Christmas Tree In A Pot. How To Choose And Save?

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Christmas Tree In A Pot. How To Choose And Save?
Christmas Tree In A Pot. How To Choose And Save?

Video: Christmas Tree In A Pot. How To Choose And Save?

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Video: 7 Tips to Pick & Keep the Perfect Christmas Tree 2023, February
Anonim

What a New Year's holiday can do without our green pet! The Christmas tree is a decoration for any New Year's feast. Its gorgeous forest scent makes it even more attractive. Different shapes, colors, and the ability to decorate this New Year's beauty made her popular all over the world! But we all know that the New Year's holidays end quickly, and we absolutely don't want to part with this New Year's miracle! Let's think about how to prolong our joy, and above all, how not to buy a "pig in a poke".

Christmas tree in a pot
Christmas tree in a pot

Content:

  • Buying a Christmas tree
  • How can you keep a tree in a pot?
  • Transplanting a tree into open ground
  • Further care of the tree
  • Types of Christmas trees

Buying a Christmas tree

Dwarf spruce or fir species are ideal for growing in tubs. If you want a less traditional Christmas tree, look out for dwarf juniper, pine, cypress, yew (be careful, the plant is poisonous), thuja, and other conifers. Today, various species, varieties and colors of these plants are widely available.

When purchasing a tree for growing in a container, be sure to check its cold resistance. In order for the tree to spend most of the year in the garden or on the balcony, its frost resistance should be 1-2 zones higher than in your region (plants in containers freeze faster than in open ground).

Trees with an open root system

Before Christmas and New Years, such trees and firs are usually sold directly on the tree plantations, where they will be dug up for you or you will be offered to dig them yourself. After bringing the tree home, place its roots in a bucket of water for several hours, and then transplant the tree into a suitable sized container filled with moist, fertile soil.

When purchasing trees with an open root system, keep in mind that only very young and small Christmas trees will take root in pots. The larger and more mature a tree is, the less likely it is to survive the stress of such a transplant. Buy only those trees that were dug in your presence and did not have time to dry out.

Christmas bazaar
Christmas bazaar

Christmas trees with earthen lump

These trees have been specially grown by the grower so that they can be dug out of the ground and delivered to the buyer with minimal stress to the root system. The roots of such trees are kept moist, since the clod of earth is protected by burlap or garden material.

Carefully remove the burlap or material and place the whole lump in a prepared tub with moist, fertile soil. The chance of survival of such trees is much higher than those sold with an open root system.

Christmas trees in containers

Before buying a tree in a container, try to lift the plant with roots out of the pot and carefully examine the root system. The roots, like the tree itself, should look fresh and the soil in the pot should be moist. Such trees, if they were grown according to all the rules, are ideal for further cultivation in a tub.

You can immediately, before the start of the winter holidays, transplant such a tree into a larger container with moist fertile soil. The larger container is heavier, the Christmas tree is more stable, and the soil stays wet longer.

Transplanting a tree into a tub
Transplanting a tree into a tub

How can you keep a tree in a pot?

While the tree in the pot is dressed up, caring for it consists in watering and spraying, because most of all, conifers in winter suffer from dry air. Sprinkle with water at room temperature, as the earthy coma dries up, ensuring uniform moderate soil moisture. Be sure to spray the needles to increase the humidity in the air.

It should not be forgotten that in nature, spruce winters in the cold. Therefore, it must be installed far from heating devices, as close as possible to a ventilated place. In an apartment environment, keeping a tree in a pot for a long time is troublesome and difficult, it is impossible to take it out into the cold right away: it will die, therefore, it is necessary to “accustom” the tree in a pot to lowering the temperature gradually.

After the New Year holidays, it is better to put a tree in a pot on a glazed balcony, insulate the tree pot in a circle, wrapping it with a blanket or in another way. At a temperature close to zero, the tree in the pot will not freeze, and the air on the balcony is more humid. The optimum temperature for conifers in winter is from –5 to +5 ° С. After waiting for spring, when the soil on the street thaws, you can begin to transplant the tree to the land.

