias in their garden. It:

  1. A whole rainbow of shades. These flowers come in all colors except blue, so they can be easily combined with perennials or annuals, deciduous plants and herbs.
  2. Any height. Among the varieties of zinnias, there are both high and low specimens; with them you can easily realize any ideas.
  3. The minimum of worries is the maximum return. Unpretentious zinnias will delight your eyes all season without having to take care of them with all your might.
  4. A feast for birds and butterflies. Plant some zinnias and watch your garden come to life with a host of winged creatures.
  5. Endless flowering. The more flowers you pinch off the zinnia, the more flowers will form.

Features of growing zinnia

Zinnia is a light-loving and heat-loving plant that does not tolerate frost. For abundant long-term flowering, requires soil with sufficient nutrients and a neutral reaction. The plot allocated for the cultivation of zinnias is first dug up, and then humus, compost or leafy soil are added at 8-10 kg per 1 sq. m. From mineral fertilizers add 1 tablespoon of superphosphate, potassium sulfate and nitrophoska and again dug to a depth of 10 cm.

Grows well in sunny areas, sheltered from the wind. Does not tolerate excess moisture in the soil and prolonged drought, in which the inflorescences become smaller. Zinnia responds to the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers not only during planting, but also in dressings, which are carried out 2-3 times per season.

The first feeding of zinnias is carried out long before budding: 1 tablespoon of urea, 2 tablespoons of organic fertilizer "Flower" are diluted into 10 liters of water.

Zinnia graceful, grade "Magellan"
Zinnia graceful, grade "Magellan"

The second feeding is carried out at the beginning of budding: 1 tablespoon of Agricola for flowering plants and liquid fertilizer Rainbow are diluted into 10 liters of water.

Before feeding, be sure to sprinkle with wood ash at the rate of 2-3 tablespoons per 1 sq. m. When opening flower buds, zinnia is sprayed with the preparation "Bud" (10 g is diluted in 10 liters of water).

Planting zinnias

Most often, zinnias reproduce by seeds through seedlings, since zinnias are sensitive even to the lightest frosts, both spring and autumn. Before planting, it is advisable to soak the zinnia seeds in a damp cloth to select viable seeds. Old ones hatch in about 6-10 days, fresh ones - in 2-3 days.

They are sown on the windowsill in peat pots in early April, sealed to a depth of 1 cm. The optimum germination temperature is 22-24 degrees. If the seedlings are stretched out, they can be buried. Zinnias quickly develop adventitious roots. At the end of May, the seedlings are hardened by bringing the plants to the balcony.

Zinnia graceful, grade 'Molino'
Zinnia graceful, grade 'Molino'

Planting in place is carried out after the end of spring frosts (in central Russia it is June 6-10), maintaining a distance between plants of 30-35 cm. Plants transfer with a lump of earth without problems. In the south, zinnia is propagated by sowing seeds in the ground in April-May, followed by thinning. Zinnia blooms 2.5 months after sowing. Each flower stays on the plant for a very long time, up to 35 days. Seeds ripen 60-65 days after the start of flowering. Seeds remain viable for 2-3 years.

The use of zinnias in garden design

They are used in flower beds, ridges, groups, large tracts and for cutting. Tall varieties are ideal for decorating flower beds and beds. For balconies and containers, medium-sized and undersized (15-20 cm) varieties are suitable. They are wind-resistant and bloom profusely and continuously. Zinnias look especially good as a group.

Flowers stand well in water and retain their color brightness for a long time. They are cut when the inflorescence is 3/4 open, the ends of the stems are fired or cut in hot water. A withered bouquet of zinnias can be restored to freshness by placing it in hot water and first updating the lower oblique cut.

Zinnias of low-growing varieties can be dug out with a lump of earth before frosts, planted in large pots, watered abundantly and kept in a room on a light window. Then they will decorate your apartment for several more weeks.

Zinnia angustifolia
Zinnia angustifolia

Varieties and types of zinnias

Zinnia graceful (Zinnia elegans)

The homeland of graceful zinnia is Southern Mexico. An annual plant, fast-growing, with erect, stable stems 30-90 cm tall. Leaves ovate-pointed, whole-edged, sessile, opposite, dark green. Stems and leaves have hard pubescence. Inflorescences - baskets 3-14 cm in diameter.

Reed flowers are bright, white, cream, yellow, orange, red, lilac, lilac, purple; in shape - elongated-oval, linearly elongated or rolled lengthwise into a tube, with three teeth at the end; tubular - small, yellow. It blooms very profusely and continuously from mid-June to frost. Bears fruit. Seeds remain viable for 2-4 years. In the culture of Europe since 1796, among the Aztecs - since 1520.

Zinnias, a mixture of varieties
Zinnias, a mixture of varieties

According to the structure of the inflorescences, the shape of the reed flowers and the height of the zinnias, they are divided into several groups: dahlia, chrysanthemum, scabio, gaiard, pompom, fantasy.

In Russia, the most common varieties of dahlia and pompom zinnias, less often varieties of the fantasy group are used.

Most often, the seeds go on sale in a mixture, although recently with the development of the culture of landscape gardening, the need for seeds, divided by varieties or colors, has increased.

