The Healing Power Of Sage. Medicinal Properties. Growing, Care, Varieties. Photo

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The Healing Power Of Sage. Medicinal Properties. Growing, Care, Varieties. Photo
The Healing Power Of Sage. Medicinal Properties. Growing, Care, Varieties. Photo

Video: The Healing Power Of Sage. Medicinal Properties. Growing, Care, Varieties. Photo

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The homeland of sage is Asia Minor. In time immemorial, it was brought by the Greeks to the Mediterranean, from where it penetrated, already as a cultivated plant, to all countries of Central and Southern Europe. The genus name comes from the Latin salvus - healthy, saving, healing. In nature, there are more than 700 species of sage. In our country, two are most common - medicinal sage (Salvia officinalis) and clary sage (Salvia sclarea).

Blooming sage officinalis
Blooming sage officinalis

Content:

  • Where to plant and how to grow sage?
  • Sage care
  • Recommended sage varieties
  • Human-valued properties of sage

Where to plant and how to grow sage?

Both types of sage are photophilous, drought-resistant and thermophilic, reproduce by seeds, seedlings, medicinal sage also by dividing the bush, as well as by cuttings.

Sage seeds can be sown in the spring on the garden bed, seeding to a depth of 1.5-2 cm.In July, when 4-5 true leaves develop, transplant the plants to a permanent place with a distance of 30-40 cm between them. Both types of sage do not present to the soil high requirements, but still grow better on fertile, medium and light loamy. These plants do not tolerate only excess moisture.

Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis

Sage care

Sage care consists in weeding, loosening and watering (if necessary). Every spring, fertilizing is carried out with mineral fertilizers per 1 m 2: 12-15 g of ammonium sulfate, 20-25 g of superphosphate, 8-10 g of potassium salt. For the winter, beds with clary sage must be covered, in snowless and cold winters the plants freeze out. Sage is usually grown in one place for 4-6 years. It blooms in July-August. Flowering lasts three to four weeks.

Recommended sage varieties

Clary sage:

Ascension sage 24 is a perennial (more often biennial) winter-hardy plant with a height of 1.5-2 m, when cultivated in the Moscow region - no higher than 1 m. The stem is compact, erect, paniculate-branched above. The leaves are large, oval-cordate, tuberous, dark green, with weak pubescence. With a lack of moisture, leaf pubescence increases. Blooms already in the first year and blooms profusely in subsequent years. The upper lip of the corolla of the flower is bluish-violet, the lower lip is creamy white, the calyx is green. The duration of the growing season from germination to technical ripeness of inflorescences in the first year of growing season is 105-109 days. The content of essential oil in fresh inflorescences is 0.25%

Clary sage
Clary sage

Salvia officinalis:

  • Sage Kuban is a strongly branched perennial shrub, 69-73 cm high. The stem is strongly leafy, lignified from below, herbaceous above, so in winter the upper part of the bush dies off. Leaves are ovate or lanceolate, on long petioles, look almost gray from dense puffing, up to 10 cm long. Apical inflorescences, spike-shaped, rise high above the leaves, 23-25 ​​cm long. Flowers up to 2 cm long, blue-violet, light pink or white, collected in whorled racemose inflorescences. In the first year, 3% of plants bloom, in the second - 99%. The variety is winter-hardy, drought-resistant, slightly damaged by scoop caterpillars.
  • Sage Patriarchal Semko is a perennial plant 50-80 cm high, well leafy. At the top of the stem, the leaves are small. The flowers are blue-violet. The mass of one plant in the second year of cultivation reaches 200-300 g.
  • Sage breeze is a perennial plant up to 60 cm high, densely leafy; nectar is a perennial plant up to 100 cm high. The flowers of these varieties are blue-violet. The leaves are large, tender, so both varieties are classified as vegetable sage for salad purposes.

Human-valued properties of sage

Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis

The healing properties of sage

Sage leaves, according to modern medicine, have a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic effect. It is used to strengthen the nervous system, with trembling hands, to reduce perspiration. Sage is used as an antiseptic for rinsing the mouth for stomatitis, bleeding gums, sore throat (10-30 g of dry leaves are brewed in 1 glass of boiling water).

Inhalation from essential oil is recommended for inflammation of the airways. Dried salvia officinalis is included in spice mixtures in cooking. In recent years, vegetable varieties of medicinal sage with tender large leaves have been developed.

If leaves and inflorescences are used in medicinal sage, then in clary sage only inflorescences are used. The essential oil isolated from them has antibacterial activity and high wound healing ability. This oil is used to successfully treat burns, ulcers that do not heal for a long time. Dry inflorescences of the plant are added to medicinal fees. The aroma of clary sage inflorescences resembles the aroma of amber and nutmeg, so they are used in perfumery. Essential oil is used in the confectionery industry, in the food industry for flavoring cheeses, tea and wines.

Clary sage has not only medicinal properties, but also a special decorative effect. Planted on the porch or wall of the house, in the center of the flower bed, in the mix-border, it will create a spectacular backdrop for the shorter flower plants growing in front of it. Groups of 5-7 plants look even more beautiful on the distant planes of the lawn. Bright inflorescences and large leaves of clary sage retain their decorative effect for a long time and will decorate your garden. This type of sage is good not only in the garden, but also in a bouquet.

If you want to enjoy beautiful flowers and drink aromatic tea - plant clary sage!

Materials used:

L. Shilo, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, VNIISSOK, Moscow Region

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