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Video: Muscari. Mouse Hyacinth. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Agrotechnics. Decorative Flowering. Garden Plants. Bulbous. Flowers. A Photo
As soon as the snow melts, the first-born flowers are already appearing in the garden, and among them are tender muscari reminiscent of miniature hyacinths. They are also called mouse hyacinths.
The genus Muscari has about 50 species. Plant height ranges from 10 to 20, and sometimes up to 30 cm. Flowering lasts 7-10 days. Muscari flower stalks are crowned with small inflorescences, consisting of small bells. The flowers are most often blue in color, but there are purple, white, purple and even pale yellow. Some species have a pungent odor. Muscari leaves are narrow, linear, appear before flowers. On the basis of some species, a number of varieties have been created.
In Turkey, muscari are called "musi-rumi", which means "you will get everything that I can only give you."
Muscari can be placed in any corner of the garden and even under fruit trees: they bloom in spring, and they are not afraid of the light shadow of the foliage appearing on the trees. When the crowns of the trees turn green, the muscari will already fade. And since they do not like thick shade, they should not be planted under evergreen trees and shrubs.
These plants look good in rockeries, along paths, in group dense plantings. They are also planted in open areas, which are later used as a lawn. However, it is not trimmed until after the muscari leaves are dead.
Muscari belong to the class of ephemeroids, or short-flowering. After flowering, annual flowering plants can be planted in their place. Muscari can be planted near peonies and even in their roots, thus compacting the planting of flower crops.
The agricultural technology of this culture is simple. Landing - in the fall until the end of October. Daughter bulbs are planted in groups immediately after digging, as well as by dividing the nests of bulbs and seeds, which are formed after flowering in fruits - globular capsules. Individual bulbs are planted to a depth of 7-8 cm, at a distance of 4 to 10 cm from each other.
The soil for planting should be loose, loamy, but in no case heavy, clay or peaty. Before planting, humus is added for digging at the rate of 5 kg per 1 m2. In the spring, complete mineral fertilizer is applied over the snow.
Muscari are unpretentious plants that grow well on any drained, not too moist soil and do not tolerate getting wet, they require moisture only at the beginning of growth. After flowering, they prepare for rest - a dormant period that lasts throughout the summer. During this period, moisture is harmful to them.
On fertile soil, the bulbs are larger and the plants bloom better. Muscari give a large growth and do not require digging for many years until their bush grows. Overgrown muscari are divided no more than once every 3 years, from August to October. Shelter for the winter only in the first year of planting.