Saintpaulias are the most beloved and common indoor plants. Saintpaulias belong to the Gesneriaceae family. The homeland of Saintpaulias or violets is the Uzambar Mountains of tropical Africa.
By the variety and beauty of flowers, uzambar violets are unmatched. Duration of flowering - up to 10 months a year, flowering occurs in winter.
Saintpaulias are herbaceous plants with fleshy leaves, densely pubescent, collected in a rosette. Flowers are numerous, on thin stalks, of the most varied colors - lilac, purple, dark purple, blue, pink. Now a huge number of varieties of violets have been bred, differing in the shape and size of leaves, color and shades of flowers.
Saintpaulias can put up with room conditions, but they require good lighting. The brighter the room, the more abundant the bloom of violets and the brighter the color of the flowers. Saintpaulia cannot stand direct sunlight - they leave burns on the delicate leaves. On the southern windows, violets must be shaded by covering the window with a cloth.
© Korzun Andrey
Every spring, violets need to be transplanted into loose, nutritious soil, consisting of a mixture of peat, turf and sand. During the summer and autumn, violets are fed twice a month with a weak mullein solution and full mineral fertilizer. It is impossible to spray the plants, as discolored areas may appear on the leaves, and the leaves will lose their decorative effect. To increase the humidity, containers with wet moss or water are placed near the pots with violets. In winter, watering violets should be cut and kept on cool east or west windows, at a temperature of 20 degrees. In this case, the plant will have a dormant period. If you want to get flowering plants, pots with violets are placed in a warm place, where the temperature is about 25 degrees, arrange additional artificial lighting and watered abundantly.In this case, the violets must be replanted twice a year - in spring and autumn.
© Korzun Andrey
Saintpaulias are propagated by leaf cuttings and by dividing the rosette. But the best way to propagate is through leafy cuttings. You can root cuttings in wet sand or water. For good and fast rooting of cuttings, a lot of light, warmth and moisture are needed. For cuttings, take healthy, not too young leaves. Before rooting, the petiole is cut obliquely with a razor so that the remaining end is no longer than 4 cm and immersed in a container of water. The water should be settled for at least a day, and the container is covered with paper on top with a hole for the handle. Petioled roots will appear within 3 weeks. When the roots reach 3 cm in length, the petioles are planted in moist soil to a depth of 2 cm, with deep planting they will germinate for a long time. A pot with planted leaves is watered abundantly and covered with a jar or film.After about 2 months, sprouts will appear and the jar can be removed. The optimum temperature for the development of young outlets is 25 degrees. From planting a young petiole to obtaining a flowering plant, it will take at least six months.