Primrose Pink - The Queen Of Primroses. Description, Varieties. Cultivation And Care. Reproduction. Photo

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Primrose Pink - The Queen Of Primroses. Description, Varieties. Cultivation And Care. Reproduction. Photo
Primrose Pink - The Queen Of Primroses. Description, Varieties. Cultivation And Care. Reproduction. Photo
Video: Primrose Pink - The Queen Of Primroses. Description, Varieties. Cultivation And Care. Reproduction. Photo
Video: A Complete Guide for Planting Primula Flowers / Primrose Informations 2023, February
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One of the most abundant primroses, rose primrose is very common in gardens. Its inflorescences are beautiful and numerous, but the plant has only a few varieties, since it is very difficult to improve this already beautiful and bright primrose. Incomparable shades of deep pink and a large number of flowers evoke associations with roses, and their character is pleasantly surprising. For this primrose, you should carefully choose a place, but otherwise it will pleasantly surprise even the busiest and most experienced flower growers. She is one of the first to bloom and seems like a small spring miracle against the background of a garden that has not yet woken up.

Primrose pink
Primrose pink

Content:

  • Description of pink primrose
  • Varieties and forms of pink primrose
  • Primrose pink in garden design
  • Growing conditions for pink primrose
  • Rose primrose care
  • Breeding primrose

Description of pink primrose

Rose primrose is the only "cultured" representative of primroses, belonging to one of the fewest and little-known sections - Oreophlomis. Previously, this primrose was often attributed to the section of powdery primroses, but today its classification is not in doubt. This is a special section of medium-sized primroses with strikingly smooth, scalloped leaves and bright pink flowers to enjoy in early spring. Despite the fact that the name of the class is not known to most growers, it is difficult to confuse its bright representative with other primroses.

Primula pink (Primula rosea) is a herbaceous perennial belonging to the class of small primroses. In nature, pink primrose is a rare phenomenon and one of the brightest representatives of the category of Asian primroses, exotic for us, but still so desirable. Its beauty in the wild can only be enjoyed in the Himalayan mountains, at an altitude of more than 2500 m, almost at the snowy border, where this plant adorns with its dazzling flowering moist areas with a specific soil, mainly consisting of clay or peat. In gardening culture, the requirements for conditions hardly change, which makes the pink primrose stand out from the competition.

The appearance of a pink primrose, or as we like to call it, rosaceous, seems to be touching, tender and fragile. She really gives the impression of an extremely feminine and romantic crumbs, although her character is far from quivering. It is a compact plant up to 30 cm high (rosette of leaves up to 10 cm) with an unusual root system formed by thin, threadlike and strikingly long roots, which allow the plant to adapt well to unstable conditions and not lack moisture.

The plant produces leaves only on the eve of and during flowering, but full-fledged rosettes are formed only after it ends. Intense growth at the end of flowering allows the primrose to quickly acquire a neat and elegant appearance. Young leaves, until full disclosure and reaching their maximum size, flaunt a muted swampy shade of color with a bronze bloom.

They acquire their true shape after primrose bloom, striking with an ideal lanceolate-oval shape. The lower edge tapers sharply into winged petioles. The length of the leaves is from 10 to 20 cm. The edge is serrated, the top is obtuse, the surface of the leaves is slightly wrinkled. The sockets look very smart. The color of adult leaves is a rich light green, which stands out clearly against the background of ordinary garden plants.

The flowering of pink primrose is traditionally May. In regions with mild winters, it blooms in early spring, but in the middle lane of the luxurious parade this primrose will have to wait. It is very difficult to assess the structure and shape of the inflorescences: at the beginning of flowering, the peduncles are practically invisible, but gradually, as they bloom, they begin to grow and stretch.

On pedicels up to 15 cm in height, small-flowered umbrellas of inflorescences, consisting of 4-12 flowers, rise. The flowers of this primrose are medium-sized, only 10-12 mm in diameter, but they do not seem small. The flowers bloom in such quantity that the bushes turn into solid colored spots. The yellow eye and the deep indentation on the petals make the plant even more elegant. The lanceolate leaves of the envelope emphasize the graceful cylindrical tube and the corolla with a flat limb deeply dissected into broad-lanceolate lobes.

The color range of pink primrose is limited to dazzling bright candy shades of medium pink colors. Usually this primrose is characterized by a cold pink color, but there are exceptions.

Due to the rather early flowering, the timing and duration of the pink primrose parade depends on the weather. The flowers of this primrose may suffer from frost damage.

Primrose pink, grade "Gigas" (Gigas)
Primrose pink, grade "Gigas" (Gigas)

Varieties and forms of pink primrose

This type of primrose cannot boast of a great variety. But the limited number of varieties is explained not by the hopelessness of the plant, but by its extraordinary beauty. Improving the already bright and abundant bloom of pink primrose is quite difficult. Therefore, on sale you can find only two decorative plant forms and only one variety.

The ornamental form of the grandiflora (var. Grandiflora) is a variety with much larger flowers up to 2–3 cm in diameter. It seems more luxuriantly colored than the base plant. In catalogs, this form of primroses is often presented as a varietal plant.

Harris's decorative form (var. Harrissii) is undersized and dark pink, a very rare variety.

The variety "Gigas" is a larger plant, the peduncles of which can rise to a height of 40 cm. Bright pink, almost fuchsia, with a yellow eye, the flowers of this primrose are collected in larger, but also perceptibly friable shields of inflorescences. Leaves are smooth, large, up to 15 cm in length, peduncles are strong and thickened.

