Cleansing Tradescantia. Cultivation, Care And Reproduction. Kinds. Photo

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Cleansing Tradescantia. Cultivation, Care And Reproduction. Kinds. Photo
Cleansing Tradescantia. Cultivation, Care And Reproduction. Kinds. Photo

Video: Cleansing Tradescantia. Cultivation, Care And Reproduction. Kinds. Photo

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Video: Wandering Jew Plant Care: Growing Tradescantia Zebrina 2023, February
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The genus Tradescantia has about 70 species of plants from the Commelinaceae family. These are perennial evergreen herbaceous plants. The natural range of Tradescantia is located in the tropical and temperate zones of America and stretches from northern Argentina to southern Canada. The name "Tradescantia" appeared in the 18th century and came from the name of the gardener of the English king Charles I, John Tradescant (the elder), who described this plant. Tradescantia is popularly known as "woman's gossip" (however, like saxifrage). Perfectly cleans the air in the room.

Tradescantia Anderson 'Osprey' (Lat.Tradescantia x andersoniana)
Tradescantia Anderson 'Osprey' (Lat.Tradescantia x andersoniana)

Content:

  • Description of tradescantia
  • Features of growing tradescantia
  • Tradescantia care
  • Reproduction of tradescantia
  • Types of tradescantia
  • Diseases and pests of tradescantia

Description of tradescantia

Shoots at Tradescantia are creeping or straight. Leaves are elliptical, ovate, lanceolate, alternate. Inflorescences are axillary, located in the axils of the upper leaves and apical.

Tradescantia are one of the most common and easy-to-care indoor ampelous plants. The dense green of the shoots of the plant is easy enough to get by pinching, which enhances branching.

In the rooms, Tradescantia should be placed so that its long creeping shoots can hang freely. They are placed in hanging vases, flower pots or placed on shelves, tall furniture. Tradescantia blooms well indoors. Bluish or blue-violet flowers appear at the ends of long stems. Tradescantia varieties of Anderson and Virginskaya are used for open ground in central Russia.

Tradescantia contains a complex of nutrients and medicinal substances. Aquarists place a pot of young Tradescantia on the glass, lying on the sides of the aquarium, and the growing stems of the plant soon sink into the water and form a beautiful green rug on its surface.

Tradescantia purifies and humidifies the air in the room, neutralizes electromagnetic radiation.

Tradescantia Anderson
Tradescantia Anderson

Features of growing tradescantia

Flowering: depending on the species - from spring to autumn.

Light: bright diffused. Can also tolerate direct sunlight (in limited quantities). Green-leaved forms tolerate shading.

Temperature: in the spring-summer period around 18-25 ° С. In autumn and winter, it prefers a cool content (12-16 ° C), however, it can tolerate warmer conditions.

Watering: plentiful, as the top layer of the substrate dries, in spring and summer. In autumn and winter, watering is moderate.

Air humidity: does not play a significant role. It is recommended to spray during the summer.

Top dressing: in spring and summer at least 2 times a month with organic and complex mineral fertilizers. Variegated forms should not be fed with organic fertilizers. In autumn and winter - no additional fertilizing.

Pruning: Tradescantia stems tend to be exposed, so timely pruning and pinching helps to form the desired shape of the plant.

Rest period: not expressed. Tradescantia Virginia and Tradescantia Anderson have a pronounced dormant period in the autumn-winter period.

Transfer: young plants once a year, adults in 2-3 years, in spring, combining with pruning of long shoots.

Reproduction: seeds, cuttings or dividing the bush.

Tradescantia is zebra-like, or hanging. Zebrina (Tradescantia zebrina)
Tradescantia is zebra-like, or hanging. Zebrina (Tradescantia zebrina)

Tradescantia care

Tradescantia develops better in places with bright diffused light (although they can withstand direct sunlight), but they can also tolerate partial shade. The best places to grow - near windows facing west or east, can grow near the north window, shading is required near the south window in the summer. Variegated forms need more light. In low light, variegated forms lose their color, often turn green, and vice versa - they are painted very intensely and variegated on a sunny window. With an excess of direct sunlight, the leaves of tradescantia can burn out. The most shade-tolerant tradescantia is white-flowered.

In the summer, indoor tradescantia can be taken out on a balcony protected from the wind and direct sun or planted in a garden (but at the same time it must be remembered that slugs are very fond of tradescantia, and aphids can attack it).

Tradescantia grows well both in warm (with an average temperature of 25 ° C) and in cool rooms (where in winter the temperature can fluctuate in the range of 12-16 ° C). The plant normally tolerates a warmer winter.

