Indoor Muscari Are Spring Primroses In The Interior. Home Care. Photo

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Indoor Muscari Are Spring Primroses In The Interior. Home Care. Photo
Indoor Muscari Are Spring Primroses In The Interior. Home Care. Photo

Video: Indoor Muscari Are Spring Primroses In The Interior. Home Care. Photo

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Video: How To Make Primroses Bloom Longer When Grown Indoors 🌿 Balconia Garden 2023, January
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Touching, as if growing by themselves, dazzling blue mouse hyacinths, or muscari in gardens, are considered almost an obligatory plant. They are so easy to grow that the question of transferring your favorite spring small-bulbous plants to pots was only a matter of time. Especially with the advent of new spectacular varieties with original colors. In a portable format, Muscari look exquisite, bright and touching stars. They don't seem tiny at all. To get the same flowering from indoor muscari as garden plants, you will have to distill them and monitor the temperature. But there is nothing difficult in growing indoor muscari.

Indoor muscari - spring primroses in the interior
Indoor muscari - spring primroses in the interior

Content:

  • Muscari in a new pot format
  • Types of indoor muscari
  • Conditions for growing indoor muscari
  • Muscari home care
  • Diseases, pests and problems in growing
  • Reproduction of muscari

Muscari in a new pot format

One of the most common garden plants from the bulbous category got its name not by chance. From Greek, the name of this amazing plant means "muse", and it perfectly matches the spring charm of these plants. But the botanical name Muscari is used no more often than the popular popular nicknames. Viper onion, mouse hyacinth, lambs - as soon as this plant is not called around the world. Muscari is easily recognized and considered a rustic plant. But this simplicity is the secret of both its popularity and irresistible charm.

In nature, muscari are found almost throughout Eurasia and in northern Africa. Wild muscari form entire colonies in Central Europe.

Muscari (Muscari) belong to the number of small bulbous plants. The diameter of ovate bulbs in adult plants ranges from 1 to 2 cm, they are covered with light scales and outwardly resemble garlic a little. Plants are compact, even miniature, but if in gardens they look almost sloppy, then in pots they reveal all their grace and density of their leaves.

The leaves are narrow, thin, linear, numerous, with a bright rather than dark color, which contrasts nicely with the rest of the spring competitors. Peduncles up to 15 cm high are crowned with cylindrical or conical inflorescences, not very dense, but strikingly strict in structure. In the inflorescence, on thin and rather long pedicels, there are from 30 to 50 flowers, the shape of which partially resembles elongated lilies of the valley - with an almost cylindrical corolla, finely toothed edge, bell-shaped, muscari flowers are very beautiful. Flowers in the inflorescence bloom from bottom to top gradually.

It is one of the most fragrant bulbous. The sweet honey smell of muscari is difficult to pick up in an open space, but in indoor muscari it is very strong.

Muscari colors traditionally include only two color options - ultramarine and violet-dark, most often with a white border around the edge of the corolla, which is noticeable only upon very close examination. Active selection has resulted in varieties with pink, white and cream colors, not to mention all shades of blue. It was the varietal muscari that became the stars of not so much garden as indoor culture.

Muscari bloom for a maximum of 2 weeks. After a cold cessation of growth, they bloom in exactly 2 weeks and are the most predictable indoor bulbous.

Active selection has led to the emergence of muscari varieties with pink, white and cream color
Active selection has led to the emergence of muscari varieties with pink, white and cream color

Types of indoor muscari

Only two types of muscari and their charming varieties are used for growing in a pot form.

Fragrant Muscari (Muscari racemosum) is a medium-sized, very beautiful species that conquers with arcuate, numerous, narrow semi-cylindrical leaves and medium-sized cylindrical inflorescences with dark ultramarine flowers. It is the most fragrant species, although its aroma is not as intrusive as some garden species.

Muscari ordinary (Muscari botryoides) differs from the previous species in linear, flat and erect leaves with a darker color. This is a non-aromatic species, with a maximum height of peduncles up to 12 cm. It differs in much greater variability of color, including both purple and white, and in modern hybrids - and pink variants.

Muscari are traditionally sold as sets of bulbs - one variety or a mixture of varieties. For indoor culture, you can select varieties by color, size, leaf width. The most popular plant varieties include:

  • blue-colored variety "Flight of Fantasy",
  • pale blue " Peppermint candy",
  • snow-white "Alba",
  • pink "Pink Dawn",
  • whitish blue "Valeria",
  • pale sky blue variety "Florida",
  • watercolor variety, with a transition from pale blue at the top flowers to the dark blue bottom of the inflorescences "Magic Ocean",
  • ultramarine variety "Paradox",
  • golden "Golden fragrant".
Fragrant Muscari (Muscari racemosum)
Fragrant Muscari (Muscari racemosum)
Muscari ordinary (Muscari botryoides)
Muscari ordinary (Muscari botryoides)

Conditions for growing indoor muscari

Mouse hyacinths are not the best choice for getting started with indoor bulbs. They are not in the full sense houseplants, but amenable to forcing for a bright seasonal show. They need typical growing conditions, some differences in temperature regimes and a strict need to adhere to deadlines for forcing, taking into account all this, they are more suitable for experienced growers.