Dahlia group of graceful zinnia varieties

Dahlia zinnias are powerful, spreading or compact bushes, 60-90 cm tall, with a small number of first-order shoots. The leaves are large, up to 12 cm long. Inflorescences are hemispherical, large, 10-14 cm in diameter, terry. Ligulate flowers are elongated-lobed, arranged in tiles with slightly raised edges.

Zinnia graceful, grade "Envy"
Zinnia graceful, grade "Envy"

Some varieties of dahlia zinnia

  • Violet (Violett) is a spreading bush, 60-75 cm tall. The inflorescences are terry, dense, 9-12 cm in diameter, purple, of various shades. Flowering inflorescences 18-23. Zinnia 'Violet' blooms from mid-June to frost.
  • Crimson Monarch is a spreading bush, 60-70 cm tall. The inflorescences are terry, dense, sometimes loose, large, 11-13 cm in diameter, dark red. Flowering inflorescences 18-25. It blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • Lavender Queen (Lavender Konigin) is a spreading bush, 65-80 cm tall. The inflorescences are dense, double, 10-12 cm in diameter, lavender with a purple tint. Flowering inflorescences 19-23. Zinnia Lavender Queen blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • Orange king (Orange Konig) is a spreading bush, 60-70 cm tall. Terry inflorescences, medium density, large, 12-14 cm in diameter, bright red-orange. Flowering inflorescences 18-23. Blooms from late June until frost.
  • Polar Bear - also known as zinnia Polar bear. The bush is compact, 60-65 cm tall. Inflorescences are densely double, dense, 12-14 cm in diameter, white with a slight greenish tinge. Flowering inflorescences 17-20. It blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • Purple Prince (Purple Prinse) - bush height up to 60 cm, with large purple inflorescences, blooms from late June until frost.
  • Rose (Rosa) is a spreading bush, 50-65 cm tall. The inflorescences are terry, medium-dense, large, 10-12 cm in diameter, pink in various shades. Flowering inflorescences 15-20. It blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • Tango (Tango) is a semi-spreading bush, 60-70 cm tall. The inflorescences are terry, loose, large, red-orange, 9-11 cm in diameter. Flowering inflorescences 18-28. Zinnia 'Tango' blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • Cherry Queen - Bush height up to 70 cm, with large dark cherry baskets, blooming from mid-June to frost;
  • Purple (Scharlach) is a spreading bush, 60-80 cm tall. The inflorescences are terry, loose, large, 10-13 cm in diameter, bright red with an orange tint. It blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • Envy - the height of the bush is 60-70 cm, with double green inflorescences with a diameter of 10-15 cm. The most unusual and, probably, the most popular variety of zinnias at the present time. It blooms from mid-June until frost. Looks especially advantageous against a contrasting background of pink and purple tones.
Zinnias varieties 'Queen Red Lime' and 'Queen Lime'
Zinnias varieties 'Queen Red Lime' and 'Queen Lime'

Pompom group of graceful zinnia varieties

Pomponny zinnias are bushes 40-55 cm tall, compact, densely branched, with a large number of second to fourth order shoots. The leaves are small. Inflorescences are cap-shaped, round, small, 3-4 cm in diameter, very dense, terry. Ligulate flowers are small, tiled. Abundant flowering, simultaneous.

Some varieties of pompom zinnia

  • Little Red Riding Hood (Rotkappchen) - densely double bush, almost spherical, 45-55 cm tall. Inflorescences are densely double, dense, 3-5 cm in diameter, from truncated-cone-shaped to almost rounded, bright red, do not fade in the sun. Flowering inflorescences 65-75. Blooms from late June until frost.
  • Tom-Tamb (Tom-Thumb) - compact bush, 35-45 cm tall. The inflorescences are terry, very dense, 4-6 cm in diameter, cap-shaped, but flatter than those of the 'Rotkophen' variety, bright red, do not fade in the sun. Flowering inflorescences 30-40. Zinnia Tom-Tamb blooms from mid-June until frost.
  • On sale there is a variety mixture Thumbelina. Plants up to 45 cm high with double, very dense inflorescences with a diameter of 4-6 cm, blooming from mid-June until frost.
Zinnia cultivar 'Oklahoma Pink'
Zinnia cultivar 'Oklahoma Pink'

Narrow-leaved zinnia (Zinnia angustifolia)

The homeland of narrow-leaved zinnia is Mexico. An annual plant, upright, forms branched bushes 30-40 cm tall. Leaves are sessile, elongated or lanceolate, pointed, up to 6 cm long, with a wide base. Inflorescences are small, up to 4 cm in diameter, monochromatic, bright orange, sometimes ligulate flowers with red tips and a dark orange base, simple and semi-double; tubular - dark or black-brown. Narrow-leaved zinnia blooms from late June until frost. Bears fruit. Seeds remain viable for 2-4 years. Achenes are strongly flattened, oval-wedge-shaped. In culture since 1862.

Zinnia angustifolia
Zinnia angustifolia

Some varieties of zinnia angustifolia

Solar circle (Glorienschein). It is a highly branched bush 20-25 cm tall. Terry inflorescences, 3-3.5 cm in diameter. Reed flowers are red-brown at the ends and dark orange at the base; tubular - orange. Blooms profusely until frost.

What varieties of zinnias grow in your garden? Let us know in the comments to the article.

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