Tradescantia needs abundant watering in the spring and summer, while the water should not stagnate in the pot. Water a day or two after the top layer of the earth dries up. In winter, the substrate is kept in a moderately moist state. Water it two to three days after the top layer of the substrate is dry. Care must be taken all year round to ensure that no water accumulates in the sump. Half an hour after watering, unabsorbed water from the pallet must be drained, the pallet must be wiped dry with a cloth. Watering is carried out with soft well-settled water.

When kept in a cool place (about 12-16 ° C), Tradescantia is rarely watered, only after the soil dries out. Tradescantia can tolerate prolonged drying out of the earthy coma, but this weakens the plant. Air humidity does not play a significant role, however, plants like spraying, especially in the summer.

They are fed during the growing season (spring and summer) at least 2 times a month with organic and complex mineral fertilizers. Variegated forms should not be fed with organic fertilizers; this may result in the loss of the original color of the leaves. They do not feed in autumn and winter.

A feature of indoor tradescantia is rapid aging, overgrowth and loss of decorativeness: the leaves at the base of the stems dry out, the shoots are bare. To rejuvenate the plant, annual short pruning, pinching the shoots and transplanting the plant into fresh soil are practiced.

Plants are transplanted in spring, young once a year, adults after 2-3 years, combining with pruning of long shoots. The substrate is humic, closer to neutral (pH 5.5-6.5). The plant grows well in a mixture of 2 parts of deciduous, 1 part of sod and humus soil with a small addition of sand. There is a ready-made soil for tradescantia on sale. Good drainage is needed at the bottom of the pot.

Tradescantia navicularis (lat.Tradescantia navicularis)
Tradescantia navicularis (lat.Tradescantia navicularis)

Reproduction of tradescantia

Tradescantia easily propagates vegetatively - the bush can be divided from spring to mid-August. It should be borne in mind that when digging out, its powerful root system will inevitably be damaged. When planting, the long roots of the delenki are cut to 15 cm. At the same time, the above-ground part of the delenki is cut off, otherwise it will not take root.

If you divide the bush at the beginning of the season, the plant easily regenerates its root system and takes root quickly. In July-August, especially in hot weather, the rooting dedenki should be shaded and even covered for two weeks with a microstep or a piece of covering material.

Tradescantia also reproduces well by stem cuttings with two or three internodes. Covered with a film, they take root well in 2-3 weeks and hibernate in the ground. If there are no severe frosts in the fall and winter, cuttings rooted even at the end of August overwinter.

In the conditions of central Russia, the seeds of Tradescantia have time to ripen, and their self-seeding often occurs. And although the varietal characteristics of plants are not preserved during seed propagation, you can get seedlings with beautiful variably colored flowers.

Tradescantia Anderson 'Zwanenburg Blue'
Tradescantia Anderson 'Zwanenburg Blue'

Types of tradescantia

Tradescantia Anderson (Tradescantia x andersoniana)

The plant is 30-80 cm tall with erect, branched, angular stems, leafy along the entire length. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, purple-green. The flowers are flat, purple, blue, pink or white, collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. Bloom from June to September. It has many varieties.

The best varieties:

  • JG Weguelin - flowers are large, bright, sky blue.
  • Iris - deep blue flowers.
  • Purewell Giant - carmine red flowers.
  • Leonora - purple-blue flowers.
  • Osprey - white flowers.

Virginia Tradescantia (Tradescantia virginiana)

The native land of the plant is the southeastern regions of North America. Perennial plant with erect, branched, knotty stems 50-60 cm tall. Leaves are linear-lanceolate up to 20 cm long with a small sheath, covering the stem. The flowers are three-petalled, pink-purple, up to 4 cm in diameter, numerous, collected in umbellate inflorescences at the top of the stems, under which there are two large, keeled bracts. Blooms from early July to August 60-70 days. The fruit is a capsule that opens with longitudinal flaps. It can be used as a stable soil perennial.

Virginia Tradescantia (lat.Tradescantia virginiana)
Virginia Tradescantia (lat.Tradescantia virginiana)

Has varieties:

  • Coerulea - blue flowers.
  • Rubra - red flowers.
  • Atrorubra - bloody red flowers.
  • Rosea - pink flowers.

White-flowered Tradescantia (Tradescantia albiflora)

The homeland of the plant is Tropical South America. Creeping shoots. Leaves are oblong-broadly ovate, 4-6 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, pointed at the apex, glabrous on both sides, green or silvery-variegated, glossy. Inflorescences are apical, sometimes axillary. Flowers are small, white; bracts are white.