Those who decide to grow a Christmas tree in a pot in an apartment should remember that a spruce in a pot will not live more than three to four years. Every year the tree is transplanted into a new container with added soil and fertilizer. For further growth of the root system, increase the container in size.

It is very difficult to create the required water-temperature regime in the container, as well as provide the plant with the necessary amount of nutrients. The root system becomes insufficiently spacious and without timely transplantation into open ground: a tree in a pot may die.

The smaller the plant, the easier it takes root. The survival rate, subject to the conditions of detention and transplantation, averages 80%.

Transplanting a tree into open ground

Spruce is planted from February to April. This plant prefers loamy and sandy loam soils. Planting is carried out in several stages. First you need to prepare a planting pit, the size of which should be 20-30 cm larger than the size of the coma. The pit walls should be steep. Drainage from broken brick and sand is laid on the bottom with a layer of 15-20 cm. When replanting, avoid overdrying the roots.

The composition of the land mixture: sod land, peat, sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. The tree should be planted taking into account the subsidence of the soil by 5-7 cm. The backfill is carried out with layer-by-layer compaction of the earth around the coma to its upper part. The root collar should be at ground level. When planting, add 100-150 g of nitroammofoska or use stimulants such as "root", "heteroauxin", etc., later it is not necessary to feed.

Caring for a Christmas tree in a pot
Caring for a Christmas tree in a pot

Further care of the tree

Ate are demanding on soil moisture, poorly tolerate its dryness. Watering young plants in hot dry summers is required, it is carried out once a week, 10-12 liters per plant. Ate requires deep, drained soils, so loosening is necessary for young plantings, but shallow: 5-7 cm.

Most types of spruce cannot stand trampling and compaction of the soil, as well as near groundwater! It is desirable to mulch with peat with a layer of 5-6 cm, after overwintering the peat is not removed, but mixed with the ground. Regular plucking of dominant shoots and shortening of lateral shoots at the time of growth is recommended.

Types of Christmas trees

In total, forty-five species of spruce grow on the globe, mainly in the cold regions of the northern hemisphere. Half are in Western and Central China and North America. Of the 150 known decorative forms, about a hundred have been introduced into Russian conditions. In addition to fir trees, pine, fir and other conifers are used as New Year's trees. Let's take a closer look at some of them.

Norway spruce, or European spruce (Picea abies)

Everyone is familiar with the tree, familiar in the middle lane. It can reach a height of 50 meters and live up to 300 years. If you want to transplant the spruce from the forest to the garden, then keep in mind: it prefers well-drained acidic, sandy loam and loamy soils. Does not tolerate stagnant water, soil salinization, prolonged drought.

Norway spruce, or European spruce (Picea abies)
Norway spruce, or European spruce (Picea abies)

In the garden, it is better to use decorative forms of ordinary spruce:

  • 'Compacta' - the height and width of its crown are the same - 1.5-2 meters (sometimes up to 6 meters).
  • 'Echiniformis' - the dwarf form reaches a height of only 20 cm with a width of 40 cm.The color of the needles is from yellow-green to gray-green, and the crown is pillow-shaped
  • 'Nidiformis' is a dwarf form with an unusual crown shape - it resembles a nest, since the branches on the trunk grow bell-shaped and fan-shaped.

Gray spruce, also Canadian spruce, or white spruce (Picea glauca)

It is also called white spruce or gray spruce. The color of its needles is more gray than that of our common spruce, and the bark is ash-gray. This is a tall tree up to 20-30 meters in height. The crown is dense, conical. The branches of young plants are directed obliquely upwards, and in old trees they are lowered. Canadian spruce is undemanding to soils, winter-hardy and rather drought-resistant. Lives 300-500 years.