Primrose pink in garden design

Primrose pink is one of the most moisture-loving primroses. It can be used to decorate bodies of water, from small ponds to large ponds and streams, located in coastlines. But moist soil, comfortable for this primrose, can be found not only near water bodies. It grows well in damp flower beds, lowlands, those places that are uncomfortable for other primroses sensitive to moisture.

By planting clumps of this primrose in crevices, shady places of rockeries and rock gardens, at the foot of the slopes or at the lower levels of terraces, you can use the imperfections of the relief to create ideal conditions for the plants.

Primrose pink looks great as a spring accent. Its early and very bright bloom allows the garden to bloom with pink spots, so this plant is often placed where there are not enough seasonal bright accents in the spring.

Primrose pink looks great:

  • as decoration of lawns;
  • as small spring accents in classic flower beds;
  • used for color spots in the front garden;
  • as an accent in ornamental early flowering shrubs.

Primrose pink can be grown in primularia, mixborders, mixed flower beds of any style, shape and size. This plant is appropriate in gardens with a focus on pink color scheme or in projects mixing different colors. It fits perfectly into both regular and landscape compositions. The only limitation on its use is its modest size and flowering time.

The primrose is placed so that it can be admired (in the foreground or in places where the gaze will freely fall on it during flowering). The leaves of the plant do not spoil the flower beds, so you should not be afraid of voids and glades on them.

Partners for pink primrose are selected from among the plants flowering in the first half of the season. All bulbous primroses, including crocuses, snowdrops, scillas, pushkinia, hyacinths, charming muscari, bulbous irises, tulips, daffodils, other types of primroses, pansies, spring flowers complement and enhance its beauty.

Plants don't get lost in the company of herbaceous perennials and any crops that also prefer moist soil. Perfectly combined with other plants for the coastlines of water bodies, including daylilies, aquilegia, astilbe, hosts, etc.

Primrose pink, decorative form of grandiflora (var. Grandiflora)
Primrose pink, decorative form of grandiflora (var. Grandiflora)

Growing conditions for pink primrose

This amazing lush primrose is not a big fan of open, sunny areas. In the garden for her it is worth finding shaded, secluded areas with diffused lighting. In the middle lane, pink primrose does not grow in strong shade, an absent penumbra is chosen for it. Protection from drafts, warm places without active winds allow the plant to bloom more luxuriantly.

The origin of primrose rose should not be misleading. This primrose, indeed, loves swampy, moist soils, coastlines, stable moisture, but feels good in ordinary fresh soil. How much this plant can adapt to dry soil depends only on care.

Primrose rose thrives better in nutritious soils. The plant prefers peat and clay soils, placement near water bodies. Primrose pink does not tolerate alkaline soils, but it feels good not only in acidic, but also in neutral types of soil. Varietal plants are more capricious; they prefer to grow in stably moist soil near water bodies.

Planting pink primrose is carried out using the simplest technique. For the plant, they dig out planting holes according to the size of the root system and seedlings, carefully set the primrose without deepening the growth points and compact the soil around. Abundant watering is the only thing she will need after planting. Traditionally, this primrose is recommended to be replanted in late summer or early September, but the plant is not afraid of planting even during flowering.

Rose primrose care

This is one of the primroses that requires little or no maintenance. In a drought, when the soil dries out or in extreme heat, even near water bodies (if the primrose is not planted in a shaded place where the soil never overheats), it is better for the plant to conduct additional watering. In places with drier soil, watering should be regular.

You can protect primrose from weeds and overheating of the roots by mulching. If the soil is not mulched, the maintenance program includes periodic weeding and loosening.

Dry flower stalks, if you are not going to grow their own seeds, it is better to cut off in time.

The plant is divided only when signs of degeneration of part of the clumps or old rosettes appear. It is a long-lasting primrose that does not suffer from pests and diseases.

For the winter, pink primrose bushes are additionally protected by mulching. The plant is frost-resistant enough for the middle lane, but it can disappear in snowless or extremely unstable winters. The bushes are protected by a simple cover with a layer of dry leaves. The mulch must be removed in spring to prevent the curtains from drying out and to remove obstacles to shoot growth.

It is better to plant primrose pink in a shaded place where the soil never overheats
It is better to plant primrose pink in a shaded place where the soil never overheats

Reproduction of primrose pink

Rose primrose is easy to propagate by dividing the bushes. At the main outlet, daughter plants are constantly formed, most often it grows in a group or a hummock. Dividing large bushes into 2-3 parts allows you to get strong new plants, which are planted as independent specimens. It is not the fastest growing of primroses, but it grows quite well. The optimal time for separation is after the end of flowering and growth of rosettes, from the second half of June to mid-July.

You can grow pink primrose and from seeds. They can be sown before winter, but since germination is better influenced not by freezing, but by cold stratification, sowing is best done in spring, in April or May. The seeds can be kept for several weeks at a temperature of 2 to 4 degrees Celsius or, after sowing, the containers can be kept cool, at a temperature of about 15 degrees, until shoots appear.

Stratification can also be replaced by sowing under snow. Seeds are sown in light all-purpose soil in containers, superficially, with light soil cover. Under a film or glass, in a bright and warm place (when using stratified seeds), seedlings appear in about 2-3 weeks.

Young primroses dive after they release the first full-fledged leaf. As soon as the weather permits, young plants are transferred to open soil - to a permanent place or to a bed for growing. Seedlings of pink primrose are sensitive to return frost, so it is better to wait with a transplant until the end of May or the beginning of June, taking care of additional watering for young plants.

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