Celosia Is A Fiery Beauty. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. A Photo. Types, Varieties

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Celosia Is A Fiery Beauty. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. A Photo. Types, Varieties
Celosia Is A Fiery Beauty. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. A Photo. Types, Varieties

Video: Celosia Is A Fiery Beauty. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. A Photo. Types, Varieties

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The name celosi comes from the Greek word kelos ("burning", "flaming"), which is explained by the bright color and shape of the inflorescences, similar to tongues of flame. Velvety exotic inflorescences of a variety of celosi look great in the most exquisite flower arrangements, coloring our gardens. Amazingly beautiful undersized potted celosia are an elegant decoration of the sunny loggia and balcony.

Silver celosia (lat.Celosia argentea)
Silver celosia (lat.Celosia argentea)

Content:

  • Description of cellosi
  • Celosi care
  • Varieties and types of cellosis

Description of cellosi

Celosia, the Latin name for Celosia, is a genus of plants in the Amaranthaceae family. Previously, this genus was often placed in the family Chenopodiaceae.

The genus includes up to 60 species originating from regions with a warm climate in Asia, Africa, North and South America.

Perennial or annual herbaceous plants (as well as shrubs) with straight, juicy, ribbed green stems, often with a red tint, 30-70 cm tall. The leaves are arranged in the next order, whole, petiolate, smooth, ovate with a pointed end, green, variegated or dark purple. The flowers are small, bisexual, with brightly colored membranous bracts, collected in large, original comb or paniculate inflorescences. The fruit is a rounded box. Seeds are round, shiny, black. In 1 g, 700-800 pieces, which remain viable for up to 5 years.

Celosia inflorescences are divided into three main groups in shape:

  • spikelets
  • feathery
  • comb

Most often cultivated cessation comb and feathery celosia.

Silver feathery celosia (Celosia argentea var.plumosa)
Silver feathery celosia (Celosia argentea var.plumosa)

Celosi care

Celosia captivates not only with its beauty, but also with its simplicity of cultivation. Reproduction of cellosis is not difficult. Basically, cellosia is propagated by seeds, since during cuttings the decorative effect of plants is sometimes lost.

We advise you to buy seeds of a mixture of varieties, and then the motley cheerful celosi will color your balcony and garden for a very long time - all summer and the warm part of autumn.

Celosia is easy to grow from seed. Sow seeds of cellosis for seedlings in March-April under a film. Sow rarely on the surface of wet soil. Seedlings dive into pots, because the plant does not tolerate transplanting in open ground. In early June, when the threat of frost has passed, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place.

You can sow cellosis immediately in separate pots so as not to damage the root system of plants when picking. The first shoots appear in 4-6 days.

The soil is preferable fertile, loose, structural, non-acidic. It is advisable to choose a place protected from the wind, warm, sunny and without stagnant water. The distance between plants depends on the variety and ranges from 15 cm for low varieties to 30–35 cm for tall ones. Good watering is required during the initial growth period. Top dressing with full mineral fertilizer is done every 10-15 days. If you overfeed plants with nitrogen and organic matter, they will grow powerful, but they will not bloom well.

Celosia seedlings are grown at moderate room temperature (17-20 ° C), with good lighting and ventilation. Preferably on a bright window, protecting from the hot sun. The main thing is moderate and careful watering. It is important not to overdry the soil and not flood young plants, since the roots of cellosia seedlings easily rot from excessively moist soil.

Transplanting grown and acclimatized plants into open ground is carried out only after the end of the spring cold. After all, celosia is very thermophilic and does not tolerate even the slightest frost!

The best place to plant celosia in the garden is sunny, protected from the cold wind. The soil is desirable loose, slightly acidic, well-drained. Celosia is planted in flower beds, in rabatkas, borders. It grows well in containers, on balconies and window sills. Flowering - from late June to frost.

Fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is carried out once a month. Celosias respond very well to fertilization with lush flowering.

On hot and dry days, abundant watering of the cellosis is necessary, otherwise they lower the leaves and do not form new peduncles.

