Video: Asparagus. Asparagus. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Garden Plants. Vegetable. Garden. A Photo
Different colors - different varieties? Don't be surprised if you need 10 shoots of, say, white and green asparagus to prepare your next culinary masterpiece. In fact, these are parts of the same plant (and not a variety, as many believe). Shoots can even turn purple or pink if harvest dates have been missed. However, there are many varieties of asparagus, most of which are cultivated in Germany and Holland. Some are more focused on white asparagus, others on green.
Asparagus gives a harvest of 15-20 years, so the soil for it needs to be prepared especially carefully. The main thing is that the site is sunny, reliably protected from cold winds. Asparagus loves loose sandy loam soil, rich in nutrients (it does not tolerate acidic and poor!). Inadmissibly close occurrence of groundwater. Asparagus needs proper watering. In stale soil, the shoots are transformed into bitter ones, and with an excess of moisture in the plant, the roots rot and die off.
Rotted manure (1 -1.5 kg / sq.m) is introduced into the plot in advance. Dig holes 20-50 cm deep at a distance of 90-100 cm from each other. Plants are planted and covered with ordinary soil. If necessary, during the summer, the soil is loosened, removing weeds, and in the first two years after planting, the plants are spud. In early spring and after cutting at the end of May, they are fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, lightly digging up the soil to a depth of 10-15 cm.
The first shoots will appear in the second year at the beginning of May. But the real harvest can only be enjoyed next year. Young shoots usually begin to be harvested in May, and in cold weather - after three days. After they grow back, break out or cut off the shoots at a height of 3-4 cm from the rhizome. After harvesting, the asparagus is fed, the soil is loosened.
The first harvest is usually small - 2-3 shoots per plant. 3-4 years after planting, the harvest will constantly increase (25 or more), the next 8-12 years will become more or less constant. Then the stems become smaller and the yield decreases.