Video: Rowan. Trees. Fruit And Berry. Legends, Legends. History. Beneficial Features. Application. Garden Plants. A Photo
The last month of summer invariably pleases us with a bountiful harvest. But before apples, pears, plums, curly mountain ash will give its ripe fiery red fruits. The only problem is that the berries are bitter, in order to taste them, you have to wait until frost. At the end of September there is a special day, “Peter and Pavel - a mountain ash”, then after the first frost the fruits of the mountain ash become sweet.
Wonderful, though usually sad, songs are composed about mountain ash. The people love it no less than the birch, and has also long been planted near houses.
© Luigi FDV
Rowan is of great benefit to people. Its red sweet fruits contain a whole complex of vitamins (it contains more vitamin C than lemon), microelements and tannins. Since ancient times, mountain ash has been ranked as a medicinal plant. Its flowers and fruits, juice and powder from dried berries are widely used in folk medicine.
Rowan blooms in May, and then its flowers attract thousands of bees and with their help give fragrant honey. Rowan shoots were also used: carts for carts, country furniture, baskets were woven from them. Tough and hard wood with beautiful regular growth rings polishes well. It was used to make dishes, and they made axes and handles for hammers from it. But products made from it cannot be stored in damp places, since then they lose strength.
According to the rowan harvest in the old days, they learned to predict the weather: abundant fruiting promised a rainy autumn and frosty winter. The ancient Slavs called the mountain ash Perunova club, asked for its protection from various troubles. The echoes of such beliefs survived almost to the last century. Rowan was necessarily used in wedding ceremonies, as they believed that it is a talisman for the young. Its berries were laid out in the pockets of the newlyweds, and the leaves were put into shoes to protect themselves from the wiles of evil spirits and sorcerers.
For the same purposes, the Udmurts, when laying a new house, stuck a mountain ash stick into its center, and in the Vladimir province they planted a live mountain ash. And vice versa, in Belarus this tree was considered vengeful - whoever cut it down will soon die himself or a dead man will appear in his house.
Among different peoples, certain beliefs were associated with rowan, because it is very widespread, practically throughout the entire territory of our country. The genus "mountain ash" includes more than a hundred species, in our country there are 34 of them. Some mountain ash trees reach 30 meters in height, their crowns are visible high in the sky on straight, slender trunks. Other types of mountain ash are almost tied in a knot, bend, "bowing with their head to the very tyna." But these are rare - rowan reaches for the sun.