Murraya Is The Tree Of The Japanese Emperors. Description, Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Photo

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Murraya Is The Tree Of The Japanese Emperors. Description, Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Photo
Murraya Is The Tree Of The Japanese Emperors. Description, Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Photo
Video: Murraya Is The Tree Of The Japanese Emperors. Description, Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Photo
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A short legend introduces us to the world of wonders and wonderful mysterious plants:

Murraya is an evergreen low tree (3-6 m) or a shrub of the Rutaceae family. Indoors, it is extremely rare, although it is worthy of attention especially for exotic lovers. Real murraya, unsurpassed in beauty, does not require special crown formation, blooms from the first months of life almost all year round. Murray plants have an amazing feature. With the appearance of buds and the beginning of flowering, the growth of shoots immediately stops. The flowering wave has passed, the growth and branching of new stems are resumed until the next bud formation. Therefore, cropping is not necessary for murray. She forms her crown independently.

Murraya paniculata flowers
Murraya paniculata flowers

As a medicinal plant, Murraya has been known since the ancient Japanese dynasties. Medicinal infusions and decoctions, the use of ripe fruits were intended only for the powerful, and attempts to grow a tree on their own always ended in cutting off the head. Maybe this cruelty has limited the use of the natural "elixir of life" by ordinary mortals. It is believed that taking 2-3 murraya berries per day causes an explosion of intelligence and hidden abilities of a person. Natural aphrodisiac not only enhances sex drive, but also increases male strength. Decoctions from the leaves have found the widest application in folk medicine.

Content:

  • Murraya types
  • The healing properties of murraya
  • The use of murraya in landscaping
  • Features of caring for murraya at home
  • Reproduction and transplantation
  • Crown formation
  • Why doesn't Murraya bloom?
  • Protection of murraya from pests and diseases

Murraya types

Murraya belongs to tropical plants. Its distribution area occupies the regions of South and Southeast Asia, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Polynesian Islands. In the system of the plant world order, it belongs to the Rutaceae family, where the Murraya (Murraya) is distinguished as a separate genus. The genus has about 8 species, the most famous are Koeniga Murraya and Paniculata Murraya.

Murraya Koeniga

Murraya Koeniga is better known as black murraya, common in tropical and subtropical regions of India and Sri Lanka. The tree is 3-6 m in height with long compound-pinnate leaves. Leaves in a compound leaf are arranged in pairs (11-20 pairs) along the cutting. König murraya is characterized by elongated leaf blades of compound leaves. The flowers are small, light cream or white, have a rich, but pleasant aroma. The fruit is a black or dark blue berry. The fruits are edible and the seeds are poisonous.

Murraya Koenig, or curry tree (Murraya koenigii)
Murraya Koenig, or curry tree (Murraya koenigii)

Application

  • The leaves have a fragrant aroma and are part of the spicy curry used in almost all dinner dishes to increase appetite in the hot, humid regions of her main residence. Fresh leaves are added to all dishes, giving them a specific delicate aroma.
  • By the method of steam distillation, oil is obtained from the leaves of black murraya, which is used as a perfume in the production of soap.
  • Solid, durable wood was previously used to make agricultural crafts and tools.
  • The leaves are widely used in Ayurvedic and traditional medicine in South Asia, as a medicinal herb with anti-cancer and anti-diabetic properties. Decoctions are also prepared from the leaves for the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract and some skin diseases.

Murraya paniculata

In room culture, paniculata Murraya (Mogra) is mainly widespread. It has many synonyms: exotic murraya, orange jasmine, orange jasmine, Japanese myrtle. Since mogra blooms almost constantly, in India it is used for jewelry and offering live necklaces. During marriage ceremonies, women decorate their hair with Mogra flowers, it is used to decorate temples and sanctuaries, during various holidays and festivals. The sweet scent of flowers is used instead of perfume.

Murraya paniculata, or Murraya foreign (Murraya paniculata)
Murraya paniculata, or Murraya foreign (Murraya paniculata)

Murraya paniculata is a tub culture for closed premises up to 0.7-1.5 m in height. It is formed as a bush, tree or bonsai. The trunk and perennial branches are embossed, marbled white. The leaves are dark green, shiny, small in size in bright light, cast in gold and wonderfully set off the snow-white flowers, single or in the apical corymbose inflorescences. It blooms almost all year round, sometimes with a 2-3 month (November-January) break. The flowers have a wonderful scent. Even one flower fills the room with a lemon-jasmine (closer to jasmine) scent that does not cause allergic headaches.

Differs in very early flowering, which occurs 2-4 months after germination. If during this period the plant did not form a single bud, then a false murray was purchased. Fruits are bright red 1.5-3.0 cm, with an edible pericarp, do not fall off for a long time, have a strong tonic property.

Genghis Khan and Alexander the Great took a drink or ate a few fruits before decisive battles. The warriors of Genghis Khan, to raise their spirits on long campaigns, took with them the fruits of the murray, calling it foreign.

The healing properties of murraya

Decoctions and infusions of leaves, flowers and fruits of murraya are used in the treatment of diabetes, thyroid gland, impotence, coronary heart disease, hypertension and other diseases, as well as in perfumery in East Asia. The complex aroma of flowers has a positive effect on the work of the heart, improves sleep, and reduces the frequency of angina attacks. Fruits reduce blood pressure, raise tone and immunity.