There are several varieties and varieties in culture:

  • Albovittata - with white stripes on the leaves.
  • Tricolor - with white and pinkish-lilac stripes on the leaves.
  • Aurea - with green stripes on yellow leaves.
  • Aureovittata - leaves on top with longitudinal golden-yellow stripes.

Tradescantia blossfeldiana

The homeland of the plant is Argentina. Perennial herbaceous semi-succulent plant with creeping and rising greenish-red stems. Leaves are alternate, sessile, with tubular sheaths, oblong or elliptical, with a sharp or pointed apex, 4-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, dark green above with a slight reddish tint, purple below. Leaves underneath, leaf sheaths and stems under the nodes are densely pubescent with long white spaced hairs.

Tradescantia Blossfeld (lat.Tradescantia blossfeldiana)
Tradescantia Blossfeld (lat.Tradescantia blossfeldiana)

Flowers on long, densely pubescent pedicels in paired curls at the ends of the shoots and in the axils of the upper leaves. Inflorescences below are surrounded by two leafy, unequal in size bracts. Sepals 3, they are free, purple, densely pubescent. Petals 3, free, white in the lower half, bright pink above. Filaments in the lower third are covered with long white hairs.

If the leaves have wide, few stripes of yellow color, and two adjacent right leaves will have similar patterns (the neighboring left ones have the same pattern, although they differ in the pattern from the right ones), then this is the Variegata form. With insufficient lighting, inept grafting or pruning, beautiful stripes on the leaves can disappear.

Hairy Tradescantia (Tradescantia pilosa)

Tradescantia hairy - differs in erect stems and elongated leaves with dense white pubescence. The flowers are lilac-pink.

Hairy Tradescantia (lat.Tradescantia pilosa)
Hairy Tradescantia (lat.Tradescantia pilosa)

Tradescantia zebrina

Synonym: Tradescantia pendul a, Zebrina pendula. Shoots are creeping or hanging, glabrous, often reddish. The leaves are oblong-ovate, 8-10 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, the upper surface is green with two silvery-white stripes along the leaf. The lower part of the leaf is red in color. The flowers are small, purple or violet.

Tradescantia navicularis

The homeland of the plant is Mexico, Peru. Succulent plants with creeping bare shoots. Leaves are ovate, boat-shaped, small, 4-2 cm long and up to 1 cm wide, thick, pointed, keeled below, densely covered with lilac dots, ciliate along the edges. Apical inflorescence. Flowers with pink petals. Highly decorative ampelous plant.

Tradescantia multicolor

Tradescantia variegated has dense, small, green leaves with white and pink stripes. Very decorative, densely growing species.

Riverine Tradescantia, or myrtle (Tradescantia fluminensis)

The homeland of the plant is Brazil. Creeping shoots, purple-red, with green spots. Leaves are ovoid, 2-2.5 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide, dark green above, purple-red below, smooth on both sides; the petiole is short.

Commonly grown are Variegata (i.e. variegated) with frequent cream stripes and Quicksilver with white stripes.

Riverine Tradescantia, or myrtle leaf (lat.Tradescantia fluminensis)
Riverine Tradescantia, or myrtle leaf (lat.Tradescantia fluminensis)

Diseases and pests of tradescantia

Pests love Tradescantia. It can be affected by aphids, whiteflies, thrips, spider mites, mealybugs.

Spider mites appear under too dry conditions. The leaves wither and eventually fall off, a cobweb is visible on the stem. The plant must be treated with soapy water, rinsed with warm water. Spray regularly.

The scabbard or false shield sucks out the cell juice from the plant, the leaves turn pale, dry, fall off. Dark gray or dark brown plaques are visible on leaves and trunks. First, it is necessary to mechanically clean off the pests using a soap solution, then treat with an insecticide such as "actellic" or "fitoverm".

If the plant has small, pale and elongated leaves, it may be time for the plant to rejuvenate, or the plant is too dark. Move it closer to the light.

If the tips of the leaves are brown and dry, it means that the air in the room is too dry. Regular spraying should be carried out and the plant should be removed away from heaters and radiators. Or perhaps the plant is not watered enough. Increase watering.

The faded color of variegated species is, most likely, the consequences of a lack of light, move the Tradescantia to a brighter place.

If the shoots at the base are softened and darkened, then, perhaps, water stagnates in the pot, the stem has begun to rot. Cut it off and root it.

Tradescantia is able to surprise anyone with its unpretentiousness and beauty!

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