Salvia - Growing From Seed. How To Get Good Seedlings. Photo

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Salvia - Growing From Seed. How To Get Good Seedlings. Photo
Salvia - Growing From Seed. How To Get Good Seedlings. Photo

Video: Salvia - Growing From Seed. How To Get Good Seedlings. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Growing Salvia from seed to sprout step-by-step | Victoria Blue Salvia 2023, February
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Salvia, or Sage (Salvia) - perennial ornamental-flowering, essential oil and medicinal plants of the Lamiaceae family. Representatives of this large genus of plants (according to the modern classification there are up to 700-900 species and subspecies) are common in all parts of the Old and New World.

Salvia has a characteristic tetrahedral stem and tubular two-lipped flowers of bright red color, pleasing to the eye with magnificent flowering from June to autumn frosts. Currently, breeders have bred salvia varieties with a height of 25-80 cm (depending on the variety) with flowers of other colors: white, burgundy, pink. Representatives of this large genus contain useful essential oils, many of which are used in medicine.

Sage brilliant or Salvia brilliant (Salvia splendens)
Sage brilliant or Salvia brilliant (Salvia splendens)

In culture, salvia is grown as an annual. If the name "salvia" was fixed for the ornamental varieties, then for the medicinal and wild varieties - "sage". The most popular species are grown in culture:

  • Salvia sparkling, or Sage brilliant (Salvia splendens), which is used to decorate flower beds, rock gardens and pot compositions. It is in perfect harmony with lobelia, cineraria, marigolds;
  • Medicinal sage (Salvia officinalis) is used in medicine as a raw material for the production of tinctures and extracts.

Tinctures are made from dry sage leaves that help fight diseases such as tonsillitis, gastritis, bronchitis, kidney disease, and gum disease. Sage has a unique ability to stop bleeding, soothe toothache. It is able to alleviate the course of fungal skin diseases and psoriasis.

Sage leaves, for medicinal use, should be harvested in the fall or spring before flowering.

Sage officinalis (Salvia officinalis)
Sage officinalis (Salvia officinalis)

Growing salvia

It is not difficult to grow garden salvia and take care of it, the main thing is to sow seeds on time, and carefully transplant the grown seedlings into open ground. Since the plant blooms only after 2-3 months, the seeds should be sown no later than February.

Sowing Salvia Seeds

Expanded clay is poured at the bottom of the planting box, then a light soil substrate, which is desirable to purchase in a specialized store. The mixture is poured so that at least 2 cm remains to the upper side of the box. Then the substrate is generously moistened and, covered with glass or film, left overnight. Salvia seeds are tiny, so it is advisable to mix them with coarse sand before sowing. Then the seeds are scattered over the substrate and lightly pressed down by hand. Then it is moistened from a spray bottle, the box is covered with foil or glass and kept at an optimum temperature of 20 … 25 ° C.

As soon as the seeds germinate, the seedlings must be rearranged on a sunny windowsill and provide them with additional illumination (daylight hours for young plants should be 12 hours, no less). When watering, the soil should not be poured, but it should not be dry. In young plants, excessive watering often causes the base of the shoots to rot. If this happens, you must immediately remove the film or glass, reduce watering, and sprinkle the surface of the substrate with sifted ash or sand. It is better to transplant the grown seedlings into new planting containers.

Salvia sparkling salmon
Salvia sparkling salmon
Salvia sparkling white
Salvia sparkling white
Salvia sparkling purple
Salvia sparkling purple

Salvia seedlings picking

After the appearance of two true leaves, the seedlings dive into individual containers and cover with paper for 2-3 days. The soil is suitable for sowing seeds. In order for the bush to grow beautiful and lush, after the appearance of 3 pairs of leaves, the tops of the shoots must be pinned.

Disembarkation of salvia to a permanent place

Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place after the establishment of warm weather, when the threat of spring frosts has passed. Plants are placed at intervals of 20-30 cm. The planting site should be sunny, and the soil should be light nutritious. If the soil is heavy, dilute it with humus.

Further care

The plant does not need systematic watering, although during dry summer periods it will still have to be watered, otherwise it will wither. If this happens, you should wait for the evening and drink the salvia. After watering, it will quickly recover and regain its former blooming appearance. Further care will consist in loosening, protection from weeds and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.

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