Feverweed. Eringium. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Plants. Dried Flowers. Flowers. A Photo

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Feverweed. Eringium. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Plants. Dried Flowers. Flowers. A Photo
Feverweed. Eringium. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Plants. Dried Flowers. Flowers. A Photo

Video: Feverweed. Eringium. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Medicinal Plants. Dried Flowers. Flowers. A Photo

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Feverweed or Eringium (Eryngium) - genus of herbaceous plants of the family Umbrella (Umbelliferae).

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© marcella2

Name

The name "Sinegolovnik", or "Sinegolov" refers to many other plants that have mostly blue flowers clustered in the head, such as Mordovnik, Burnet, Cornflower, Gentian, Osot. Another name is known - "sea holly", which comes from the places of its cultivation on the sea coasts in the Mediterranean. Usually this name is attributed to one species Eryngium maritimum, but the plant has nothing to do with the genus Holly (Ilex). Due to some resemblance to thistle, the plant may be referred to as weeds.

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© stephenbuchan

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© stephenbuchan

Spread

About 230 species in tropical, subtropical and temperate zones, mainly in Mexico and South America. In the former USSR, there are about 15 species, mainly in the southern regions.

It grows in sandy places, in bushes and in steppes.

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© kfjmiller

Botanical description

Many, less often biennial or annual herbs.

The stem is straight, naked, bluish, branched at the top, up to half a meter high.

The leaves are whole or pinnately dissected, often leathery and prickly toothed.

The flowers are small, mostly blue-blue, of the common umbellate type, collected at the top of the branches in an ovoid head; the bedspread consists of 6–7 narrow-lanceolate leaves not exceeding the head of the spiny leaves.

The fruits are covered with scales.

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© shinichiro *

Growing

Soil: any soil is suitable for planting, but for better development, sufficiently rich moisture-absorbing soil is preferable. Under each plant, 1-2 handfuls of lime (ground eggshell) must be added, which will contribute to a more intense coloring of the inflorescences. The flat-leaved will survive perfectly on poor hard-stone clays, losing almost no weight, but winning in color, which becomes brighter in such Spartans.

Care: in addition to the usual weeding, they need to systematically loosen the soil around the bushes. In mid-June, species with long, thin stems should be tied to a support. Most species of blueheads in central Russia are quite winter-hardy.

Reproduction: by seeds and dividing the bush. It is difficult to propagate erythematosus by dividing, since their roots break and the delenki do not take root well. The bushes are divided in May, while protecting very fragile roots. Planting is carried out keeping the distance between plants at least 30-40 cm.

Seed propagation is preferable. Seeds are sown before winter in open ground. Can be sown for seedlings in February-March. At a temperature of 18 o, seedlings appear on the 20-30th day. Seedlings are transplanted while they are small.

Hybrids, which are usually sterile, are propagated for sale by microcloning, and for friends - by longitudinal division of powerful roots with several rosettes. Divided in the spring.

Practical use

Tall plants look great in group plantings or singly, low ones are beautiful in beddings, mixborders. Eineheads are classic components for winter bouquets, and if you cut the plants in full bloom, they will stay that way for many years. Low-rise views can be used for an alpine slide. In some regions of Russia it is called "chertogon". Until now, bunches of dried plants are hung over the front door, believing that a person capable of doing evil will not be able to cross the threshold of the house.

Eryngium planum is widely used as a medicinal plant among the peoples of the former USSR and in Western Europe.

The use of infusion and decoction of herbs in folk medicine as a blood-purifying and sedative agent is widely known. It is used for chronic bronchitis, irritating cough, whooping cough, dropsy, kidney stones, aches, fright, scrofula, and especially nightmares and insomnia. The herb infusion causes and intensifies menstruation, relieves pain and inflammation, and has an antitoxic effect. With a toothache, rinse your mouth with a decoction or lubricate the gums with vodka tincture.

Consult a physician before use

Recommended for further versatile research. Deserves cultural introduction. Collect grass and inflorescences during flowering, dry in the shade outdoors or in sheds.

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© keartona

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© pgreen3

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© gdaneuk

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© Carl E Lewis

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