Growing Lobelia From Seeds. Planting And Care At Home. Photo

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Growing Lobelia From Seeds. Planting And Care At Home. Photo
Growing Lobelia From Seeds. Planting And Care At Home. Photo

Video: Growing Lobelia From Seeds. Planting And Care At Home. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How To Grow Lobelia From Seed | Gardening Story 2023, January
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Charming lobelia, spread out on flower beds and in flower beds with a bright carpet, elegantly looking in the air ampels, is one of the most beloved annuals. Long flowering, unpretentiousness, rapid growth and a lace-like flowering, despite the poisonousness of the plant, provide it with the title of a leader among openwork abundant crops. Growing lobelia is not at all difficult, and the easiest and most affordable way is to grow your own beauty from seeds.

Lobelia
Lobelia

Content:

  • Description of lobelia
  • Self-collection of seeds and their selection for sowing
  • Lobelia soil and containers
  • Sowing lobelia seeds
  • Conditions for germination of lobelia seeds
  • Growing plants
  • Diving seedlings and caring for young lobelia
  • Hardening of lobelia seedlings
  • Planting lobelia in open ground
  • Alternative breeding methods for lobelia

Description of lobelia

Lobelias are lacy, lush, surprisingly "plastic" annuals that create blooming clouds of delicate texture or uniquely lush spots. Lobelia grows in the form of a creeping plant with thin, flexible shoots. In the soil, it spreads out with carpets or grows in spheres-bushes, in containers it hangs gracefully (respectively, the varieties are divided into curb and ampelous).

The most valuable feature of lobelia, like any other stellar flyer, is rightfully considered a long, relentless, abundant flowering. But lobelia and foliage are more than good: small, but dense, it always forms a fresh-looking and lush green background for a massive scattering of flowers. They literally shine, small, delicate, but very beautiful.

In the genus Lobelia there are more than 300 plant species. The general favorite of the black lobelia (lobelia erinus) can boast of the greatest beauty of flowering. But other, rare species are as easy to reproduce as this beauty. Lobelias: ampelous, thinnest, strong and even beautiful can be grown from seeds without hassle and expenses. These beauties are not sown in open soil, but are grown only in seedlings.

Self-collection of seeds and their selection for sowing

Even in the middle lane, seeds ripen in lobelia. They need to be harvested after the bushes wilt, in the fall or after the bolls turn yellow, without shaking out the seeds, but cutting the fruits into deep containers and shaking them out already indoors (the seeds are very light, they are simply carried by the wind). To prevent spilling, you can pre-tie the fruit with a transparent cloth.

Because lobelia seeds are very small, they complicate the sowing process. Today on sale you can find granular seeds, which are easier to work, allow you to immediately get a "nest" of lobelia of 3-5 plants. When buying seeds, carefully study the growth form - bushy or ampelous - and preferences for growing conditions.

If you want to grow lobelia that can grow in light shade or partial shade, then you better look for those modern hybrids and mixtures that are specially bred to be less light-loving.

Lobelia seed capsule
Lobelia seed capsule

Lobelia soil and containers

Planting containers for seedlings should be low, shallow and preferably large. For lobelia, plastic containers for sweet treats, small vessels or bowls with a height of 2-3 to 5-6 cm are well suited.For granular seeds and simplification of growing, refusal to dive, seedling cassettes are perfect.

For reproduction of lobelia, it is necessary to choose a high-quality, nutritious, but the lightest in texture substrate - loose, water and air permeable. Ready-made soil mixtures for seedlings of flowering crops, self-prepared soil from garden soil, vermiculite and sand are perfect for this summer garden.

There should be no humus in the lobelia substrate. It is advisable to disinfect the soil - treat it with a special agent, spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or treat it with boiling water.

Sowing lobelia seeds

The optimal sowing dates for lobelias are considered to be March and early April, but for earlier flowering, many gardeners begin to sow lobelias as early as February. The "deadline" for sowing lobelia is mid-April. This summer plant blooms 2-2.5 months after sowing.

Lobelia seeds are very small, they must be mixed with sand before sowing. An alternative way is to plant 3-5 seeds, hooked onto a moistened tip of a toothpick. But this option of sowing takes much more time. Sowing in the snow is problematic due to hypothermia, and it is inconvenient to work with tweezers. Granulated seeds can be manually poured into individual small cups or cassette cells one at a time.

