Daisies Are A Pearl Necklace. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Types, Photos

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Daisies Are A Pearl Necklace. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Types, Photos
Daisies Are A Pearl Necklace. Cultivation, Care, Reproduction. Types, Photos

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Shakespeare spoke of the daisy in the most gentle terms: "Her white robe depicts naivety." Another famous poet, Montgomery, wrote: "… the rose reigns only one summer, and the daisy never dies." Indeed, in the damp, but rather warm climate of England, the daisy can be seen in bloom almost all year round. In the Middle Ages, knights who received consent to marriage from their loved ones minted blooming daisies on a steel shield. Louis IX, in honor of his wife Marguerite, ordered to capture this flower along with lilies on the state flag.

Daisies - pearl necklace
Daisies - pearl necklace

Content:

  • Daisy description
  • Features of growing daisies
  • Daisy breeding
  • The use of daisies in landscaping
  • Types of daisies

Daisy description

In one of the legends about the origin of daisies on earth, it is said that a rich old man fell in love with a very beautiful girl. He pursued her everywhere and gave rich gifts to her parents. But the girl ran away, hid from him and, finally, having lost all hope of salvation, asked for protection from the earth, and the earth turned her into a daisy blooming almost all year round.

The daisy is also reflected in Russian legends. When Sadko went ashore, Lyubava, longing for her lover, rushed towards him like a bird. The pearls of her necklace scattered on the ground like a hail, and from these pearls daisies arose.

Daisy, Latin - Bellis.

Daisy is a perennial plant of the Asteraceae family, 10-15 cm high, double, semi-double or non-double of the most varied colors (except blue and blue).

The genus has about 30 species growing in the Caucasus, Crimea, Western Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa.

Plants are perennial and annual, herbaceous with a rosette of spatulate or spatulate obovate leaves at the base of long, leafless peduncles. Inflorescences are single graceful baskets 1-2 cm in diameter in wild species and up to 3-8 cm in garden forms. Reed flowers are located along the edge, of various colors, tubular - small, in the center of the inflorescence. Blooms in April-May. The fruit is achene. In 1 g, up to 7500 seeds, which remain viable for 3-4 years.

In decorative floriculture, 1 species is used.

Perennial daisy
Perennial daisy

Features of growing daisies

Location: they prefer open, sunny places, but they can grow with partial shade, especially in hot weather. They are distinguished by high winter hardiness.

Soil: unpretentious to growing conditions, grow on any cultivated, well-drained soil, but bloom more abundantly on cultivated light loams, rich in humus.

Care: require regular watering, with a lack of moisture, the inflorescences become smaller and lose their terry. The culture is very responsive to the early spring introduction of liquid dressings: 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of simple superphosphate, 7-8 g of potassium sulfate per 1 m2. To limit self-seeding and prolong flowering, it is imperative to pinch off the fading baskets. It should be noted that in low areas with excessive moisture in the fall, daisies may partially fall out. Where the snow falls late or is blown away by the wind, it is advisable to cover the plants with a leaf or spruce branches.

Diseases and pests: daisies are rarely affected by diseases, but sometimes they suffer from overgrowth caused by mycoplasmas: the inflorescences become smaller, the pedicel stretches, the leaves shrink and lose their typical color (discolored). The disease most often manifests itself in early summer. Such specimens should be removed with a clod of earth. Occasionally, daisies are damaged by various mites, in winter - by small rodents. Possible defeat by powdery mildew. In this case, a white or gray bloom appears mainly on the upper side of the leaves. To prevent the plant, water in a timely manner and avoid excessive fertilization.

Daisy breeding

Daisies reproduce by seed, bush division and cuttings.

Seeds are sown in late June - early July on ridges. Seedlings appear in 7-10 days. Seedlings dive according to the 10 x 10 cm scheme, and in August they are planted in a permanent place, keeping the distance between plants 20 cm. Seedlings from self-seeding can also be dived and planted in flower beds. But if you grow daisies using only self-seeding, then varietal qualities are lost over the years - the inflorescences become smaller and become simple.

Division and cuttings are practiced to preserve valuable varieties, since during seed propagation there is a strong splitting of traits, the plants are heterogeneous in color and terry. By dividing the bush, they usually propagate in August and early September, but it is also possible in the spring. The bushes are divided into 4-6 parts. For this, in the most decorative and healthy specimens, almost all leaves are cut off, leaving petioles, and the roots are shortened up to 5-8 cm (this contributes to rejuvenation and better plant survival).

If the cuttings are found to be rootless, they should not be thrown away, because new ones will grow from the base of the leaf petioles. Already formed buds and flowers are pinched. The rejuvenated parts take root easily and continue to bloom. When cuttings in May-June, small side shoots with several leaves are separated with a knife, planted in cold greenhouses or ridges with loose soil. The cuttings are rooted in two weeks and bloom the following year. Daisies can also be transplanted when in bloom.

Perennial daisy
Perennial daisy

The use of daisies in landscaping

Daisies can be called “mobile greens” and are appropriate for small and large gardens.

The most interesting option is a portable garden. To make it look beautiful, you need to think about the placement of plants in growing vessels. The latter can be ceramic, stone, eternite bowls, troughs, vases, wooden forms (wheelbarrows, barrels) and plastic containers. These decorative details are best placed in quiet corners of the garden, near the resting place, near the water, along the edges of the lawn or paved area, near the porch, at the end of the hedge.

