Table of contents:
- Shooting (or flowering) of radish
- Juicy tops, small roots
- Beautiful but empty
- Appetizing but bitter
- Delicious but burst
- And finally …
Video: Why Are Radishes Failing? How To Grow Radishes Correctly? Tips, Common Mistakes
One of the first vegetable crops that ripen in our beds is radish. We associate it with spring greenery, sufficient unpretentiousness and the first garden victories. However, radish is often the first failure of the vegetable season. Let's see why the radish is not always successful, and what to do to make it happy with the harvest.
Shooting (or flowering) of radish
Perhaps every gardener faced the problem of shooting radish. It seems that everything was sown on time, watered enough, and instead of increasing the root crop, the radish gives an arrow to start blooming. Why? There may be several reasons for this phenomenon:
- perhaps the radish seeds were collected from plants that were left over from last year's spring crops and were not selected for quality;
- it is possible that the sowing of radish was made late, and the culture simply reacted to a longer day length than is necessary for laying fruit;
- perhaps an unsuccessful variety was chosen that does not correspond to the given climatic zone and growing conditions.
Thus, in order to avoid the problem of radish blooming, it must be sown as soon as the soil is ripe and until mid-May, or in late July - early August, when the daylight hours does not exceed 14 hours, only high-quality varietal seeds and only zoned varieties, taking into account the ripening period of each of them.
Juicy tops, small roots
It also happens that the radish very intensively increases the top, while practically not developing the root crop itself. This problem can also be the result of several errors at once:
- growing crops with a lack of light;
- too deep planting of seeds in the soil;
- excess fertilizer;
- excessive watering.
In order for the radish to develop fully, forming not only a green mass, but also a high-quality root crop, it cannot be sown in a shaded place, it cannot be thickened. Seeds must be planted to a depth of 2 - 2.5 cm on light soils and 1 - 1.5 cm on heavy soils. Plant only on those beds where manure was introduced for previous crops. Observe a moderate watering regime until the formation of the root crop, slightly increasing it during the development of the first true leaf and significantly during the period of the radish ovary.
Beautiful but empty
Empty, tasteless radishes are also a common problem. This phenomenon is nothing more than the reaction of a plant to an excess of organic matter. Top dressing with fresh organic fertilizers in any quantity is contraindicated for radish; it is better to revitalize the soil on its beds with ash or complex mineral fertilizers.
Appetizing but bitter
Cases are also quite common when radish is beautiful, full-fledged, but… bitter in taste. These are the consequences of uneven watering. Being a moisture-loving crop, radish requires constant soil moisture at a level of 70% during the period of fruit formation. Therefore, it is necessary to water it not only abundantly, 10-15 liters per 1 square meter, but also regularly, preferably in the evening.
Delicious but burst
The problem of cracking of radish roots is also associated with improper watering. It usually occurs as a result of sharp changes in soil moisture indicators. Therefore, the mode of moistening the beds of this culture should in no case be neglected.
And finally …
If you want to collect beautiful, juicy, sweet radishes from your garden, take care of its condition (cleanliness, nutritional value and friability) in advance. This culture does not like weeding, reacts poorly to loosening and has a negative attitude towards thinning. Excessive anxiety gives her a signal for the manifestation of protective properties, namely: it makes it gain bitterness, leads to coarsening of the fibers, and pushes to flowering. Therefore, sow the radish seeds in rows with a distance of 4 - 5 cm between the plants, leaving 10 - 12 cm between the lines. For better lighting, orient the beds from north to south. And disturb the plants as little as possible, caring mainly only about high-quality, timely watering.