Video: Rhubarb Is Tasty And Healthy. Growing, Care, Application. Photo
Rhubarb is not only tasty but also has medicinal properties. The Chinese have long been using rhubarb in both cooking and medicine. Until the 18th century, this product was imported into Russia from China, then pharmacists began to grow it for their own purposes, and then everyone who wanted to see rhubarb on their table.
Vegetable species differ from medical ones in appearance: in the former, the leaves are whole-edged, in the latter, they are finger-cut or lobed.
Rhubarb is a large, perennial plant with a well-developed root system and a powerful root. Meaty stalks are used for food, from which you can make compote, cook jelly, make candied fruits and filling for pies. The petioles have a high content of ascorbic acid, sugar, rutin, pectin substances. It is the young petioles that should be used for food, since oxalic acid accumulates in the old ones, which is unsafe for health.
Rhubarb is picky about the composition of the soil; heavy clay, sandy and swampy soils are poorly suited for it. This is a very cold-resistant and moisture-loving plant, but does not tolerate stagnant water. Rhubarb is propagated by sowing seeds in spring and in the second half of summer, as well as in winter by seedlings of one-year-old plants or vegetatively.
Rhubarb shoots appear 8-20 days after sowing. In the first year of life, rhubarb forms only 3-4 small basal leaves, which die off for the winter. In the second year, rhubarb grows back in the second half of April, but develops very slowly. By the end of the growing season, it forms powerful basal leaves. It begins to bloom in the third year of life, and its development proceeds quite quickly - it blooms already in mid-June, and by the end of June the seeds begin to ripen.
For medicinal purposes, mainly rhubarb root is used. Due to the high content of glycosides, preparations from rhubarb roots have two uses: in large doses as a laxative, in small doses as an astringent. Rhubarb helps with constipation, flatulence, intestinal atony, in these cases as a laxative in the form of powder, infusion or rhubarb juice. For patients prone to hemorrhoids and bleeding, this drug is contraindicated.
With prolonged use of rhubarb, addiction and, consequently, weakening of the therapeutic effect is not excluded, therefore it is recommended to alternate preparations from rhubarb with others, for example, purgen or buckthorn.
As a laxative, rhubarb powder is taken from 0.5 to 2 g per day. As a tincture - 120 g per day. In the form of juice 250-500 g.
Rhubarb powder is used as an anti-inflammatory and choleretic agent, helps the general strengthening of the body in diseases such as tuberculosis and anemia. In the treatment of small patients, rhubarb should be used with caution because of the same oxalic acid, which can cause severe poisoning.
To prepare a medicinal preparation from rhubarb, you need to dig out the root in September, wash it, cut it into pieces, dry it in the sun, and then dry it at + 60 ° C.
The infusion is prepared in this way: 2 tablespoons of chopped roots are steamed in 250 g of boiling water. The powder is also made quite simply: grind the dried and chopped rhubarb root in a coffee grinder and the preparation is ready.
Contraindications: In large doses, drugs can cause vomiting, diarrhea, colicky abdominal pain, tenesmus, increased blood flow to the pelvic organs. To avoid this, the dose of the laxative is selected individually. Rhubarb preparations are contraindicated in acute appendicitis and cholecystitis, acute peritonitis, obstruction, intestinal infringement, and bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract. Caution during pregnancy.