Tarragon, Or Tarragon - Both In A Salad And In A Drink. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Application. Photo

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Tarragon, Or Tarragon - Both In A Salad And In A Drink. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Application. Photo
Tarragon, Or Tarragon - Both In A Salad And In A Drink. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Application. Photo

Video: Tarragon, Or Tarragon - Both In A Salad And In A Drink. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Application. Photo

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Video: 5 Amazing Health Benefits Of Tarragon 2023, January
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Favorite by many plant Tarragon, or Tarragon - in the botanical literature is better known as tarragon wormwood (Artemisia dracunculus) from the vast genus of Wormwood of the Asteraceae family. The homeland of tarragon is considered to be South Siberia, Mongolia. In the wild, it is found throughout Europe (except for the north), in Minor, East and Central Asia, Mongolia, China, North America, in the Caucasus, as well as in the forest-steppe and steppe regions of Ukraine.

Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

As a spicy-aromatic plant, tarragon has been known to man since ancient times. Since ancient times it was cultivated in Syria, and the Syrian name of the plant "tarragon" is used not only in many countries of the East, but also beyond its borders. In Western Europe, it has been known as a cultivated plant since the Middle Ages. Tarragon is mentioned in Georgian written sources of the 17th century, and in Russia it has been found in culture since the 18th century. called "dragoon grass". Nowadays, tarragon is often cultivated in gardens and vegetable gardens as a spice plant. Several varieties of tarragon have been developed in our country.

Content:

  • Description of tarragon wormwood
  • Growing tarragon
  • Harvesting tarragon
  • Tarragon use
  • Useful properties of tarragon
  • Decorative tarragon

Description of tarragon wormwood

Tarragon, or Tarragon, is a perennial herb. Rhizome with underground shoots, thick, woody. Stems are erect, branched in the middle and upper parts, up to 1.5 m high. The leaves are linear-lanceolate, the middle and upper stems are whole, the lower ones are two or three-part. The flowers are yellow, in globular baskets, collected at the tops of the central stem and lateral branches in narrow dense paniculate inflorescences. Seeds are small, flat, brown.

Growing tarragon

Tarragon is relatively unpretentious to soil conditions, although it grows best on loose, rich and moist soils.

Do not place it on too damp areas where plants may get wet. For him, you need to allocate open, well-lit areas. Tarragon is cultivated in one place for 10-15 years.

Breeding tarragon

It is recommended to propagate tarragon in a vegetative way - by cuttings and division of rhizomes. Seed propagation, as a rule, is not used, since in plants propagated by seeds, the aroma weakens already in the first generation, and in the fourth or fifth generation it completely disappears and a slight bitterness appears.

In the conditions of the Non-Black Earth Zone, green cuttings of tarragon are effective. Cuttings are carried out in open ground in dive boxes filled with a light, loose fertile substrate, consisting of equal parts of humus and peat, with the addition of a small amount of sand. In the third decade of May - the first decade of June, cuttings 10-15 cm long are cut from mother plants and planted in dive boxes to a depth of 4-5 cm with a distance in rows and between rows of 5-6 cm. Rooting of cuttings occurs in 10-15 days … In the third decade of July - the first decade of August, rooted cuttings are planted in a permanent place. Plants are placed at a distance of 70-80 cm between rows and 30-35 cm in a row.

When the tarragon is propagated by division, the rhizome is cut into pieces before planting so that each one has buds and roots, and planted in a permanent place with a feeding area of ​​70 x 30 cm, with mandatory watering. This breeding method is used only in spring.

Flowering tarragon
Flowering tarragon

Harvesting tarragon

Tarragon is harvested three to four times during the growing season, cutting off plants at a level of 10-15 cm from the soil surface. Shoots are cut in the spring when they reach a height of 20-25 cm.

Tarragon use

Tarragon leaves contain vitamin C, carotene, rutin, and other biologically active substances. Fresh tarragon contains up to 0.7% essential oil.

Essential oil and green mass of tarragon are used in the food canning industry to flavor vinegar, pickles, cheeses, when salting cucumbers, tomatoes, squash and squash, mushrooms, pickling cabbage, soaking apples and pears. Tarragon is a part of Stolovaya mustard, Tarhun drink, and various spice mixtures.

Tarragon is almost devoid of the bitterness inherent in many representatives of the genus wormwood, and has a low-spicy aroma, reminiscent of anise, and a pungent piquant tart taste.

Eating fresh tarragon

Young delicate fragrant greens of the plant are a storehouse of vitamins, especially in the early spring period. Tarragon can be used as a herb to the table, as well as added to all spring salads, sauces, soups, okroshka, meat, vegetable, fish dishes, broths. Fresh herbs are put into a dish just before serving, dry spices - 1-2 minutes before being cooked.

Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Tarragon Marinade

To prepare the tarragon marinade, the greens are finely chopped, poured into bottles, poured with vinegar and tightly sealed. After a while, a strong extract is obtained, which is used as a seasoning for food.

Tarragon can also be used dried, although it loses some of its aroma when dried.

Useful properties of tarragon

The aerial part of the plant, its leaves and flowers are widely used as a medicine. Scientific medicine recommends Tarragon as a carotene-containing and antihelminthic agent, due to the large amount of rutin it helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, and it can be used for various vascular disorders.

Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Decorative tarragon

Tall, dense, dark green tarragon bushes retain their decorative effect throughout the season, perfect for background plantings in the background of flower beds.

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