Celosia inflorescences for a long time perfectly retain their "foppish" shape and model. They do not fade if cut before seed ripening and dried well in a dark, cool room for two weeks.

Silver crested celosia (Celosia argentea var.cristata)
Silver crested celosia (Celosia argentea var.cristata)

Varieties and types of cellosis

Celosia silver comb (Celosia argentea var.cristata) or Cockscomb

Perennial up to 45 cm high, cultivated as an annual. The elegant varieties have a compact bush, reaching a height of 20-35 cm. Small flowers of Celosia comb are collected in a spectacular massive inflorescence with convolutions along the upper edge. The shape of the inflorescence resembles a cock's comb.

The color of the flowers of crested cellosia is yellow, pink, orange, purple-red. Such bright colors and unusual shape of inflorescences are rarely found among other plants. Therefore, a flowerbed with a comb-shaped plant invariably attracts admiring glances.

Celosia comb blooms from July to October.

However, the decorativeness of plants after flowering is not lost. After all, the leaves of various varieties of comb cellosia are not only green, but also dark red, burgundy, purple, bronze, golden.

Variety " Impress " has a red inflorescence and purple leaves.

The Imperialis variety (20-25 cm high) has beautiful dark red shoots, purple leaves with red veins, and dark purple inflorescences.

Variety " Atropurpurea " is of the same height, has a pinkish stem with light green leaves; large purple-red inflorescences.

Comb cellosia is used for planting in flower beds, rabatki, in flowerpots and as a summer pot culture. This ornamental plant looks great in combination with other annuals.

Celosia silver plumose 'Pampas Plume' (Celosia argentea var. Plumosa 'Pampas Plume')
Celosia silver plumose 'Pampas Plume' (Celosia argentea var. Plumosa 'Pampas Plume')

Silver feathery celosia (Celosia argentea var.plumosa)

An annual plant up to a meter high. The feathery cellosia blooms for a long time and magnificently for many months, without losing its decorative effect until the autumn frosts. Spectacular varieties of pinnate celosia form a compact bush with bright paniculate inflorescences. The length of the inflorescences is usually half or one third of the plant's height. Dwarf (20-30 cm), medium-sized (30-50 cm) and tall varieties (50-90 cm) have been bred.

The color of the stems, leaves and inflorescences in feathery cellosia is very diverse.

Dwarf mix " Geisha " (height 20-25 cm) forms charming panicles of inflorescences of rich colors. This luxurious mixture is very good for potting.

Another dwarf multi-colored mixture - " Baby"

Variety " Goldfeder " (height 25-30 cm) adorns the balcony and garden with paniculate golden-yellow inflorescences, as if emitting light.

Variety " Feuerfeder " (height 35 cm) has greenish-pink shoots and light leaves with pink veins, the inflorescence is bright red.

Variety " New Look " (height 35-40 cm) strikes with the contrast of purple-violet foliage with a metallic sheen and scarlet panicles.

Variety " Golden Flitz " (height 80 cm) against the background of light green leaves forms a golden-orange inflorescence.

Variety " Tomsoni Magnifica " (height 60-80 cm) has greenish-pink stems and leaves, burgundy pyramidal inflorescences.

Celosia feathery is used in flower beds, groups, for single plantings and for bouquets. Dwarf species are used for growing in pots, for decorating a sunny balcony.

Celosia spikelet 'Flamingo Feathers' Celosia spicata 'Flamingo Feathers'
Celosia spikelet 'Flamingo Feathers' Celosia spicata 'Flamingo Feathers'

Celosia spicata (Celosia spicata)

Spikelets are less popular with flower growers, but in vain! Inflorescences in plants of this group are very similar in appearance to ears - hence the name.

The color of flowers in spikelets is also varied - from white to purple. Bright, showy inflorescences go well with narrow green leaves. Depending on the variety, the plant height ranges from 20 cm to 1.20 m. By the way, it is the spikelet group of celosium that is the ancestor of garden forms.

Celosia are valued for the originality of bright inflorescences and decorative leaves. Good in containers and flowerpots. Recommended for flower beds, flower beds, vases, dry bouquets.

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