Lilac. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Flowering. Shrubs. Garden Plants. A Photo

Table of contents:

Lilac. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Flowering. Shrubs. Garden Plants. A Photo
Lilac. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Flowering. Shrubs. Garden Plants. A Photo

Video: Lilac. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Flowering. Shrubs. Garden Plants. A Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: The Dirt: Lilacs | The Dirt | Better Homes & Gardens 2023, January
Anonim

Thousands of people come to the steep slopes of the Dnieper-Slavutych to admire the blooming lilac garden, not only from Kiev, but also guests from Moscow, Leningrad, distant Siberia and even from abroad. And everyone is attracted by the blooming miracle created in the Central Republican Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev.

About 200 varieties of lilacs are presented here on an area of ​​one and a half hectares. And what colors you will not see here, what scents you will not breathe! It is difficult to write about this extraordinary garden, or, as the scientists call it, Syringaria. At the time of flowering, it is photographed by numerous amateurs and photojournalists, the cameras of film and television studios are fixed on film, and artists draw.

Lilac (Lilac)
Lilac (Lilac)

© Infobgv

From the history of ornamental gardening, it is known that lilacs were first brought to Europe by an Austrian diplomat from Constantinople back in 1563. This diplomat, examining the wonderful gardens of the then capital of Turkey, preserved from Byzantine times, drew attention to a flowering bush. The Turks called this plant "lilak". Returning to his homeland, the diplomat took out the seeds of the plant he liked. Subsequently, under the name "Turkish viburnum" lilacs migrated from Vienna to neighboring countries and soon became fashionable in all European countries, including Russia. There was no manor house at that time, where they would not consider it a duty to acquire several bushes of fashionable lilacs.

However, the true pedigree of lilacs, like walnuts, remained little known for a long time, and only relatively recently it was possible to find out its details. It was believed that the birthplace of lilacs is Iran, but only in 1828 botanists managed to establish that it comes from the hard-to-reach areas of the Transylvanian Alps, as well as the mountainous regions of present-day Yugoslavia and Bulgaria.

Lilac (Lilac)
Lilac (Lilac)

© Romfordian

The scientific name of the lilac "syringa" is associated with one of the ancient Greek legends. It tells how Pan, the god of forests and fields, persistently sought reciprocity from the nymph Syringa. But the god was very ugly: bearded, horned, goat-footed. The beauty Siringa, fleeing the persecution of the annoying and ugly Pan, in despair, turned into a beautiful fragrant plant. The unlucky Pan, saddened by a bush that suddenly stood in the place of a nymph, made a pipe from his branch and retired to his domain.

Paying tribute to the legend, the outstanding botanist Linnaeus named the legendary plant the name of the unfortunate nymph.

In the ornamental gardening of the world there are now over 600 varieties of lilacs, differing in the structure and size of flowering brushes, aroma, color of flowers, and shape of leaves. If earlier the breeding of new varieties of lilac was a monopoly of foreign breeders, now dozens of wonderful varieties have been created by our scientists and practitioners. Among them, one cannot fail to mention the works of L.A. Kolesnikov, a Moscow experimental Michurinist, laureate of the State Prize. Lilacs are of amazing beauty! Especially attractive are the varieties created by him and his favorite varieties: Gastello, Dream, Pioneer, Bolshevik, which can now be found in the gardens and parks of Moscow, Tbilisi, Tashkent, Riga and other cities of the Soviet Union.

Lilac (Lilac)
Lilac (Lilac)

© Julie Kertesz

Lilac is predominantly a shrub plant, sometimes it looks like a small tree. According to the color of flowers, five groups of lilacs are distinguished: lilac-blue, white, lilac-pink, purple and violet. However, L.A. Kolesnikov created varieties of lilacs of unusual colors: blue, dark purple with a white border, lilac-silver and bright red.

The glory of the lilac varieties bred by Ukrainian breeders is also spreading. Their varieties Ukraine, the lights of Donbass, Kiev, Poltava and others cause universal admiration.

Lilac (Lilac)
Lilac (Lilac)

© Dezidor

Despite its southern origin, lilac grows well in our country and tolerates even severe frosts of the Solovetsky Islands, Tobolsk, Krasnoyarsk. It is quite demanding on soils and their moisture, it reproduces well by seeds, root shoots and green cuttings, and also grows quickly. Lilac is very valuable as a forcing plant for greenhouses and greenhouses. Here they achieve its violent flowering even in the midst of a harsh winter.

Materials used:

S.I.Ivchenko - Book about trees

Popular by topic