The use of murraya in landscaping

The plant of amazing beauty can be used in the arrangement of party halls, in the decor of the interiors of apartments, official institutions, offices, winter gardens and other premises. As a result of the mutation, a dwarf form of Murraya paniculata was formed. The height of the plant when grown at home does not exceed 0.5 m. The slow-growing shrub blooms during the first six months of its life, barely reaching 4-5 cm in height.

Features of caring for murraya at home

Relation to lighting and air temperature

The purchased plant is gradually accustomed to new living conditions, especially to light, moisture, ambient temperature. When placed on brightly lit window sills, be sure to shade from direct sunlight. If there is not enough natural light, you can supplement the plant. Supplementary lighting is carried out with phytolamps up to 12-14 hours a day). In summer, Murraya thrives outdoors without direct exposure to the sun.

Please note! In low light, the plants bloom poorly, and in very bright light they get sunburn and react to them by dropping leaves and dropping buds and flowers.

Murraya belongs to heat lovers, but does not tolerate excessive heat. The optimum indoor temperature in summer is + 24… + 25 ºС, and in winter it is not lower than + 17… + 18 ºС. Sudden changes in air temperature and drafts are undesirable. The plant begins to ache.

Murray Koenig Flowers
Murray Koenig Flowers

Soil conditions requirement

Like most tropical plants, Murray grows well on slightly acidic, light water and air permeable soils. For planting and transplanting, you can buy a ready-made soil substrate or make it yourself from a mixture of leafy, sod, humus earth and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1, and be sure to add a soil baking powder vermiculite or coconut fiber under the young plant. The soil mixture can be of a different composition, but it must be slightly acidic. In neutral and weakly alkaline soil, the plant easily develops chlorosis.

Fertilization and feeding

Murraya needs complete mineral and organic fertilization. Together with watering once a month, ready-made complex fertilizers with microelements are applied under the plants in accordance with the recommendations. With a lack of trace elements, chlorosis develops, which is expressed in the blanching of leaves, loss of turgor and abscission. In the top dressing you need to add micronutrient fertilizer "Orton Micro-Fe", containing a chelated form of iron. Organic fertilizers are preliminarily diluted with settled water in a ratio of 1:15 (manure) or 1:30 (bird droppings) and alternate their application with mineral fertilizers.

Watering and humidity

Murraya is demanding on air humidity. If the air is too dry, it stops growing, so low wide containers with water are placed near it and sprayed 2-3 times a week through a fine spray bottle.

During the growing season, the murraya needs abundant watering without stagnant water in the pan. The next watering is carried out when the top 3-5 cm of the soil layer dries up. The water should be at room temperature and free of chlorine. It is better to soften the water before watering by acidifying with lemon or vinegar water (just a few drops per liter of water). In waterlogged soil, rotting of the root collar rapidly develops and the plant dies.

Murraya paniculata fruits
Murraya paniculata fruits

Reproduction and transplantation

At home, Murraya paniculata successfully propagates by seeds. Since the seeds quickly lose their germination, they are sown immediately after harvesting the fruits. Plant 1-2 seeds in a 100 gram plastic cup with a light nutritious soil mixture. After sowing, the glass is covered with a transparent cap, the temperature is maintained at + 22- + 25 * C. The substrate is watered during planting and then only maintain moisture.

Shoots appear in 10-15 days. The grown seedlings are transplanted into larger pots or cups. Murraya paniculata can still propagate by cuttings, but rooting is long and difficult with a large percentage of waste. Unlike Murraya paniculata, adult plants of Koenig Murraya develop root shoots that can be used for vegetative propagation.

Up to 5 years of age, murraya is transplanted annually in the spring. When transplanting, the capacity is increased in diameter by 1-2 cm. When transplanting, the root collar must not be buried. Adult plants are transplanted once every 2-3 years using the transshipment method. When transplanting, the root is gently shaken off of the old soil mixture, trying not to damage it, it is straightened over the soil tubercle poured onto the drainage. Top up with a new substrate, slightly compacted and watered. Please note! Murraya cannot be overfeeded, so start feeding in 1.0-1.5 months from the day of planting. In the tub culture, murrayas only replace the top 5-12 cm layer of the soil mixture with a new one.

Crown formation

Crown formation in all plants, including murraya, is achieved by pruning and pinching. The exception is the dwarf form of Murraya paniculata, which from birth forms its own aerial mass on its own.

In order to give the murraya bush a more luxuriant desired shape, enhance its branching or limit growth, in the spring at the beginning of the growing season, pinching of each branch is carried out. If desired, bonsai can be formed from murraya. Bonsai crown pruning should be done according to the recommended guidelines.

Murraya Koeniga
Murraya Koeniga

Why doesn't Murraya bloom?

As can be seen from the requirements of the murraya for the conditions of life support, the plants do not require special conditions. But there is one peculiarity. For them to bloom and form fruits, sufficient air humidity is necessary. Murraya flowers in the open state last 1-2 days. For the appearance of new ones, high humidity is needed. In dry air, pollen is sterile

Protection of murraya from pests and diseases

Murraya is susceptible to damage by common indoor pests: aphids, whiteflies, spider mites, scale insects and others. In room culture, it is forbidden to protect plants from pests and diseases with chemicals, due to harm to health. Therefore, young plants are relieved of aphids with a warm shower, having previously covered the substrate in the pot with a film. The shield can be removed manually with tweezers. It is more practical to treat adult plants with biological products that are harmless to humans and animals. According to the recommendations, infected plants can be sprayed with Fitoverm or Entobacterin biological products. In case of signs of a disease (dropping of buds, leaves, general wilting), plants can be sprayed with biopreparations "Fitosporin", "Iskra-Bio" and others.

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