Gray spruce, also Canadian spruce, or white spruce (Picea glauca)
Gray spruce, also Canadian spruce, or white spruce (Picea glauca)

About twenty ornamental forms of the Canadian spruce are known. The most popular ones are:

  • 'Conica' - dwarf, form up to 1.5 meters high. It is especially recommended to grow in containers on rooftops, terraces and balconies, as well as on rocky hills and in group plantings.
  • 'Alberta Blue' - a spectacular form of blue
  • 'Echiniformis' - mini-form up to 0.5 meters high. Especially good in heather and rocky gardens.

Blue spruce, or prickly spruce (Picea pungens)

Among the numerous representatives of the genus, it stands out for its harmony and beauty, undemanding to growing conditions, frost resistance and resistance to air pollution, surpassing many brothers in this indicator. In nature, it occurs singly or in small groups along rivers, along the northern slopes of the mountains of western North America.

Blue spruce, or prickly spruce (Picea pungens)
Blue spruce, or prickly spruce (Picea pungens)

Decorative at any time of the year. The most valuable evergreen tree up to 25 m, and in nature up to 45 m in height, lives up to 100 years. The crown is pyramidal. The branches form regular dense tiers, horizontal or hanging at different angles. Specimens are especially beautiful, in which the branches are evenly spaced in regular tiers around the trunk from the ground to the top. The needles are prickly, their color varies from green to light blue, silvery.

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)

The tree is up to 20-40 m tall, in youth with a conical and wide rounded crown, in old age - umbrella-shaped. The bark on the trunks is reddish-brown, deeply grooved. The needles are bluish-green, somewhat curved, dense, protruding, 4-7 cm long, in a bunch of 2 needles. Cones are single or 2-3 on the legs bent down. Seeds - winged nuts, ripen in the second year.

It is very photophilous, undemanding to soil fertility, but it does not tolerate soil compaction, it is sensitive to air pollution. Growing fast. Winter hardiness. Considering these features, it is recommended for landscaping suburban medical institutions, country parks and forest parks both in clean and mixed plantings, in massifs, in groups, singly.

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Widespread in culture. Abroad it is used for landscaping streets, roofs, balconies. It is also promising for our country. It is recommended to plant in groups or singly.

Fir (Abies)

The fir has a slender, mostly narrow, clearly outlined crown cone and dark, shiny green needles with white stripes of stomata on the underside of the needles - all this gives the appearance of fir splendor and splendor. These qualities are further enhanced by the ability of fir to keep the lower branches for a long time. They have long been used in landscape gardening. However, in the city, with the exception of some species, firs suffer from air pollution.

They look great in group and alley plantings in combination with white birches, maples, velvet and various shrubs. Good for creating live walls without clipping. Due to its long-lasting needles, fir branches are widely used in floristry. However, they are not suitable as a winter shelter for other plants, since in the spring there are so many needles on the branches that neither light nor air reaches the plants through it.

Fraser fir (Abies fraseri)
Fraser fir (Abies fraseri)

Fir goes well with other large trees (spruce, pine, larch, pseudo-slug). Low-growing varieties are planted with other low conifers and ground cover perennials.

Nordman Fir (Nordmann), also Caucasian Fir, or Danish Spruce (Abies nordmanniana)

She is also a Danish Christmas tree (Danish Christmas trees), has the correct shape, a beautiful green color and is the most coveted Christmas tree in Europe.

These Christmas trees have a regular, conical crown that starts right from the base of the trunk. The soft, flat needles of the Christmas tree reach 4 cm in length and have two white stripes at the bottom and top, which give it a silvery hue.

Nordman's fir, or Danish spruce (Abies nordmanniana)
Nordman's fir, or Danish spruce (Abies nordmanniana)

The Danish tree, with proper care, retains the needles for a long time. These spruce trees grow along the entire northern coast of Europe, respectively, and the climate of Denmark is ideal for them, therefore, it is here that the highest quality New Year trees for the whole of Europe have been grown for two hundred years.

To prolong your New Year's mood, you should follow some simple advice and the tree will grow for you for a long time! We wish you success!

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