Sowing technique for lobelia seedlings

  1. Fill the seed containers with soil without compacting it.
  2. Do not water the soil before sowing.
  3. Spread the seeds along with the sand evenly over the surface of the soil, trying to sow them not too thickly (or spread the seeds by hand).
  4. Spray the surface with a spray gun. You do not need to cover the seeds with soil from above.
  5. Immediately after sowing, cover the container with lobelia with foil or glass. They need to be removed every day for airing.

Conditions for germination of lobelia seeds

Lobelia seeds are light-sensitive and require the best possible light for germination. As for temperatures, lobelias germinate in room conditions - at temperatures from 18 to 22 degrees. For lobelia, you need to regularly ventilate the crops, remove the film or glass, and also maintain a stable moisture content of the substrate by gently spraying the surface.

The process of emergence of lobelia usually lasts up to 2 weeks, with insufficient light, the seeds germinate later.

Growing plants

The most difficult part of growing lobelia from seeds on your own is to comply with the requirement of cool growing conditions. Immediately after sprouting from lobelia, you need to remove glass or film, move containers to conditions with low temperatures, in the range from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius.

If it is impossible to lower the temperatures, you need to carefully ensure that the substrate always remains on the surface in a slightly damp state, frequent spraying, while avoiding excessive dampness.

Plants gently, carefully moisturizing the substrate are grown in a container before the second pair of true leaves appears. Lobelias are grown without diving as a whole for 1 month.

Lobelia seedlings
Lobelia seedlings

Diving seedlings and caring for young lobelia

Late diving lobelia is carried out after abundant watering. Bunches of up to 5-6 lobelia are carefully separated with a spatula or small spoon. Plants are placed not one at a time, but in "nests" in one container. For lobelias, you can use peat tablets, honeycombs, and individual plastic or peat cups.

In order for young plants to grow stronger and achieve decorativeness, they need to be provided with careful, careful care. Lobelia seedlings are afraid of complete drought and waterlogging. The black leg is considered the most dangerous for lobelia, it especially threatens the summer when young shoots and seedlings are kept warm, quickly destroys all plants when the soil is waterlogged.

Watering is carried out in moderation, as the substrate dries, allowing it to dry out in the upper layer. Unlike many annuals, lobelia begins to be fed already at the seedling stage: fertilizers are applied 2 weeks after the pick. The beauties will also benefit from pinching for greater thickening.

There is also an alternative technique in growing lobelias: growing without diving into individual containers or diving into deeper common containers. Since this summer plant is not afraid of transplanting and grows compactly, if there is not enough space for growing seedlings, lobelia can be grown before planting in the soil directly in the container in which it was sown. But when planting, breaking (or rather, cutting) a tightly braided coma into separate nest groups, the roots are injured, some of the plants are inevitably lost.

Hardening of lobelia seedlings

Lobelias can be hardened almost immediately after diving, bringing young plants to fresh air on warm days as soon as the weather permits. Thanks to long-term hardening, the lobelia will become more resistant: the seedlings will be able to withstand a drop in temperatures down to -2 degrees.

Pickled Lobelia Seedling
Pickled Lobelia Seedling

Planting lobelia in open ground

Lobelia seedlings can be transferred to open soil only at the end of May, because this summer plant is very sensitive to return frost and low temperatures.

The optimum planting distance is about 15 cm between bushes. Lobelia can be planted in containers and ampels closer to achieve a more aesthetic splendor.

When planting a plant, remember that lobelias are light-loving plants that bloom most beautifully on a sunny site (only individual hybrids and modern varieties are not afraid of diffused light or light shading). And after planting, the plants need constant, systemic care - abundant watering to compensate for even short-term drought.

This is a moisture-loving summer plant in which the complete drying of the soil causes a stop in development and flowering. The bushes are restored, but without systemic irrigation it will be difficult to achieve the same impeccable beauty from lobelia. But, on the other hand, feeding lobelia is needed literally in minimal quantities (potted lobelias are fed according to the standard scheme - once a week, but in reduced doses, and in the soil, 1-2 procedures are enough for lobelia. And in order for lobelia to bloom tirelessly until the first frost, it will need help.

After the flowering subsides, the plant needs to be cut (or simply shortened individual faded shoots).

Lobelia
Lobelia

Alternative breeding methods for lobelia

If lobelia is grown as a perennial plant, then in addition to the seed method, vegetative methods can also be used - cuttings or separation of bushes.

This alternative is also the only way to fully preserve the varietal properties of some hybrid varieties of lobelia, which, when propagated by seeds, produce shoots with split characteristics.

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