All About Peperomia. Home Care. Photo

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All About Peperomia. Home Care. Photo
All About Peperomia. Home Care. Photo

Video: All About Peperomia. Home Care. Photo

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Video: 111 Rare Kinds of PEPEROMIA Plants || PEPEROMIA IDENTIFICATION || Different Varieties of PEPEROMIA 2023, January
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Peperomia is a popular houseplant among flower growers. About 1,100 species are known that migrated to our windowsills from the forests of South America. Different types of peperomia have different characteristics. The height of the plants varies from 15 to 50 cm. Ampelny plants can reach a length of about 50 centimeters. Shrub - form shoots up to 30 centimeters. The leaves of different types of peperomia are extremely diverse. The color is light and dark green, golden, brown, silver-striped, with white or yellow spots, stains.

Peperomia ferreira
Peperomia ferreira

Content:

  • General information on peperomia
  • Home care for peperomia
  • Soil and transplant of peperomia
  • Reproduction methods of peperomia
  • Companion plants of peperomia
  • Interesting features of peperomia

General information on peperomia

Peperomias are quite shade-loving and difficult to maintain plants, but for the sake of the fascinating decorativeness of the leaves, it is worth making an effort. The difficulty of caring for peperomia lies in maintaining a presentable appearance for a long time. It is not easy to comply with all the recommended keeping conditions in which the plant will develop fully and maintain its unique appearance.

When buying peperomia, choose specimens with bright, rich, colored foliage patterns. Make sure the stems and leaves are intact and there is no rot at the base of the bush. Peperomia leaves should not be damaged, be lethargic and dull. This indicates a lack of moisture and inappropriate growing conditions. Such a specimen is unlikely to survive at home.

Peperomia blooms in summer. Elongated, upright ears with small white flowers are formed. The inflorescences are not of great decorative value, they are odorless. To preserve the rich crown of the plant, flower stalks are best removed at the stage of formation, so that peperomia does not waste energy on flowering. If you leave the flowers, then after flowering the bush becomes less dense, begins to shed its leaves and lose some of the stems.

Peperomia dolabformis
Peperomia dolabformis
Peperomia Fraser
Peperomia Fraser
Peperomia macrothyrsa
Peperomia macrothyrsa

Home care for peperomia

Peperomia does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil. In the summer it is necessary to water as it dries, and in the winter months, once every 10-25 days. Warm, soft water is best for watering. Since the leaves of peperomia have their own supply of liquid, then, like succulents, the plant is able to stay in dry soil for a short period.

It should be noted that this applies only to those species that have dense leaves. For peperomia species that are not characterized by a fleshy leaf texture, complete drying of the soil in a pot is highly undesirable. Avoid stagnant water in the plant pot. This threatens the death of the root system, and then the entire bush.

Peperomia does not like direct sun exposure, as it grows in nature in shaded places. Also, do not grow peperomia in low light conditions. In this case, the shoots will reach for the light source and have leaves that are rarely located on the stem, which gives the plant a very unsightly appearance. Diffused lighting is best. East and south windows are categorically contraindicated for the maintenance of this type of indoor flowers.

The optimum temperature for the maintenance of peperomia in winter will be + 15..18 ° C. The maximum permissible temperature in summer is +25 ° C. In hot conditions, the leaves of peperomia begin to wilt. In this case, do not allow the soil to become waterlogged. Spray the plant over the leaves to compensate for the lack of moisture.

Peperomia blunt-leaved
Peperomia blunt-leaved

Soil and transplant of peperomia

Peperomia should be replanted in the spring. At this time, growth is activated and the plant noticeably increases in size. Don't choose too large pots. Use miniature shallow bowls. When planted in an overly spacious pot, the peperomia may hurt and not retain the proper decorative appearance. The base of the stem should not be deepened too deep. Better to leave it above the soil surface.

The soil for growing peperomia should be loose and nutritious. A mixture of humus, sand and peat is great for this plant. Heavy soil prevents oxygen from reaching the roots, which can lead to the death of the bush.

Mountain peperomia
Mountain peperomia
Peperomia by Wolfgang Crane
Peperomia by Wolfgang Crane
Peperomia Hutchison
Peperomia Hutchison

Reproduction methods of peperomia

An effective way to propagate peperomias is by cuttings. Pinch off the top of the plant and root the cutting using Kornevin for the fastest root formation. It is best to use a greenhouse container for growing. This will help maintain constant moisture and prevent the soil from drying out. When the shoot has developed roots and begins to grow, it should be transplanted into a separate small pot. You can try to root peperomia leaves. This applies to species that have a dense texture.

In addition, when trimming the crown of the plant, lateral shoots begin to actively develop, which contributes to the formation of a dense bush. Peperomia needs artificial formation of the bush. Sometimes its individual shoots grow too long, while others are significantly behind in growth.

When the plant reaches a sufficiently large size, then during transplantation it can be divided into several parts.

Growing peperomia from seeds at home is almost impossible. This is due to the fact that many species have such microscopic seeds that it is quite problematic to create conditions for their germination.

Peperomia shriveled
Peperomia shriveled

Companion plants of peperomia

Ivy, dracaena, philodendron and heder are excellent neighbors for peperomia. It looks great in mixed plantings with plants that require the same conditions.

Peperomia asperula
Peperomia asperula
Peperomia fragrant
Peperomia fragrant
Peperomia nivalis
Peperomia nivalis

Interesting features of peperomia

Many plants have different health benefits. Peperomia is able to smooth out the conflicting disposition of the owner. This plant is definitely recommended to have for those who cannot find a common language with loved ones, who constantly enter into disputes and conflicts.

For people who constantly complain that things are not going well in their life, peperomia will help increase their self-esteem and tune in to a positive mood. The plant contributes to the establishment of a friendly atmosphere in any team or family.

Various forms and colors of the leaf, type of crown and sizes allow the use of peperomia in floristry. Creeping plants have small, ribbed leaves that look great in flower arrangements. Large-leaved and variegated species perfectly decorate the interior of any room. The unusual appearance of the Shriveled and Silver Peperomia leaves attracts the attention of flower growers with its exclusivity and originality.

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