Lighting and placement

Muscari needs bright lighting. Even on sunny windowsills, the plant does not suffer from direct sunlight, but diffused light is quite suitable for it. Usually this plant is placed on eastern and western windowsills. Inside the interior, muscari are moved only in rooms with bright natural light, placing them near the southern windows.

If muscari is driven out at atypical times, then the duration of daylight hours and the intensity of lighting are provided with additional supplemental lighting.

Muscari is introduced into the interior as a unique seasonal accent. This plant can be an amazing touch to the winter holidays or the main star of a spring show. When placing a muscari, you should treat it like a living bouquet in pots.

Temperature regime and ventilation

It is quite difficult for muscari to find the right conditions. This culture requires changing three different temperature regimes - from warm to cool, then to cold and back to warm. While two different periods are enough for the rest of the indoor bulbous, then for muscari the distillation scheme is a little more complicated.

During the period of active development, muscari will prefer moderate room temperatures. The plant does not tolerate heat very well and blooms for the longest at temperatures from 16 to 18 degrees.

Muscari need to be kept cool after planting. Before the bulbs sprout, a rather long rooting period follows, during which the plants are kept at a temperature of 13 to 15 degrees Celsius. In such conditions, the muscari is left until the new sprouts reach a height of 33 cm. The sprouted bulbs are taken out into the cold for 3 or 4 days, in a room with a temperature of 5 to 8 degrees. And only after that they are transferred back to room conditions.

Muscari doesn't like stagnant air. Rooms with plants need to be ventilated frequently. During flowering, delicate plants are protected from strong drafts.

Muscari is introduced into the interior as a seasonal accent
Muscari is introduced into the interior as a seasonal accent

Muscari home care

Muscari is a typical indoor bulbous with its own whims. This plant appears in the house for a short period, so it does not need to be fed. In fact, the only thing worth taking care of is gentle watering.

Watering and air humidity

The muscari is watered gently. The entire period of keeping warm, the plant needs frequent, but not too abundant watering, between which the upper layer of the substrate dries out. When kept cool, muscari is transferred to very light watering. In the cold, the plant is not watered. Muscari should be watered gently, without soaking the base of the leaves. This bulbous plant only tolerates soft water.

Watering with warm water will stimulate flowering. Enough water with a temperature of about 30 degrees for the muscari to bloom 3-4 days earlier.

If the air temperatures are far from the maximum 18 degrees, the plants are in the heat, then the higher the air humidity, the longer the indoor muscari will bloom. For a plant, they usually choose the option of placing pallets with wet pebbles or placing them next to another home analogue of humidifiers. When kept in the optimal temperature regime and during the forcing period, high humidity is dangerous for this bulbous.

Top dressing and composition of fertilizers

Indoor muscari need not be fed. Their growing season is short, the plant blooms for only up to two weeks, so there is no need to take care of regular feeding. If you want to enhance flowering, you can feed the plants at the budding stage once with a full portion of fertilizers for flowering crops or bulbs.

Transplant and substrate

Muscari do not need an annual transplant only in garden culture. Planting in pots is carried out before the start of its cool dormant period. The traditional planting time for flowering in mid-winter or early spring is September. By shifting the timing, you can achieve other flowering dates.

Usually, garden plants are transferred to pots or new bulbs are purchased. Do not use small plants for growing in pots, trying to select the largest, strongest and healthiest bulbs. Small bulbs are grown in the open field until reaching the optimum size. If there is a need to preserve the muscari before planting, then the plants are kept in a cool room with a temperature of about 15 degrees, protected from light.

For this, plants use only special soil mixtures for bulbous. A light, loose and nutritious substrate is suitable for muscari. When self-mixing, the soil is combined in equal parts of humus, leafy, soddy soils, adding coarse sand for looseness.

Muscari is never grown one bulb at a time. The minimum group size for small pots is 5-7 bulbs. The larger the group, the better. For these plants, it is worth taking care of additional decoration of the pots (for example, using double containers, external baskets or braids, funny ceramic vessels) or choosing the most beautiful planters.

Before planting, it is advisable to pickle the bulbs in a solution of fungicides or a simple weak solution of potassium permanganate. After flowering, indoor muscari should be transplanted into open soil. For the next season, you need to either dig up or purchase new bulbs. Re-distillation is possible in 2-3 years. The beauty of plants can be emphasized with light decorative mulch on the soil (it should not obstruct the access of air).

Indoor muscari have problems only with improper care
Indoor muscari have problems only with improper care

Diseases, pests and problems in growing

Indoor muscari have problems only with improper care. Plants do not tolerate dampness, waterlogging, soaking greens that cause decay. Indoor pests usually do not annoy muscari (they simply do not have time). If the bulbs are affected by diseases, they are simply thrown away and not used for planting.

Reproduction of muscari

Indoor muscari propagate only vegetatively, separating and growing daughter bulbs. As an experiment, you can grow muscari from seeds, leaving some of the plants in a pot culture to assess varietal qualities. Seeds quickly lose their germination, they are sown in a light soil mixture to a depth of about 1 cm. Plants are grown with light moisture until small bulbs are formed. Then they begin to grow in loose groups, but it is better to immediately transfer the plants to open ground and wait for the formation of large bulbs.

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