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Video: Pharmacy Chamomile - Useful Properties, Cultivation. Photo
Despite the development of modern medicine, it cannot be denied that the use of medicinal plants for various diseases is quite a good help. Do not forget that many medicines are made on the basis of these very plants. In this sense, chamomile is one of the leaders among useful plants. Even the name of the plant speaks for itself. Let's try to figure out what makes pharmacy chamomile so popular in medicine, as well as how to grow chamomile on your site.
- Useful properties of chamomile pharmacy
- Growing chamomile pharmacy
Useful properties of chamomile pharmacy
The medicinal properties of chamomile are known to mankind for a long time. Ancient Greek doctors Hippocrates and Dioscorides recommended it to soothe pain and cramps. Pliny the Elder, noting that the god of healing Asclepius himself highly valued chamomile, wrote that all parts of the plant can be used as an antidote for snake bites, the broth can be used as a diuretic for liver diseases, excessive bile secretion, eye diseases, and a chewed plant can heal ulcers … Avicenna argued that chamomile is "the most useful remedy for exhaustion, because its warmth is like the warmth of an animal."
In some ancient states, this magic flower was considered sacred. And in our time, chamomile is an unofficial symbol of some countries. Representatives of all Slavic states consider her native. This is not surprising - after all, chamomile symbolizes the sun. The sun has always been considered by our ancestors an object of worship.
Chamomile is one of the most widely used medicinal plants, its inflorescences (Flores Chamomillae) are the official raw material in medicine in several dozen countries of the world.
By itself, chamomile is a powerful source of various nutrients. It is rich in vitamins, polysaccharides and flavonoids. The flavonoids of chamomile flowers contain twice as much as the flowers and herbs of such well-known medicinal plants as medicinal marigold or yarrow.
In addition, dry baskets of chamomile contain derivatives of apigenin, luteolin and quercetin, coumarins, polyyne compounds, free organic acids, phytosterols, tannins and mucous substances, bitterness, gum, carotene, protein substances, as well as glycosides apigenin and herniarin. On top of that, it contains azulene. Dry flower baskets contain chamomile essential oil. And all this wealth is necessary for our body.
In modern scientific medicine, infusions and decoctions of flower baskets of chamomile and its essential oil are used. Chamomile flowers are used as a part of gastric, diaphoretic and emollient preparations inward and outward.
The infusion of chamomile flower baskets has an anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antiseptic, weak astringent, analgesic, sedative, anticonvulsant, diaphoretic, choleretic effect.
Growing chamomile pharmacy
Unfortunately, in urban settings, it is not often possible to find pharmacy chamomile. More precisely, it is almost impossible. The only thing you have to do is buy a finished product at the pharmacy or arrange a trip out of town. True, even there this flower, to put it mildly, does not grow on every corner. But if you have your own summer cottage or plot, then you have the opportunity to grow and stock up on pharmacy chamomile in abundance.
Before you start growing this pharmacy chamomile, you need to decide on the place that you will allocate for it on your site. Basically, you don't need a lot of space. One or two square meters is enough. The highest yields can be obtained when the plant is grown on fertile soils that are free from weeds. Remember that chamomile is very fond of sunlight. This point is also very important to consider when choosing a place.
Three sowing periods of chamomile are permissible: winter (in July - August), subwinter and early spring. Seedlings with spring and winter crops appear in 10-20 days. When sowing podzimnym shoots appear in early spring.
Prepare the soil before planting. In principle, this process is not much different from similar processes used for other plants. Digging and fertilizing, the usual activities for any summer resident. Rotted manure or compost are perfect fertilizers. Of the nitrogen fertilizers for chamomile, ammonium sulfate or urea is best suited.
It is necessary to sow chamomile pharmacy no more often than every half meter. The furrow depth should be relatively shallow. Furrows must be shed well before planting. You can read the number of seeds used on the package. Typically, this is about about a gram per square meter.
If you decide to transplant pre-dug plants, then you must remember that the number of seedlings per square meter should not be more than 20-30. This should be followed when the time comes for thinning the seedlings.
Caring for the sowing of chamomile pharmacy consists in weeding and loosening the row spacings.
The full growth cycle of chamomile pharmaceutical takes about 60 days. Chamomile blooms for several weeks. During the growing season, 4-5 harvests are carried out. You need to know this, since all the beneficial properties of this plant are contained in the flower basket itself. When collecting chamomile, we will only need them. The flower baskets are harvested at the beginning of flowering, until their receptacle has acquired a conical shape.
The collected raw chamomile should not be kept in baskets or heaps for more than two to three hours, as it easily loses its quality. The harvested crop is dried either in the sun or using special dryers. I think everyone knows this process.
The ways to use chamomile are varied. For example, it can be brewed instead of tea. True, there is one but. The use of such an infusion in excessive quantities is not recommended. In this case, it is better to consult a specialist.
It is very useful to take a bath with the addition of chamomile. Such a bath will easily help you relieve fatigue and bring a healthy and sound sleep.
It is also useful to treat the places where inflammation is observed with chamomile infusion. However, you should not overdo it here either.
Provided the correct use of a plant like chamomile, your body will always be healthy and strong!