Video: Wonderful Oleander. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo
Oleanders are now often sold in flower shops. This is one of the oldest ornamental plants. It has a flexible stem, leaves are narrow, lanceolate, leathery, reminiscent of willow leaves. Flowers are simple and double, large, collected in a brush. The color is most often pink, white, cream, red. Bloom lasts from June to October. By the way, the name of the plant comes from the words "oleo" - fragrant and "Andre" - the name of one of the Greek islands. However, do not forget that oleander is a large-sized plant, that is, if you do not limit its growth, it can reach considerable sizes (up to 1.5 m and above). Therefore, it is perfect for growing in large rooms with high ceilings, shops, halls, offices, greenhouses.
The homeland of this plant is the Mediterranean countries. Therefore, in room conditions, it prefers bright sunny places. This is one of the few plants that won't mind bright sunlight and southerly windows. In summer it is taken out into the fresh air, and in winter it is placed in a bright cool room with a temperature of 8-12 degrees. Loves airing.
The plant requires regular, abundant watering, especially in spring and summer. In winter, watering is moderate. Oleander does not react well to hard water, so it must be soft and settled. Spraying is useful if the plant stands in rooms near heating appliances.
In spring and summer every two weeks, oleander should be fed with mineral fertilizer. In hot weather, it can be placed in a gravel pan filled with water. The bush is transplanted annually in early spring, before flowering. From the age of 5, they do it less often - once every 2-3 years. An adult plant will need a flowerpot with a volume of at least 10-15 liters. The soil mixture can be prepared from turf, leaf, humus soil and soil (4: 2: 2: 1). When transplanting, old roots are greatly shortened, the cuts are sprinkled with crushed charcoal.
Если хотите любоваться цветами олеандра ежегодно, помните, что цветет он только на однолетних побегах, поэтому его необходимо ежегодно обрезать. Для этого после цветения все побеги срезают наполовину, чтобы стимулировать рост боковых. Обрезанные веточки можно использовать для укоренения. Из-за отсутствия или слабой обрезки растение может вообще не зацвести. Не ждите цветения и при недостаточной освещенности куста или нехватке влаги.
Unfortunately, pests such as scale insects and spider mites can attack the plant. At one time we did not notice the scale insect, and a large oleander bush disappeared from us. The body of this insect is covered with a hard shield, and sticky secretions on the leaf signal its appearance on the plant. At the first signs of a pest, wipe the leaves with a piece of bandage or cotton wool dipped in tobacco or soap solution, alcohol or kerosene. If the damage is severe, treat the plant with an insecticide. When a red spider mite is infected, the affected leaves are destroyed and the bush is treated with actelik or other insecticide. It is helpful to shower the plant from time to time.
Propagating oleander is easy. To do this, in spring or summer, it is necessary to root the apical stalk in the soil in a mini-greenhouse or in a water bottle. The neck of the bottle can be covered with plasticine or covered with paper. Add a piece of charcoal to the water to prevent rotting. The roots will appear in about a month.
It is not difficult to propagate oleander from seeds. To do this, in January-February, it is sown in a moist substrate, slightly crumbling from above with soil. Cover with glass and keep moist. At a temperature of 23-25 degrees, seedlings will appear in 12-15 days. Remember only that the seeds quickly lose their germination.
It is important not to forget that oleander is a poisonous plant. It is better to work with it with gloves, being careful not to get its juice in the eyes or on the skin, as this can cause irritation and rashes. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling. Where there are children or pets, oleander is propagated very carefully.