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Video: Rosemary Is The Freshness Of The Sea. Growing, Beneficial Properties. Photo
Warmed by the warmth of the sun, the Mediterranean countries are the birthplace of the evergreen rosemary shrub. Rosemary can reach a height of up to two meters, its gray-green leaves resemble needles, small bluish flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences. If you rub the rosemary leaves in your hands, you can feel the characteristic bright smell. Rosemary leaves, flowers and tops of the shoots contain essential oils, and they contain the healing power of this plant and the aroma used by culinary experts.
- Rosemary applications
- Rosemary Care Secrets
- Growing rosemary
- Propagation of rosemary
All over the world, rosemary is primarily one of the main spices. Previously, rosemary was practically unknown in our country as such. Recently, however, an increasing number of gardeners have been growing rosemary for culinary use.
Rosemary has a very strong pine-like aroma and a very spicy, slightly pungent taste. Fresh or dry, rosemary is used as a spice for processing fish; in small quantities it is added to vegetable soups and dishes, salads, fried meat, poultry, mushrooms and marinades. Gives a pleasant taste to soft cheeses, potatoes and pastry.
Rosemary is very popular in Mediterranean and French cuisines. It is a part of Provencal herbs and a "bouquet of garni", vinegar is infused on it, added to drinks and marinades. In addition, rosemary has been found to be an excellent tonic and antidepressant. The substances contained in it stimulate cerebral circulation and mental abilities, help to strengthen memory, bring out of the state of apathy. It has rosemary and a strong antimicrobial effect.
Mankind has been well aware of the medicinal properties of rosemary since ancient times. Ancient Greek doctors discovered the healing effects of rosemary and described it in their writings. Rosemary is still considered one of the most popular medicinal plants today. The healing properties of rosemary are widely used in traditional medicine.
An infusion of rosemary leaves is used orally for diseases of the upper respiratory tract and for asthma, the same infusion can be used to gargle with inflammatory diseases of the pharynx and larynx. Rosemary oil is used for nervous system disorders. The oil can be applied in 1-3 drops internally, as well as externally for baths, inhalations and massage.
An interesting fact: to extract 1 kg of essential oil, 50 kg of raw materials are needed.
Rosemary Care Secrets
Prolonged frosts, below -10.. -12 ° С, so frequent in our country, destroy its aboveground parts. Therefore, we can only grow rosemary outdoors in the south. In more northern regions, it is bred exclusively as a container culture. Residents of Great Britain, France and Germany have been doing the same for a long time and successfully. In England they say that it grows only with good housewives. This seems to be true: not everyone can create Mediterranean conditions in foggy Albion.
Lighting: areas on the southern slopes are allocated for rosemary.
Watering: moderate watering.
Reproduction: seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush and layering.
Soil: Prefers dry, permeable, calcareous soils with good aeration. It also grows on dry sandy and crushed stone soils. Does not tolerate excessive moisture and acidic soils.
Features of care: consist in the timely loosening of the soil in rows and aisles, removing weeds and applying nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. They are fed every two weeks with a mullein solution (1: 5) or give a complete mineral fertilizer: ammonium nitrate - 15-20, superphosphate - 30, potassium sulfate - 15-20 g per 10 liters of water. Phosphate fertilizers are applied in the fall, nitrogen fertilizers - in the spring in the zone of occurrence of the active root system. Resistant to diseases and pests. Light pruning is carried out in March-April.
Rosemary needs a lot of sun in summer (the pots are taken out into the open air), and in winter it needs coolness (up to 10-13 ° C), otherwise it will not bloom. Moderate moisture is required, and the soil is loose, light, consisting of sand mixed with sod, deciduous and humus soil (in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 2).
Relatively recently, it was difficult to buy this plant from us. And now both seeds and bushes have appeared on sale. And not only in flower shops, but also in supermarkets - like fresh herbs. This is convenient: we cut off the tops and serve them to the table, and transplant the plant itself into the ground and water it regularly, sometimes spray it and feed it with universal fertilizers. And constantly pinch the growing branches. Then we will have enough rosemary greens for a roast and for aromatic vinegar, and the bush will be beautifully formed.
Propagation of rosemary
Rosemary is propagated by seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush and layering.
Nuts (seeds) can be stored in paper bags for 2-3 years without losing their viability. Laboratory seed germination is 90-100%, soil germination - 80-90%. Before sowing, the seeds do not require special treatment; they germinate at +12.. +22 ° С. Seeds germinate well when sown in a mixture of gravel and peat (1: 1) in a greenhouse. Embedment depth with. 0.3-0.4 cm, surface sowing.
Seeds for seedlings are sown in February - early March. Seedlings appear only a month after sowing. Then the plants are dived into pots 6 x 6 cm. In open ground in the south, seedlings are planted according to the scheme 50 x 50 cm. They are often propagated by cuttings of annual shoots. The best time for harvesting them is September - October. Cuttings 8-10 cm long with three to four internodes are immediately planted in cold greenhouses. The rooting rate is 60-80%. With a feeding area of 4 x 5 cm and good care, standard seedlings are grown throughout the year
The freshness of the sea, or sea dew - this is how the name rosemary is translated from Latin. Although its smell is not very similar to the acute iodine marine one: grayish-green leaves give off more like pine and camphor. And, perhaps, those who consider the name "rosemary" to be Greek, meaning "balsamic shrub" are right after all.