The daisy can be used as a carpet plant in moderately damp and semi-shaded areas of large size. In such conditions, she has beautiful and bright inflorescences, and fresh leaves remain until late autumn. Daisies can be planted in a group, unevenly, but this does not mean that the plants are planted by accident. For a group to be beautiful, composing it, you must adhere to strictly defined compositional rules.

The most important rule is that the most prominent element is not recommended to be placed in the center of the group, preferably slightly on the side, preferably at about 1/3 of the length and depth of the entire group. On the opposite side, in contrast to the bright in color and large bush, another shrub of the same bright color, but less large, is planted as the dominant element. The remaining space is filled with daisies of a more delicate color and smaller. Using the same scheme, you can create a spectacular group of daisies in combination with low-growing conifers, using conifers as the dominant element of the entire group. The framing of decorative ponds with daisies and ferns looks charming and delicate.

And finally, something unusual: islands of daisies, planted on special platforms, floating in decorative ponds. It is not at all difficult to make them: the inner surface of the base made of polystyrene with low sides is poured with liquid glass, dried, filled with an earthy mixture and plants are planted. The daisies are unpretentious and the platforms are beautiful throughout the season - guests will be delighted.

Daisies are often sown on Moorish lawns. However, sometimes daisies on their own very much litter the lawns, from where they can only be dug out, since it is impossible to cut the rosettes of leaves pressed to the ground with a mower. The inflorescences are cut for miniature bouquets.

Partners: goes well with spring-blooming crops (hyacinth, tulip, daffodil, forget-me-not, pansies).

Perennial daisy
Perennial daisy
Perennial daisy
Perennial daisy
Perennial daisy, variety 'Habanero Red'
Perennial daisy, variety 'Habanero Red'

Types of daisies

Perennial daisy - Bellis perennis

Perennial plant, cultivated as biennial, 10-30 cm tall. The leaves are spatulate or oblong-ovate with a blunt apex and a winged petiole, collected in a basal rosette, which develops in the first year after sowing. Peduncles are numerous, leafless, bristly pubescent, 15-30 cm tall, grow in the second year. Inflorescences - baskets, white, pink or red, 3-8 cm in diameter, with large ligulate or tubular flowers located on the periphery, and small tubular, golden yellow in the center. Leaves and buds, established in autumn, are well preserved under the snow, and daisies bloom in early May.

They bloom most abundantly in spring and in the first half of summer, but in wet and cool weather, the buds open until cold weather. In areas with a hot climate, the inflorescences quickly become smaller and lose their doubleness. Seeds are small, flat, oval, yellow. In 1 g about 6000, the germination of which lasts 3-4 years. Gives abundant self-seeding, which is advisable to use as seedlings. In culture, the original species is almost never used.

The modern assortment is quite diverse. There are few varieties, the best of them:

  • Schneebal - white inflorescences;
  • Beethoven - pink inflorescences;
  • Etna - inflorescences are dark pink;
  • Rose Gigantea - with large, pink-scarlet inflorescences;
  • Pimponette - pink-scarlet inflorescences, similar to pompons;
  • Dresden China - pink inflorescences;
  • Rob Roy - inflorescences are red.

According to the structure of inflorescences, all varieties are divided into: Perennial reed daisies (Bellis perennis var. Ligunosa) and Perennial tubular daisies (Bellis perennis var. Fistulosa). Within both groups, plants with double, semi-double and simple (non-double) inflorescences are distinguished. Non-double flowers have 1-3 rows of colored ligulate or tubular marginal flowers and a large disc of small, tubular, yellow flowers. Semi-double inflorescences have 4 rows of marginal colored flowers and a yellow disc of small tubular. In double inflorescences, the colored marginal flowers completely cover the small tubular ones, but in most varieties, with the complete dissolution of the inflorescences, it is visible. According to the size of inflorescences, they are divided into: small - 2-4 cm in diameter; medium - 4-6 cm; large - more than 6 cm in diameter.

Recently, varieties with orange and yellow color of marginal flowers have been created. In culture since antiquity, varieties from the 17th century.

The gentle shy woman we used to think of as a daisy is experiencing a true garden renaissance today. Among the undoubted achievements of the selection and seed-growing company "Benari" in the selection of this crop should be called the salmon-pink variety "Robella" with a height of 15 cm. The inflorescence d 4 cm consists of densely arranged rolled tubular flowers. Gold medal "Fleroselect".

The new Rominette Series - early, 12 cm high. Baskets d 2 cm of the remembered type, densely double, on strong stems. An excellent curb and container daisy that creates a dense flowering carpet or volume. Includes 4 colors, including a very effective carmine color.

The famous Habanera Series with 6 cm lancet baskets invariably attracts the public at spring seedling fairs. It looks especially impressive next to the viola. Of the 4 varieties, the most elegant is white with red tips.

Tasso (Tasso Series) - a series of pompom type, 12 cm high. Large dense baskets consist of tubular flowers. Plants are compact, even, bloom earlier than Habanera. New of the year - "Strawberry's Epd Cream".

Looking forward to your advice on growing these plants!

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